M. Sc. (Physics):Liquid Crystals:Low Temperature PhysicsThapar University
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Physics Lab I
Fundamentals of Computer Science and C Programming
Condensed Matter Physics
Experimental Techniques in Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Physics Lab II
Physics Lab III
Low Temperature Physics
Low Temperature Techniques: Liquid He4: (i) Physical properties of normal liquid, (ii) P-T phase diagram, (iii) superfluidity in He4, (iv) two-fluid model of liquid He4, (v) introduction to theory of superfluidity Liquid He3: (i) Physical properties, (ii) P-T phase diagram, (iii) superfluidity in He3 and introduction to its theory, Production of liquid He4: (i) thermodynamics, (ii) adiabatic and isentropic expansions,(iii) introduction to some liquefier designs. He3-He4 mixtures: (i) thermodynamic and physical properties of the mixture, (ii) dilution refrigerator. Adiabatic demagnetization: (i) thermodynamic cycles, (ii) Electronic spins,(ii) nuclear spins, (iii) design of an AD fridge.Thermometry and temperature control, principles and instrumentation, Thermometric methods,
Low Temperature Phenomena in Physics: Tunneling in superconductors, Josephson Junctions (AC and DC), Macroscopic quantum interference, SQUID and it’s applications.
Electrons in high magnetic field: magnetic quantization and Landau Levels, Integral quantum Hall effect (QHE). Laughlin;s Theory and Fractional quantum Hall effect.
Low dimensional conducting system: Classical, Ballistic and Diffusive transport regimes, Ballistic transport in constriction and nanowires: Conduction as transmission, quantization of conductance and Landuer Formalism.Coulomb blockade and single electron tunneling transistor (SET). The 2D-Wigner crystal, Quantum 2D melting and the metal-insulator transition in zero field.