COURSE IN BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCESManubhai Patel Dental College & Hosptial
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COURSE IN BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES
The aim of teaching behavioural sciences to undergraduate student is to impart such knowledge & skills that may enable him to apply principles of behaviour --
a) For all round development of his personality
b) In various therapeutic situations in dentistry.
The student should be able to develop skills of assessing psychological factors in each patient, explaining stress, learning simple counselling techniques, and improving patients compliance behaviour.
A) KNOWLEDGE & UNDERSTANDING:
At the end of the course, the student shall be able to:
Comprehend different aspects of normal behaviour like learning, memory, motivation, personality & intelligence.
2) Recognise difference between normal and abnormal behaviour.
3) Classify psychiatric disorders in dentistry.
Recognise clinical manifestations of dental phobia, dental anxiety, facial pain, orofacial manifestations of psychiatric disorders, and behavioural problems in children. Addictive disorders, psychological disorders in various dental departments.
Should have understanding of stress in dentistry and knowledge of simple counselling techniques.
Have some background knowledge of interpersonal, managerial and problem solving skills which are an integral part of modern dental practice.
7) Have knowledge of social context of dental care.
The student shall be able to:
1) Interview the patient and understand different methods of communication skills in dentist - patient relationship.
2) Improve patients compliance behaviour.
3) Develop better interpersonal, managerial and problem solving skills.
4) Diagnose and manage minor psychological problems while treating dental patients.
The training in Behavioural sciences shall prepare the students to deliver preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative services to the care of the patients both in family and community and refer advanced cases to specialised psychiatric hospitals.
Training should be integrated with all the departments of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacology, Physiology and Biochemistry.
1. PSYCHOLOGY: 1. Definition & Need of Behavioural Science. Determinants of Behaviour. Hrs 1 Scope of Behavioural Science.
2. Sensory process & perception perceptual process- clinical applications.
3. Attention - Definition - factors that determine attention. Clinical application.
4. Memory - Memory process - Types of memory , Forgetting: Methods to improve memory, Clinical assessment of memory & clinical applications.
5. Definition - Laws of learning
Type of learning. Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive learning, Insight learning, social learning, observational learning, principles of learning- Clinical application.
6. Intelligence- Definition: Nature of intelligence stability of intelligence Determinants of intelligence, clinical application
7. Thinking - Definition: Types of thinking, delusions, problem solving
8. Motivation - Definition: Motive, drive, needs classification of motives
9. Emotions - Definition differentiation from feelings - Role of hypothalamus, Cerebral cortex, adrenal glands ANS. Theories of emotion, Types of emotions. Personality. Assessment of personality: Questionnaires, personality inventory, rating scales, Interview projective techniques - Rorshach ink blot test , RAT, CAT
Social class, social groups - family, types of family, types of marriages, communities and Nations and institutions.