Bachelor of Dental SurgeryBaba Jaswant Singh Dental College Hospital & Research Instit
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General Human Anatomy including Embryology & Histology
The student should gain the knowledge and insight into, the functional anatomy of the human head and neck, functional histology and an appreciation of the genetic basis of inheritance and disease, and the embryological development of clinically important structures. So that relevant anatomical & scientific foundations are laid down for the clinical years of the BDS course. Morphology is taught by lectures, dissections and clinical discussions.
II. General Human Physiology, Bio- Chemistry, Nutrition and Dietics
Human physiology aims at providing the student comprehensive knowledge of the normal functions of the organ systems of the body to facilitate an understanding of the physiological basis of health and disease
deals with the nature of Biochemical processes occurring in the living cells of our body with their applied aspects and involves an in-depth study of process of metabolism.
III. Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Oral Histology
Lectures and laboratory practicals, of normal tooth morphology, tooth & oral histology, tooth-carving exercises and Dental anatomy, under-standing of the embryology with microscopic slides, microscopic and macroscopic structure, and functions of the oro-facial complex is the part of the courses of this subject.
IV. Dental Materials (Exam to be held in second year)
V. Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge-Practicals
(Exam to be held in second year)
VI. Behavioural Sciences
The aim of teaching behavioural sciences to undergraduate student is to impart such knowledge & skills that may enable him to apply principles of behaviour- a) For all round development of his personality b) In various therapeutic situations in dentistry. The student should be able to develop skills of assessing psychology factors in each patient, explaining stress, learning simple counseling techniques and improving patient’s compliance behaviour.
The Second Year BDS examination comprises of following 5 subjects including preclinical practicals:
I. General and Dental Pharmacology & Therapeutics
General Principles of drug actions in the body and drugs of importance to clinical dentistry are covered in the study of this subject.
II. General Pathology & Microbiology
Pathology is the scientific study of function & structure of the body in disease. The knowledge & understanding of the pathology is essential for all doctors since unless they know the cause & mechanism of disease, they would not be able to institute appropriate treatment or suggest preventive measures to the patients. Curriculum covers fundamental mechanism and general principles of the diseases of our body. Didactic sessions largely comprising lectures, gross and microscopic features of Pathology and seminars
comprises bacteriology, parasitology, virology, mycology and immunology to prepare students for detailed study of infectious diseases, general characteristics of pathogenic microorganisms along with laboratory aspects are included in the curriculum of this subject
III. Dental Materials
An in-depth study of physical and chemical properties of materials related to the practice of dentistry with the help of practicals and lectures along with recent advances and methods of workability of these materials are taught.
IV. Pre clinical Conservative Dentistry (Practicals)
Students are trained to identify, handle and use hand cutting instruments and rotary cutting instruments used for various Endodontics and tooth restorative treatment procedures. Students exercise/practice on phantom head models (that simulate real patient), typhodonts as well as natural teeth for all designs of cavity preparation (Class I –VI), mixing and usage of cements, matrix and wedge placement followed by amalgam and other restoration materials.
V. Pre clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge (Practicals)
The students are trained to fabricate various types of complete dentures with laboratory procedures and crown & bridge, removable partial dentures preparatory exercises in patient simulating conditions before the students actually do these procedures on actual patients.
VI. Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology (Exam to be held in third year)
In the third year BDS examination following 3 subjects are included:
I. General Medicine
General Medicine includes fundamental procedures in systematic examination of patients with diseases, including history taking, presenting signs and symptoms, clinical examination and diagnosis of diseases for which the treatment is done by drugs. Lectures, demonstrations and clinical examinations are the main parts of the curriculum.
II. General Surgery
Introduction to general principles of surgery, clinical examination, including history taking and diagnosis for those diseases for which treatment has to be done by surgical means and evaluation of patients requiring minor/ major surgical procedure are taught here.
III. Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
The student is taught by lectures series to recognize, analyze and appreciate primary and secondary disease conditions of the oral and para-oral regions present in patients. The course also includes microscopic and macroscopic evaluation and diagnosis of common oral diseases through practicals in the Laboratory
IV. Oral Medicine & Radiology (Exam to be held in fourth year)
V. Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics (Exam to be held in fourth year)
VI. Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry (Exam to be held in fourth year)
VII. Periodontology (Exam to be held in fourth year)
VIII. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics (Exam to be held in fifth year)
IX. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (Exam to be held in fifth year)
X. Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge (Exam to be held in fifth year)
In the fourth year BDS examination following 4 subjects are included:
I. Oral Medicine and Radiology
Oral Medicine branch of dental sciences deals with clinical presentation of dental and oral diseases, oral manifestation of the systemic diseases and the effect of oral diseases on patient health. Focus is laid on history-taking techniques, comprehensive patient examination, use of diagnostic aids, tests, diagnosis of pathology and formulation of treatment plans and treatment by drugs. Radiology subject includes a detailed didactic and practical presentation of radiological techniques essential for diagnosis of dental, oral & maxillofacial diseases. Dental Radiology includes application of radiation for radio graphic interpretation of normal parts and pathological lesions. It also includes basic principle of treatment by radiation (Radiotherapy). Forensic Odontology i.e. Medico-legal aspects in Dentistry is also dealt in this subject.
IV. Orthodontics & dentofacial orthopaedics
It is the branch of dentistry which deals with alignment of irregular teeth by removable and fixed appliances. Teaching focus is on facial growth and development and introduction to the Concepts and practical aspects of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment. Advanced diagnostic facilities such as computerized cephalometrics, computerized growth prediction and other ultra modern equipment for rendering state- of the art orthodontic care are demonstrated.
V. Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry
Education of Oral health problems during development and growth of oro-facial complex of the child and adolescent are covered here. The course also includes training in patient management, preventive and restorative dentistry, treatment of traumatic dental injuries and minor tooth movements in children.
This branch of dentistry deals with normal as well as diseased tissues surrounding the teeth i.e gums and surrounding bone etc. The students are taught about the prevention and treatment of diseases of gums etc. They are educated about various oral hygiene measures to motivate the patients to maintain their oral health. In this department students are also taught to do comprehensive treatment of gums with non- surgical and surgical methods with latest technology including bone grafts
VII. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics (Exam to be held in final year)
VIII. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Exam to be held in Final year)
IX. Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge Work (Exam to be held in final year)
X. Public Health Dentistry (Exam to be held in final year)
XI. Aesthetic Dentistry
XII. Oral Implantology
Oral Implantology is now emerged as a new branch in dentistry world wide and it has been given a separate status in the universities abroad. Dental implants are artificial roots which are implanted in the jawbone and on which crowns, bridges or a removable prosthesis are fixed. The objective behind including this branch into under graduate curriculum is to impart basic knowledge of Oral Implantology to undergraduates and enable them to diagnose, plan the treatment and to carry out the needed pre surgical mouth preparations.
In the Final Year BDS Examination following 4 subjects are included:-
I. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
This branch of dental sciences deals with the basic concepts and techniques of tooth extraction, as well as minor and major oral Maxillofacial surgical problems including methods of pain control and local anesthesia, and emergency dental care. Clinical programmes which include deep insight of major surgeries, involving the treatment of oral- cancers, facial trauma, temperomandibular joint disorders, cleft lip and palate, and jaw deformities which also forms a special part of the syllabus of this subject. Implantology is part of Oral Surgery.
II. Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge Work
A detailed analysis of edentulous and partially edentulous patient, with emphasis on diagnosis, design and fabrication of Removable and fixed dental prosthesis including varying types of crowns and dentures is covered in the syllabus of this subject. A state of art Casting and ceramic laboratory with Ultra modern technology exists for the benefits of students as well and for the patient. Implantology related to Prosthetic Dentistry and Aesthetic Dentistry.
III. Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
It deals with restoring the diseased tooth to its natural form, function and aesthetic. Dental restorative care including diagnosis, prevention of caries, treatment planning for total dental health and comfort of the patient. It includes coronal restorations including amalgams, cast gold, composite, glass ionomer restorative treatment etc. It also includes Endodontics of the pulp, root canals and periapical diseases. Subject teaching is essentially done by lectures, preclinical and clinical techniques in laboratories and clinics. Aesthetic Dentistry
IV. Public Health Dentistry
Goal is to prevent and control oral diseases and promote oral health through organized community efforts. Designed to help the student to explore professional ethics, as they relate to dentist’s relationships to peers, patients and the community. The Student attends dental camps and performs initial screening examinations and is sensitized to specific needs of a variety of patient populations including Dental Health Education. Behaviour Sciences