Master in Physiotherapy (MPT) (Orthopaedics/ Neurological Science/ Cardio pulmonary Science/ Community Based Rehabilitation/ Paediatrics/ Sport)JRD Global EDU
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· What are the objectives of this course?
MPT SPECIALIZATION JOBS
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What you'll learn on the course
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PAPER – I BASIC SCIENCES
1. Work physiology
Physiological and physical work
Ergonomic aspects of work, energy transfer, oxygen intake and oxygen debt, cardio-respiratory and thermo regulatory changes during muscular work.
Body composition, nutrition and caloric balance. Obesity and weight control.
Individual and environmental factors influencing muscle work and environmental control.
Fatigue assessment and scientific organization of work rest regimes to control fatigue.
Cardiovascular and respiratory dynamics (including neuro-humoral control)
Acute effect of steady level exercise on following parameters – blood flow, heart rate, blood pressure and temperature, respiratory rate, acid base balance, body temperature and fluid-electrolyte balance and subtract utilization.
Nutritional deficiencies, effects and management.
Conditioning effects of various levels of submaximal exercises.
Physiological movements – biophysics of connective tissue, response to mechanical loading.
Articular neurophysiology and principles of applications
Characteristics and components of electrotherapeutic stimulation systems and characteristic and components of electro physical assessment devices.
Electrical excitability of muscle and nerve and composition of peripheral nerves.
Muscle plasticity in response to electrical stimulation.
Neurobiology of afferent pain transmission and central nervous system mechanisms of pain modulation.
Electrical stimulation and circulation.
Clinical electrophysiological testing
Bioelectricity (RMP- action potential)
Neurotransmitters. Synapse and synaptic transmission.
Classification – muscle fibers, nerve fibers and motor units.
Propagation of nerve impulse and physiology of muscle contraction.
Reflex - classification and properties.
Sensations – pathways and classification.
Type of nerve injury and Wallerian degeneration.
Applied electrotherapy – Instrumentation electrodes . EMG - normal and abnormal, application of NCV Application of NCV i.e. Sensory/motor. F wave . H reflex. Blink reflex. SSEP
Material properties of bones and soft tissues.
Internal and external forces during posture and activities.
Biomechanics of respiration, circulation, hand function and gait.
Methods of kinetics and kinematics investigation, anthropometrics measurements. 188.8.131.52. Neural
control of locomotor functions. Forces, equilibrium, livers – laws, mechanical advantage, material
properties of bones and soft tissues. Applied mechanics in the evaluation procedures. Analysis of
functional hazards related to environment/industry and clinical reasoning for the appropriate ergonomic
advice. Applied mechanics in the application of prosthesis, orthosis and mobility aids – materials,
designs and bio-mechanical compatibility .
4.History Of Physiotherapy Education And Practice .
History of Physiotherapy and developments
5. Principles of Physiotherapy Education
Strategies of teaching , Planning of teaching, Organization, writing lesson plans, Audio visual aids, Teaching methods – Socialized teaching methods.
6. Education Technology
Education, Educational aims, Agencies of education, Formal and informal education, Major philosophies of education (naturalism, idealism, pragmatism, realism) including Gandhi and Tagore. Modern and contemporary philosophies of education (Existentialism, Progressivism, Reconstructionism, Perennialism).Philosophies of education in India – past, present and future. Role of educational philosophy, Current issues and trends in education.
Concepts of teaching and learning: Theories of teaching, Relationship between Teaching and Learning, Psychology of Education, Dynamics of behavior, Motivational process of learning, Perception, Individual differences, Intelligence personality.
Curriculum: Curriculum committee, Developments of a curriculum for P.T.,Types of curriculum, Formation of philosophy,Courses objectives.Placing, Course placements, Time allotment. Selection and organization of learning experience master plans of courses. Master rotational plan – individual rotational plan, Correlation of theory and practice, Hospital and community areas for clinical instruction, Clinical assignments, Current trends and curriculum planning.
Principles and methods of teaching : Strategies of teaching, Planning of teaching, Organization, writing lesson plan, Audio visual aids, Teaching methods – Socialized teaching methods.
Measurement and evaluation : Nature of measurement of education, meaning, process, personal, Standardized, Non-standardized tests. Steps of constructing a test, measurement of cognitive domain, assessment techniques of affective and psychomotor domains, administering scanning and reporting. Standardized tools, important tests of intelligence, attitude, instrument, personality, achievement and status scale. Programme evaluation Cumulative evaluation.
Guidance and counseling : Philosophy, principles and concepts, Guidance and counseling, Services of student and faculty. Faculty development and development of personnel for P.T. services.
7. Research methodology and biostatistics.
Meaning of research, objectives, motivation and type of research.
Research process and criteria for good research. Problems encountered by researchers in India and defining the research problem.
Research design and sampling design.
Measurement and scaling techniques.
Methods of data collection Processing and analysis of data. Sampling fundamentals.
Testing of hypothesis and Chi square test
Analysis of variance and co-variance. Role of computer in research and ethical concepts. Ethics Management and Planning.
P.T Ethics: Morals and ethics, Ethical analysis of moral problems,
Ethical issues in physical therapy,
Physical therapy and Law : Medico-legal aspects of physical therapy, Liability, Negligence, Malpractice, Licensure, Workman’s compensation.
