B.A Programme in Public Administration

IGNOU- Indira Gandhi National Open University
In Agartala, New Delhi, Ahmedabad and 30 other venues

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Important information


Important information

Where and when

Starts Location
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IGNOU Regional Centre Opp. Nirma Institute of Technology Sarkhej - Gandhinagar Highway Chharodi Ahmedabad, 382481, Gujarat, India
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On request
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IGNOU Regional Centre 3/310, Marris Road, Aligarh - 202001 Uttar Pradesh, 202001, Uttar Pradesh, India
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IGNOU Regional Centre No.293, 39th Cross, 8th Block, Jayanagar BANGALORE, 560070, Karnataka, India
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Course programme

Administrative Theory

The Course intends to familiarise the learners first by explaining to them the nature, scope and importance of Public Administration.

Public Administration, as we study today, is the product of certain evolutionary processes. It means that we have to study and analyse factors contributing to the evolution of Public Administration in recent times. Its true nature and function can be understood against the background of the nature of administration in various societies: ancient and modern, developing and developed, etc. This necessitates an understanding of Comparative Public Administration, Development Administration, etc. To understand the real nature of Public Administration, it is being argued that it must not be studied merely as a tool or technique but as something which is concerned with public good and therefore, with public policy.
The most common form of organisation found in Government are the Departments and Corporations. The principles on which these are organised, how authority and responsibility are placed, how the financial resources mobilised, allocated and utilised are some other aspects which need to be studied.

In the ultimate analysis all acts of omission and commission by administration have to be explained to the public i.e. the common person whom we call citizen in the modern political sense. As the term Public Administration illustrates - It is to be studied, analysed and understood in terms of all the actions and interactions that take place between the citizens and administration. This is the sum and substance of Public Administration - the subject matter of this Course on Administration theory.

II Indian Administration

The Course aims to familiarise the learners with the functioning of Indian Administration. An attempt would be made to trace the evolution of administration in India with a historical perspective and gain contextual understanding of its finalising in the present times.

The study of administration at the Central level necessitates an analysis of power of the Government, the division of work into Ministries and Departments. The Course will also include a study of the planning process and the role of the civil services. It is also necessary to know about the power entrusted to the state governments, the role of the Governor, Chief Minister, State Legislature and the State Secretariat.

The District in India is a multiple field area. Majority of the States have a three-tier structure of Panchayati Raj. The District Collector is the kingpin of administration. In urban areas various development authorities have been set up to tackle the variety of problems affecting the lives of citizens. These are crucial areas of administration requiring our attention.

Citizens increasingly come in touch with administration in their daily life. For removal of citizens' grievances, we have administrative tribunals, Central Vigilance Commission etc. Judicial writs are also instruments of redressal of citizens' problems.

New issues in administration are emerging such as relationship between the Centre and the states as well as the state and local bodies. Some other emerging crucial issues are problems of pressure groups, changing patterns of relationship, between bureaucrats and ministers, and between generalists and specialists.

III Development Administration

The Elective Course 3 on Development Administration aims at familiarising the learners with formulation and implementation of development strategies in context of India. It deals with the meaning, scope and significance of Development Administration in the country. The system of planning within the framework of a mixed economy is analysed. The Course attempts to highlight the social background of bureaucracy, its expanding role and significance; and its relationship with the politicians. The need and importance of Panchayati Raj Institutions, voluntary organisations and cooperatives is stressed. The Course also gives an idea about the role of public and private sectors and development corporations in bringing about development.

IV Personnel Administration

Personnel constitutes the most important input in administration. The Elective Course 4 aims at familiarising the learners with the concept, nature, scope, functions and significance of Personnel Administration. Since civil services play a crucial role in the present day administrative system, the Course deals with the development of public services, role of bureaucracy, its basis, classification, and the issue of relationship between the generalists and specialists. It analyses the role of personnel agencies like the Ministry of Personnel, Public Service Commissions, Training Institutions and Administrative Tribunals. The important components of Personnel Administration like recruitment, training, promotion and performance appraisal are dealt with. The Course also gives an idea about the working conditions, conduct and discipline, administrative ethics and integrity of public service personnel. It also highlights the employer-employee relations.

V Public Administration

This Elective Course 5 intends to familiarise the learners with the concept, nature and scope of financial administration. Finance is the life blood of every organisation and the efficient functioning of all the systems in the organisation depend to a large extent upon the effectiveness of financial system as every administrative act may have financial implications. The Course deals with the objectives, principles of financial administration, and the important issue of centre-state financial relations. We will examine the fiscal policy, equity and social justice, meaning and characteristics of government budgeting, the evolution of budgetary system, and the budgetary process in India. The types of classification of government expenditure, the important theories and growth of public expenditure, shall be discussed in the Course. The budgetary innovations in our financial system in the form of performance budgeting and zero base budgeting shall be dealt with. Mobilisation of resources assumes importance in our planned development efforts. The three important components of resource mobilistion i.e. tax and non-tax revenue, deficit financing, public debt management shall be highlighted. Investment of public funds is another important aspect of financial administration which will be stressed in the course. Financial control which takes the form of legislative control, executive control is the area of focus in this course. We shall also deal with the accounting and auditing system in India and the important role of Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

VI Public Policy

The Elective Course 6 on Public Policy aims at familiarising the learners with the governmental rules and programmes, that is, the authoritative decisional output of a political system, known commonly as public policies. Through different case studies, role of various government and non-governmental organs in formulation and implementation of some of the policies has been analysed. The Course also gives an idea about the role of major determinants, viz: political parties, interest groups, social movements, mass media and international agencies in policy framing. Strategies and techniques for ascertaining policy impact, policy evolution and the policy analysis have been specifically emphasised.

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