B. Sc (Hons) in FOOD & NUTRITIONUniversity of Kalyani
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Paper – I
1. Concept and definition of terms Nutrition, Malnutrition and Health : Brief history of Nutritional
Science. Scope of nutrition.
2. Minimum Nutritional Requirement and RDA - Formulation of RDA and Dietary Guidelines -
Reference Man and Reference Woman.
3. Body composition and changes through the life cycle.
4. Energy in Human Nutrition : Idea of energy and its unit, energy balance, assessment of energy
requirements – deficiency and excess, determination of energy in food, B.M.R. and its
5. Nutrition During Pregnancy :
Physiology of pregnancy, factors (non -nutritional) affecting pregnancy outcome, importance of
adequate weight gain during pregnancy, antenatal ca re and its schedule, nutritional requirements
during pregnancy and modification of existing diet and supplementation, nutritional factors
affecting breast feeding, deficiency of nutrients and impact – energy, iron folic acid, protein,
calcium, iodine. Common problems of pregnancy and their managements – nausea, vomiting,
pica, food aversions, pregnancy induced hypertension, obesity, diabetes, adolescent pregnancy.
6. Nutrition during Lactation : Physiology of lactation :
Nutritional requirements during lactation, dietary management, food supplements,
galactogogues, preparation for lactation. Care and preparation of nipples during breast feeding.
7. Nutrition during infancy :
Infant physiology relevant to feeding and care, breast feeding - colostrum, its composition and
importance in feeding. Initiation of breast feeding. Advantages of exclusive breast feeding.
Basic principles of breast feeding. Introduction of supplementary foods, initiation and
management of weaning, bottle feeding - circumstances under which bottle feeding is to be
given. Care and sterilization of bottles. Preparation of formula. Mixed feeding, breast feeding
and artificial feeding.
8. Growth and development from infancy to adulthood :
Somatic, physical, brain and mental development, puberty, menarch, prepubertal and pubertal
changes, Importance of Nutrition for ensuring adequate development.
9. Growth monitoring and promotion :
Use of growth chart and standards, preventions of growth faltering.
10. Nutritional needs of toddlers, preschool, school going children and adolescents – dietary
11. Management of preterm and low birth weight babies.
12. Feeding children with special needs.
Paper – II
1. Structure and functions of cells.
2. Blood and its composition, blood groups, coagulation of blood, structure and function of
heart, heart rate, cardiac cycle, cardiac out put. blood pressure and their regulations, circulation
of blood (general course of circulation).
3. Gastrointestinal System : Stru cture and function of various organs of the GI tract, digestion
and absorption of food and the role of enzymes and hormones.
4. Reproductive System : Structure and function of sex glands and organs including hormones.
Menstrual cycle. Physiology of pregnancy, parturition, lactation and menopause.
5. Excretory System : Structure and functions of kidney, bladder, formation of urine, role of
kidney in homeostasis. Structure and function of skin. Regulation of temperature of the body.
6. Respiratory System : Structure of respiratory system. Mechanism of respiration and its
regulations. O2 and CO2 transport in blood. Vital capacity and other volumes. Acclimatization.
7. Nervous System : Elementary anatomy of nervous system. Function of different parts of the
brain in brief. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Special senses.
8. Musculoskeletal System : Types of muscles, functions and structure. Skeletal system –
formation of bone and teeth. (General idea)
9. Endocrine System : Structure and functions, deficiency and excess symptoms.
Paper – III
1. Identification of prepared slides :
(a) Lungs, (b) Suprarenal gland, (c) Thyroid, (d) Pituitary, (e) Testis, (f) Ovary, (g) Kidney,
(h) Liver, (i) Pancreas, (j) Small intestine, (k) Large intestine, (l) Spinal cord, (m) Cerebellum.
2. Preparation of blood film and identification of white blood cell, counting of blood cells.
3. Determination of haemoglobin.
4. Determination of bleeding time and clot ting time of blood. Blood grouping.
5. Measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate.
6. Study of muscles fibres and squamous epithelium.
7. Qualitative tests with saliva and urine.