In Vishakapatnam

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Important information

  • Bachelor
  • Vishakapatnam
  • Duration:
    3 Years

Important information

Where and when

Starts Location
On request
Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, 530003, Andhra Pradesh, India
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Course programme

Part – A
1. Introduction : Definition of Philosophy – Branches of Philosophy – The Nature and Characteristics of Indian Philosophy

2. Philosophical Speculations of Vedas and Upanishads – Polytheism, Henotheism, Monotheism, and Monism – The Concepts of Rta, Brahman and Atman.

3. The Central doctrines of Heterodox Systems:

(a) Carvaka School : Epistemology and Metaphysics
(b) Jainism : Nature and destiny of jiva, Syadvada
(c) Buddhism : Four Noble Truths, Nairatma–Vada, Pratitya Samutpadavada

4. Central doctrines of Orthodox Systems:

(a) Nyaya – Vaisesika : Pramanas – Categories – Theory of Causation – Atomism – God, soul and its destiny.

(b) Sankhya-Yoga : Prakrti and Purusa – Satkaryavada – Theory of Evolution – Eight Limbs of Yoga – Idea of God.

(c) Mimamsa : Karma, Dharma and Apurva.

(d) Vedanta

(i) Advaita : Nirguna Brahman – Relation between Brahman and Atman – Mayavada - Moksa.

(ii) Visistadvaita : Saguna Brahman – Relation between Brahman, Atman and World – Bhakti and Prapatti as means to moksa.

(iii) Dwaita : Nature of Reality – Panchabheda – Nature and Classification of Jivas – Bhakti as a means to Moksa.

Part – B
(Project Report and Seminar Presentation)
The student has to prepare a project report and present it in a class-seminar on any one of the following Topics:

5. Modern Indian Thought : Swami Vivekananda - Mahatma Gandhi - Sri Aurobindo - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan - Jiddu Krishnamurty, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy and sir Mohammad Iqbal.

6. Temple worship and Management: The concept of God through the Ages in India – Antiquity and Evolution of Idol worship in India – Agamas (Pancharatra and Vaikhasana) – Daily Pujas in Hindu Temples – Hindu Religious Charitable Endowment (HRCE) Board and its functions – Muslim Charitable Institutions (WAKF Act) – Christianity in India.


Part-A (Marks: 80)
1. Growth and Development of Islamic Thought.
2. Life and Ministry of Prophet Mohammed.
3. Two Schools of Kalam, Mutazilism and Asharism.
(a) Divine Unity and Attributes.
(b) Determinism and Indeterminism.
(c) Reason and Revelation.
4. Al-Kindi, Al-Farabi, Ibn-Sina and Ibn Rushd.
(a) Theories of Creation.
(b) The Doctrine of Intellect.
(c) Problem of reconciliation between Religion and Philosophy.

5. Al-Ghazzali.
(a) Reaction against Philosophers.
(b) Importance of Personal Experience.
(c) Al-Ghazzali as a mystic.
Part-B (Marks: 20)
(Project Report and Seminar Presentation)
The Student has to prepare a Project Report and Present it in a Class/Seminar on any ONE of the following topics.

6. Essentials of Sufism.
(a) Ibn-Arabi’s Concept of Unity of Being.
(b) Hallaji’s Concept of Love.
(c) Rumi’s Concept of God.

7. Contemporary Thinkers in Islam.
(a) Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan.
(b) Sir Muhammad Iqbal.
(c) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad




1. The problems of substance and change in pre-Socratic Philosophy- The Age of Sophists - Socrates : his problem and method.

2. Plato : Doctrine of Ideas – Concept of Soul – Concept of State.
3. Aristotle : Criticism of Plato’s doctrine of Ideas – His theory of Causation.

4. Rationalism:
(d) Descartes : His method (cogito ergo sum) – “Body – Mind problem” – Proofs for the existence of God.

(e) Spinoza : Concept of substance – “Body - Mind Relation”.
(f) Leibnitz: Pre-established harmony – doctrine of Monodology.
5. Empiricism :
(a) John Locke : Refutation of the doctrine of Innate Ideas – Origin, validity and limits of knowledge.

(b) Berkeley : Subjective idealism.
(c) David Hume : His conception of substance and theory of Causation.

6. German Idealism and Marxian Materialism: Kant’s transcendental idealism – Hegel’s Dialectical idealism- Karl Marx’s dialectical materialism.

(Project Report and Seminar Presentation)
The student has to prepare a project report and present it in a class-seminar on any one of the following Topics:

7. Logical Positivism: Rejection of Metaphysics – Principle of Verification.
8. Existentialism: Concepts of Man and Freedom.
9. Post-Modernism as a Philosophical Movement - Deconstruction – Post-Moderism and Identity Politics.

PART – A (80 Marks)

(i) Traditional Logic

1. The definition, nature, scope and uses of Logic – The distinction between truth and validity.’

2. The Laws of Thought.
3. Propositions: Nature and definition of propositions – Traditional Classification of propositions.

4. Syllogism : Categorical, Hypothetical and Disjunctive – Rules and Fallacies – Figures and Moods.
(ii) Modern Logic

1. Modern Classification of propositions – Simple, Compound and general.
2. The distinction between traditional logic and symbolic logic – The advantages of Symbolic logic over that of traditional logic.

3. Basic Truth – Tables (Negation, Conjunction, Implication and Disjunction): their construction and use – Tautology, Contradiction and Contingent.

(iii) Scientific Method

1. The definition of Science – Its reliance on inductive method – Observation, Hypothesis, Verification and Proof – The place of analogy in scientific investigation.

2. The Methodology in Experimental Sciences – Mill’s Experimental Methods.
3. Methodology in Social Sciences : Method of Correlation, Method of Case history, Method of Questionnaire, Method of Field Investigation.
(Project Report and Seminar Presentation)
The student has to prepare a project report and present it in a class-seminar on any one of the following Topics:

Application of Logic –Logic and Mathematics - Logic in Computer Sciences – Programming – Flow Charts – Basic Logical concepts in Computational Activities.



1. Definition, Nature and Scope of Ethics.
2. Basic Moral Concepts : Good, Right, Ought, Duty, Obligation, Justice and Freedom.

3. Ethical Theories.
I : Western
(a) Hedonism : J.S. Mill and J. Bentham.
(b) Intuitionism : G.E. Moore
(c) Formalism : Immanuel Kant
(d) Emotivism : R.L. Stevenson and A.J. Ayer.
II – Indian
(e) Bhagavad Gita : Niskamakarma
(f) Buddhism : The Eight Fold path
(g) Jainism : Mahavratas and Anurvatas.

4. Theories of Punishment:
(a) Retributive, Deterrent and Reformative.
(b) Views of Manu on punishment.

5. Medical Ethics : Views of Caraka, Susruta and Hippocrates – Moral Responsibility of Medical Practioners.

The student has to prepare a project report and present it in a class-seminar on any one of the following Topics:

Medical Ethics : Euthanasia
Business Ethics: Ethical Standards of Business – Immoral and Illegal Practices and their solutions.
Environmental Ethics : Man and Nature – Ecological crisis.
Genetic Engineering and Cloning and their ethical issues.
Ethics of Media : Impact of News Papers – Television and Movies.
Social Ethics: Organ Trade, Human trafficking

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