M.Tech. VLSI Design & CAD:Hardware – Software Co-designThapar University
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First Semester I
Physics of Semiconductor Devices
IC Fabrication Technology
Digital VLSI Design
CAD Systems Environment
Analog IC Design
Hardware Description Languages
Hardware – Software Co-design
Programming languages for embedded systems: desirable characteristics of programming languages for embedded systems, low-level versus high-level languages, main language implementation issues: control, typing, exception handling, modularity and multi-threading. Major programming languages for embedded systems: Assembly, C/C++, Ada, Java and Esterel.
Timing characteristics of embedded systems: hard, soft and firm systems; fail-safe and fail-operational systems. Guaranteed-response, best-effort, event and time-triggered systems. Timing constraints in embedded systems.
Performance analysis of embedded systems: software timing characterization and analysis methods.
Runtime and Operating systems: real-time and non-real time applications. Task assignment and scheduling: characteristics of tasks, task assignment and multi-tasking. Static and dynamic scheduling under constraints.
Memory management and synchronization for embedded software: mutual exclusion, deadlock, starvation and lockouts; priority assignment, inversion; event flags and signals.
Software optimization techniques under constraints: size, performance, embeddability metrics.
Compilation techniques for embedded software: code generation, retargetability, code optimization.
Examples of embedded and real-time software systems. Real time databases: transaction handling and consistency management.