Ph.D. Animal HusbandryDr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
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Ph.D. Animal Husbandry
India has basically been an agricultural country and it is likely to continue to be so for a long time to continue. At present 70 per cent of Indians depends for their livelihood on agriculture. Thirty percent of land holdings are held by 70 per cent of small and marginal farmers who held 80 per cent of the total livestock in the country. Crop agriculture in India depends mainly on bullocks, which contribute approximately 40,0000 MW of power to agriculture.
The production and use of animal products in the human diet is receiving tremendous attention. With object in view, the need of developing Animal Husbandry is recognized very well. The other objectives are to provide animal power for farming, adoption of better land use pattern, the land which is not suited for arable cropping should be put under grass or tree so much needed for protection of soil. Among other objectives of Animal Husbandry, the utilization of agro-industrial byproducts for converting those in to valuable animal products so much needed by all of us. The creation of thousand of employment opportunities through out the year by adopting animal industry on large scale shall also be a part of the objectives of animal husbandry in India.
It is therefore essential to have the basic knowledge to the students of agriculture about the animal husbandry and dairying for animal production, milk production and milk products.
The dairy unit was established with a small herd of cows and buffaloes in the year 1958 with the object to impart training to the under¬graduate students of agriculture. With the establishment of Agricultural University, the college dairy was converted in to University Livestock Instructional Farm in the year 1969 and was shifted to the present premises in the year 1971. The objects of maintaining the cows and buffaloes at Livestock Instructional farm Akola are:
1. To cater the need of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programme.
2. To fulfill the requirement of research facilities
3. To provide the milk for research, students and staff members.
A small unit of dairy was available (about 178 animals of all category) before the formation of University. During those days, this unit was maintained mainly for the teaching purpose of undergraduate course. With the formation of University, the postgraduate classes were started which has demanded the need of increase in livestock and housing facilities. Accordingly new structures were constructed in 1972 to accommodate about 250 to 300 animals of various categories. Purchasing some animals and transferring few animals from college of Agriculture, Nagpur increased the herd strength. Thus, from 1972 onwards the herd strength of dairy unit at Akola was between 250 - 300 animals.
Efforts are being made to maintained and conserve the nine different breeds of indigenous cows with the help of artificial insemination technique.
It is rather very difficult to demark the herd strength essential for carrying out the teaching and research programme. The requirement of animals for research will depend upon the nature and type of research project, number of treatments involved and number of students working time. At present, the undergraduate strength is nearly 500 students in various semesters. The animal husbandry and dairy courses are offered in First, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth semesters and experimental courses during eight semester. A batch of 30 students is posted practical class. With regard to Postgraduate classes, strength of 20 students are admitted (10 students for Animal Husbandry and 10 students for Dairy Science in major field). Research programme is also carried out for partial fulfillment of the postgraduate teaching programme. Therefore, all the students will have to conduct the project on animals from various categories. The involvement of animal strength in research programme will depend upon the nature project.
The present housing facilities available at dairy unit are sufficient for 290 animals. Thus, the strength worked out can be accommodated within present resources. There are 8 different types of sheds. However present structure needs some modification & repairs. The work of repair is in progress