Management and Planning: P.T. Department management policies and procedures recruitment, Interview, Orientation probationary period, Salary, Hours of work, Leave facilities, Retirement, Referred policy, Equipment maintenance records, Statistics, Functioning, Department planning, design and construction, Planning and innovation, Growth and expansion, Type and size of hospital, Services and activities, Space requirements, Number of functional area, elements, Occupancy time, Gymnasium, Patient waiting areas, storage facilities, lighting, Floor surfaces.
Physical and Functional diagnosis-I Clinical examination in general and declaration of movement dysfunction.
Principles of pathological investigations and imaging techniques related to neuromuscular, skeletal and cardiopulmonary disorders with interpretation.
Developmental screening, development diagnosis, neurodevelopment assessment and motor learning – Voluntary control assessment.
Anthropometric measurements . Muscle strength, endurance and skills.
Cardiac efficiency tests and spirometry.
Fitness test for sports.
Psycho-physiological and neuro-psychological tests.
Electro-diagnosis, clinical and kinesiological electromyography and evoked potential studies.
Biophysical measurements, physiotherapy modalities, techniques and approaches. Electro-diagnosis, conventional methods, electromyography, sensory and motor nerve conduction velocity studies, spinal and somatosensory evoked potentials. ICIDH and ICF .
Advanced Physiotherapeutics - 1 .
Physiotherapy in pain management such as electromagnetic radiations, ultrasound, electro acupuncture etc.
Maternal and child care in general physiotherapy.
Applied neuro anatomy and neuro physiotherapy .
Theories of motor learning.
Therapeutic biofeedback and psychosomatic training.
Combination therapy. Functional training – respiratory exercises, training for feeding, bladder and bowel training, coughing and compression, artificial respiration, inhalation therapy and intensive care unit procedures.
Yogasanas and Pranayama
Physiological and therapeutic principles of yoga .
Yogasanas for physical culture, relaxation and meditation. Application of Yogasanas in physical fitness, flexibility, cardiac rehabilitation and neuromotor learning.
Pranayama and respiratory physiology. Kriyas and their physiological significance. Therapeutic application of yoga. Yoga – a holistic approach
Acupuncture – definition, principles, techniques, physiological effects, indications, contra-indications, dangers and integration of acupuncture with physiotherapy.
Magneto therapy . Naturopathy
History of manual therapy, overview of manual therapy approaches for all the joints
Clinical reasoning and differential clinical diagnosis based on different approaches such as – Maitland, Kaltenborne, Cyriax, Mulligan and McKenzie.
Soft tissue approaches – myofascial release techniques, neural tissue mobilization, muscle energy techniques (MET) .
COURSE CONTENTS – II YEAR MPT
Physical and functional diagnosis – II
Massage, mobilization and manipulations.
Aids and appliances, adaptive functional devices to improve neurological dysfunction.
Inhibition and facilitation techniques.
Exercise ECG testing and monitoring.
Pulmonary function testing.
Cardiovascular function disorders and principles of management, cardio respiratory function disorders and assessment.
Physical disability evaluation and disability diagnosis.
Gait analysis and diagnosis
Advanced physiotherapeutics (medical) II
Physiotherapy in common conditions of skin.
Physiotherapy in common vascular diseases.
Physiotherapy in deficiency diseases.
Physiotherapy in respiratory disorders.
Physiotherapy management of ischemic heart disease.
Cardiopulmonary medications and their effects on activity performance.
Exercise planning and prescriptions.
Ergonomic aspects of exercise on oxygen, energy consumption, MET value of various exercises and activity.
Effect of aerobic, anaerobic as well as isometric and isokinetic exercise on cardiac functions 14.2.10. Physiotherapy in psychiatry.
Management of pain in neurological and musculoskeletal disorders.
Physiotherapy management in arthritis and allied condition.
Advanced physiotherapeutics (surgical) II
Physiotherapy management of postoperative patients in cardiopulmonary disorders
Monitoring systems and defibrillator. Artificial respirators.
Physiotherapy in postoperative management of metabolic, hormonal, neoplastic and infective conditions of bones and joints .
Physiotherapy following arhtroplasty, implants and soft tissue repairs.
Pre and post operative physiotherapy in tendon transfer. Electrical stimulation and biofeedback procedures. Physiotherapy management following head injuries, in intensive care and neurosurgical procedures.
Physiotherapy following general surgery.
Physiotherapy following urosurgery.
Physiotherapy following plastic surgery.
Physiotherapy management following selective and common cases of oncologic surgeries.
Physiotherapy following obstetric and gynecological.
1. Congenital & hereditary Disorders
2. Disorders of cerebral circulation
3. Head Injury
4. Spinal Cord Injury
5. Disorders of Peripheral nerves
6. Disorders of cranial nerves
7. Disorders of muscles
Neurosurgical disorders 2
1. General Principles of neurosurgery
2. Disorders of CSF Fluid & circulation
3. Cerebral malformations
4. Spasticity management
5. Surgical repair of peripheral Nerves
6. Muscle lengthening/ Release
7. Management of an unconscious Patient
8. ICU management of a neurologically ill patient
Advanced Physiotherapy Treatment approaches:
1. Neurodevelopment technique
2. Bo bath
6. Rood’s Approach
7. Pain management
8. Gait Training
9. Wheelchair Prescription
12. Relaxation technique
13. Pediatric Neurophysiotherapy
14. Geriatric Neurophysiotherapy
15. Assistive Technologies and its role in Neurorehabilitation
16. Prosthetics and Orthotics in Neurorehabilitation