BA in History (General)

University of Kalyani
In Bardhaman

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Important information

Typology Bachelor
Location Bardhaman
Duration 3 Years
  • Bachelor
  • Bardhaman
  • Duration:
    3 Years


Where and when

Starts Location
On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
See map
Starts On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
See map

Course programme

Part – I

Paper I Indian History (Pre-historic times to Sixteenth Century A. D.)
(100 Marks ; 50 Lectures)
Unit 1 Literary and Archaeological sources of Ancient and Medieval
Indian History – Archaeological methods – Archaeological
knowledge and the historical understanding of the rise extent and
decline of the Harappan Civilization
Unit 2 Political developments – I
Indian polity in later Vedic times – The Mahayanapadas – The rise
and fall of the Maurya Empire – Regional powers and the struggle
for power in North India – Political developments in South India.
Unit 3 Political developments – II
Impact of Islam and political change in India:
Brief overview of the Delhi Sultanate – the administration of the
Delhi Sultanate – the centralized monarchy – political ideologies in
the Delhi Sultanate – Independent Sultans of Bengal – the
Vijaynagar Empire.
Unit 4 1. Economic life in ancient and early medieval India – Land
Systems in ancient India – Framework of agriculture; the
state, taxation, irrigation and the agrarian economy – The
urban social formations – Internal and overseas trade –
Crafts and Guilds – the Indian Feudali9sm, issues and
2. The Delhi Sultanate and a changin g framework of
agriculture – Iqta system – emergence of new urban centres
and a reorientation in commercial life.
Unit 5 1. Society and Religion: Vedic religion and the quest for
knowledge – the basic framework of Brahminical religion –
Buddhism, Jainism and social protest. The apogee of
Brahaminism and the rise of sectarian cults – Saivism,
Vaishnavism, the cult of mother goddess
2. Social life: Social structure – From Varna to Jati – Family
life and the status of women
3. The nature of the impact of Islam on Indian society –
Sufism – Syncretism and the Bhakti movement.
University of Kalyani General Course in History
Unit 6 Art, Architecture, Science and Culture:
1. Ancient Indian architecture and sculpture – stupa, chaitya,
temples of different styles – Islam and the introduction of
the new forms – emergence of an Indo-Saracenic style.
2. Literary products of classical India – Epics and Puranas –
Administrative texts, Kautilya’s Arthashastra – Literary
developments in the Gupta Age – Scientific knowledge
with special reference to astronomy, mathematics and
medicine – Post thirteenth century developments – history
writing in India under the Sultanate – new developments in
4 Questions from Unit 1, 2, and 3 (taking at least one from each group)
2 Questions from Unit 4 (one each from sub -unit 1& 2)
2 Questions from Unit 5
2 Questions from Unit 6 (one each from sub-unit 1& 2)
University of Kalyani General Course in History
Part II
Paper II Indian History (C. 1526 to C. 1914 A.D)
(100 Marks ; 50 Lectures)
Unit 1 Disintegration of the Sultanate and
foundation of Mughal Empire
Significance of the victory of Babar over the Indian adversaries
Mughal Afghan contest – Sher Shah as a reformer.
Unit 2.A Akbar and the consolidation of the Mughal
Political expansion; administrative reorganization; relations
with the Rajputs – Expansion of Mughal control over Bengal
and Deccan – Land Revenue and Mansabdari System –
Evolution of religious policy.
Unit 2.B Politics and administration in Post -Akbar
Expanding frontiers of the Empire – consolidation of the
Mughal ruling class; reorganizat ion in the Mansab system
Unit 2.C Economy, Society & Culture:
Commercial expansion: religious syncretism; art &
Unit3 Aurangzeb and the zenith of the Empire
Political Expanism: Deccan - Rise of Shivaji, Mughal-Maratha
contest and the eventual incorporation of the Marathas within
the imperial framework – Rajput Policy – State and religion:
changes since the death of Akbar
Unit4 Break up of the Mughal Empire
Cause thereof – Growth of regional entities and the relation
between the centre and the periphery – Trade, Commerce and
