M.Phil. Programme in Environmental Science(Actinobacteria of the Sundarbans)

Jadavpur University
In Kolkata

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  • MPhil
  • Kolkata
Description

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Where and when

Starts Location
On request
Kolkata
Raja S. C. Mullick Road Jadavpur, 700032, West Bengal, India
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Course programme

The Jadavpur University offers a number of courses.One of the courses is M.Phil. Programme in Environmental Science(Actinobacteria of the Sundarbans)

This Course is offered by the School of Energy Studies

In order to impart higher education in the field of environmental studies, the University Grants Commission sanctioned post graduate and M. Phil. courses under the special category “Emerging Areas” in several Universities in India. Jadavpur University was the first University in West Bengal to offer M. Phil. in 1985 as “M.Phil. Programme in Environmental Science”. This programme has been merged with School of Environmental Studies in 2005 and is functioning as a teaching activity of the School under the Faculty of Science. From being a part-time evening course since its inception in 1985, this course was transformed into a full-time course in 2001.

The Class Actinobacteria and more specifically bacteria belonging to the order Actinomycetales (commonly called Actinomycetes) account for approximately 7000 of the compounds reported in the Dictionary of Natural Products . The genus Streptomyces alone accounts for a remarkable 80% of the actinomycete natural products reported to date. The marine actinomycetes, although easy to isolate, their ecological role in the marine ecosystem was largely neglected and various assumptions meant there was little incentive to isolate strains for search and discovery of new bioactive molecules. However, current research suggests that the marine actinomycetes are a prime resource in search and discovery for novel natural products and biological diversity. Striking advances made in marine microbial ecology using molecular techniques and metagenomics have projected actinobacteria as an often significant, sometimes even dominant clade in the marine environment. Both approaches, culture-dependent methods and culture-independent techniques, are leading to new insights into marine actinobacterial biodiversity and biogeography. Very different views of actinobacterial diversity emerge from these, however, and the true extent and biogeography of this are still not clear.