M. Sc. (Physics):Liquid Crystals:Low Temperature Physics

Thapar University
In Patiala

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Important information

Typology Master
Start Patiala
  • Master
  • Patiala

Important information

Where and when

Starts Location
On request
Thapar University P.O Box 32, 147004, Punjab, India
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Starts On request
Thapar University P.O Box 32, 147004, Punjab, India
See map

Course programme

First Semester

Classical Mechanics
Statistical Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics
Mathematical Physics
Physics Lab I
Fundamentals of Computer Science and C Programming

Second Semester

Condensed Matter Physics
Experimental Techniques in Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Physics Lab II

Third Semester

Particle Physics
Nuclear Physics
Semiconductor Physics
Physics Lab III

Fourth Semester


Low Temperature Physics

Low Temperature Techniques: Liquid He4: (i) Physical properties of normal liquid, (ii) P-T phase diagram, (iii) superfluidity in He4, (iv) two-fluid model of liquid He4, (v) introduction to theory of superfluidity Liquid He3: (i) Physical properties, (ii) P-T phase diagram, (iii) superfluidity in He3 and introduction to its theory, Production of liquid He4: (i) thermodynamics, (ii) adiabatic and isentropic expansions,(iii) introduction to some liquefier designs. He3-He4 mixtures: (i) thermodynamic and physical properties of the mixture, (ii) dilution refrigerator. Adiabatic demagnetization: (i) thermodynamic cycles, (ii) Electronic spins,(ii) nuclear spins, (iii) design of an AD fridge.Thermometry and temperature control, principles and instrumentation, Thermometric methods,

Low Temperature Phenomena in Physics: Tunneling in superconductors, Josephson Junctions (AC and DC), Macroscopic quantum interference, SQUID and it’s applications.

Electrons in high magnetic field: magnetic quantization and Landau Levels, Integral quantum Hall effect (QHE). Laughlin;s Theory and Fractional quantum Hall effect.

Low dimensional conducting system: Classical, Ballistic and Diffusive transport regimes, Ballistic transport in constriction and nanowires: Conduction as transmission, quantization of conductance and Landuer Formalism.Coulomb blockade and single electron tunneling transistor (SET). The 2D-Wigner crystal, Quantum 2D melting and the metal-insulator transition in zero field.

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