the rise of the European trading companies – Eventual success
of the English East India Company.
University of Kalyani General Course in History
Unit5 Early stages of the rise of the East India
Plassey, Buxar and the Diwani – Structural reorganization in
the administration – Regulating and the Pitts India Acts –
Company’s relation with the Indian states and its emergence as
the dominant power; Marathas, Mysore and Sikhs – Subsidiary
Alliance and the enunciation of a new principle of expansion –
The course of British annexation in early 19 th century:
subjugation of the Marathas.
Unit 6. The Colonial Economy
1. Basic features – Land revenue settlements; Bengal, North
India, South and West – long term colonial impact on
agriculture – changing forms of early colonial impact on
trade and commerce: From Monopoly to Free trade.
2. Drain of Wealth – De-industrialization – India’s internal
trade in the second half of the 19 th century – limited
developments of modern industries up to 1914 – changes
after 1914.
Unit7 Early resistance to Colonial Rule
Different forms of resistance – rural resistance – resistance by
landlords and peasants; Poligar uprising (Madras); Paik
rebellion (Orissa) and peasant uprising in Western Bengal –
Peasant movement and religion: Wahabi and Farazi – Santal
rebellion (1855) – The Revolt of 1857: The Social context; the
political context (popular and aristocratic resentment about
British Imperial Policies).
Unit8 Reformism and Westernization
British Orientalism: Bentinck, Macaulay, Western Education
and Social Reform. The Indian Response: Rammoh an and
Social reform; The Young Bengal – The Brahmo Movement –
Vidyasagar and social and educational reform; Reformist
initiatives in western and southern India, - Prarthana Samaj;
Reform from within tradition – Arya Samaj; Aligarh
Movement and modernizati on of Islam in India;
Westernization and Indian social conservatism: The Age of
Consent Agitation.
Unit9 Indian Politics: 1858-1885
Provincial associations: Bengal, Madras, Bombay –
Background to the emergence of Indian National Congress –
The foundation of the Congress – the nature of the early
University of Kalyani General Course in History
Unit10 Indian Politics: 1885-1914
Congress under Moderate Leadership – Hindu Revivalism –
Militant nationalism – Ideology and Programme of militant
nationalists – Swadeshi Movement: Its varied dimensions –
The birth of All India Muslim League and Separate electorate –
Revolutionary terrorism in Bengal and the Punjab.
3 Questions from Unit 1, 2, and 3 (one from each Unit)
2 Questions from Unit 4 and 5 (one from each Unit)
3 Questions from Unit 6, 7, and 8 (at least one from each Unit)
2 Questions from Unit 9 and 10 (at least one from each Unit)
Paper III Modern Europe (1789-1939) (100 Marks ; 50 Lectures)
Unit1 Foundation of Modern Europe
1. Eighteenth Century Background.
2. The French Revolution – Socio-Economic Background –
Progress of the revolution – Popular Movements – Jacobins
and Girondins.
3. Rise of Napoleon – Internal Reconstruction – Napoleon and
Europe – Napoleon and Revolution
Unit2 Political Developments in Europe
1. Triumph of conservatism – the Metternich System.
2. Nationalism, Liberalism and the Revolutions of 1830 and
3. Stages of Italian unification.
4. Unification and consolidation of Germany.
5. Russia: Attempts at England and the continent.
Unit3 Society and Economy in Nineteenth Century
1. Industrial Advances in England and the continent
2. Labour movements
3. Utopian Socialism and Marxism
4. Art and Culture, Literatures and Science
Unit4 Neo Imperialism: 1971 - 1914
1. Europe in 1871 – New Balance of Power
2. Scramble for colonies in Asia and Africa
3. The Eastern Question in later Nineteenth century
4. Triple Alliance, Triple Entente and the emergence of two
armed camps
University of Kalyani General Course in History
Unit5 First World War (1914 – 1919)
1. Origins of the First World War – Issues and Stakes
2. Russian Revolution of 1917
3. Peace Settlement of 1919 – its long term consequences –
Birth of German Republic
Unit6 Europe in the Inter-War Period (1919 – 1939)
1. Aftermath of the War
2. Emergence of Soviet Union
3. Rise of Fascism and its impact
4. Outbreak of the World War II

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