B.A. (General) In Plant protectionThe University of Burdwan
Price on request
PART – I ( 1st Year) : Paper – I ( theory) :
Group – A :
1. Pest – Comprehensive & Competetive pests; Losses
due to plant pests, some examples from West Bengal.
2. Plant Protection – Definition; scope; importance.
3. Characteristics of animal enemies of crops and crop products :Protozoans, Nematodes,
Mites, Insects, Molluscs, Birds, Rodents.
4. Major signs of damage due to animal Pests.
5. Dissemination of insect pests and vectors; Migration of Locust.
6. Forecasting and monitoring of some insect pests (examples only).
7. Insecticides – Chemical classification with common leading trade names; formulations; areas of use (Organochlorines, Organophosphates, Carbamates systemic inseceticides including synthetic pyrethroids; Pesticides of plant origin, allelo-chemicals (JH, pheromones etc.)
8. Fumigation – Common fumigants and their use.
Group – B
1. Classification of plant diseases according to cause; brief account of bacteria and like organisms, fungi and like organisms, viruses, algae and angiosperms.
2. Symptoms – Major types due to fungi, bacteria and viruses.
3. Viruses – Characteristics, modes of transmission and common vectors.
4. Dissemination of plant pathogens.
5. Epidemiology – Endemic, Epidemic and pandemic; monocyclic and polycyclic; strategy of management.
6. Forecasting of plant diseases – definition, need, method as in late blight of potato (classical and Indian examples).
7. Resistance of plants to microbes – pre – infectional and post – infectional, Examples of common resistant varieties to major insect pests and diseases in West Bengal.
Part – II
Paper – II
Group - A :
Group - B :
Group – A
1. Bionomics and management of any two major insect pests of following crops; Rice, wheat, Sugarcane, Rape and Mustard, potato, Cabbage, and Cauliflower, Tomato, Brinjal, Common pulses.
2. Stored grain pests – Cereals and pulses, their bionomics and management.
3. Termites : - Examples, Biology and management.
4. Rodents and their management.
5. Common bird pests in West Bengal
GROUP – B : 50 Marks
1. Symptoms, Aetiology, disease cycle and management of any two major dissases of following crops : Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Rape and Mustard, Groundnut, Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Cabbage and Cauliflower.
2. Seed Pathology – Seed rots, seed transmission, strategy and methods of management.
3. Post-harvest diseases of perishables – Loss ( examples from W.B.) type disease of one fruit and one vegetable.
4. Weed – Classification, examples and management; herbicides – major chemical groups, doses, methods and areas of use,
5. Principles of plant disease management ; Exclusion, Eradication, Avoidance, Protection and Therapy, Genetic resistance.
PAPER – III
( Practical )
Time – 6 Hours
1. Study of symptoms of attack by type pests and diseases of plants.
2. Identification of common insects, fungi and other pests and diseases of major crops.
3. Isolation of causal organism, pests and their culture. Submission of such specimens during final examination.
4. Inoculation techniques.
5. Demonstration of Koch’s Postulates,
6. Collection of insects and other pests, diseased plant samples; common weeds, their identification, preservation, permanent preparation, Lebelled specimens and field records to be submitted during final examination.
7. Laboratory evaluation of biocides ( demonstration)
8. Preparation of desired strength of pesticides
9. Plant protection equipment : parts and handling of Rotary Duster, Knapsack sprayer, Hand compression & prayer and seed dresser.
10. Practical study tour and field trips for collection of specimens and surveillance.
PART – III
Paper – IV
GROUP – A :
1. Plant Protection Organisation in India : structural set-up; functions and service to farmers.
2. Destructive Insects and Pests Act.
3. The Insectidides Act : registration, licensing & inspection.
4. Bionomics and management of any one major pest of each of Jute, Mango, Citrus, Coconut.
5. Nematode – Characteristics, rootknot nematodes – life cycle and management.
6. Forest pests – borers and defoliators with their management.
7. Metheds of management – Legislation, Eradication – physical, cultural and biological, chemical, resistance
8. Integrated Pest Management – definition, genesis, phases, Appropriate IPM, metbods with examples from Rice and other field crops.
GROUP – B :
1. Symptoms, Aetiology, disease cycle and management of major diseases of each of following crops : ‘Damping – off’ of seedlings, Common pulses (root rot and wilt ), Jute (Stem rot), Mango (anthracnose, malformation), Citrus (Canker, decline), Banana (wilt and bunchy top), Coconut (nut fall), betlevine (food rot complex), Rose (Die-back).
2. Forest health management – cultural , mycorrhiza, pathogenic problems.
3. Soil-borne plant pathogens – transmission and management .
4. Methods of plant disease management – Legislation, Eradication, Physical, cultural and biological, chemical, resistance.
5. Fungicides – Chemical classification into major groups, non-systemic and systemic, doses, methods and areas of use.
Paper – V
1. Symptoms, collection, working out and identification of common diseases and pests of major crops, Labelled specimens and field records to be submitted during examination.
2. Monitoring of key pests and key natural enemies of major crop.
3. Seed treatment (such as blotter test, pot trials with or without chemicals or other treatments).
4. Soil treatment – soil solarisation, soil chemical treatment.
5. Plant protection equipment : Calibration and use in the field.
6. Study tour : for collection of specimens and natural enemies from different habitats; and visits to centres of plant protection such as central IPM Centre, Burdwan; Rice Research Station, Chinsurah; Dept, of plant Protection, Visva-Bharati, BCKV, Cold Storages and Warehouses; Nurseries.