Telecommunication Systems, (Milan)

HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute
In Central London (England), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates), Abuja, Nigeria (Nigeria) and 29 other venues

£ 15,000 - (Rs 12,28,229)

Important information


Suitable for: This course is designed for: Mobile Telecommunication Services Operators, Technicians, IT personnel, Media Personnel, Electrical Engineers, Project Engineers, Design Engineers, Site Engineers, and those who are responsible for the engineering, design, construction, installation, inspection,operation, or maintenance of electrical grounding systems in the telecommunication facilities

Important information

Requirements: Degree or Work Experience


Where and when

Starts Location
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Khalifa Street, 44486, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
See map
Abuja, Nigeria
Cadastral Zone A0, Central Business District, Abuja, 7069, Nigeria, Nigeria
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Kirkos Subcity Kebele, 21555, Ethiopia, Ethiopia
See map
Algiers, Algeria
Pins Maritimes, 16000, Algeria, Algeria
See map
Amman, Jordan
Bin Ali Street, 11118, Jordan, Jordan
See map
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Damrak 1-5, 1012, Noord Holland, Netherlands
See map
See all (32)

What you'll learn on the course

Ethernet training
ISDN training
Frame relay
3G training
IT Security
Network Training
Voice Over IP Concepts

Course programme

Course Contents:

Voice Over IP Concepts

  • The Transition to Digital
  • Analog Signals-Slower, More Prone to Errors
  • Digital Signals
  • Adding Meaning to Signals-Codes and Bits
  • A Byte = A Character
  • Baud Rate Versus Bits per Second-Electrical Signal Rates Versus Amount of Information Sent
  • Codes-Adding Meaning to Bits
  • Measuring Speed and Capacity
  • Broadband Service-Multiple Data Streams
  • Improving Utilization-Compression and Multiplexing
  • Compression-Shrinking Data to Send More Information
  • Multiplexing-Let's Share
  • Interoperability-Protocols and Architectures
  • Protocols-A Common Set of Rules
  • Architectures-How Devices Fit Together in a Network
  • Types of Networks-LANs, MANs, and WANs
  • LANs-Local Area Networks
  • LAN and WAN Devices-Higher Speeds, Lower Prices
  • Home LANs-Sharing High-Speed Internet Access
  • MANs-Metropolitan Area Networks . . . Links Within Cities
  • WANs-Wide Area Networks . . . Links Between Cities
  • Higher Speed Services for LAN Traffic
  • Carrier and Internet Service Provider Networks

VoIP Systems, Circuit Switched PBXs and Cabling

  • Telephone Systems-Voice over IP, PBXs, and Centrex Systems
  • What Is a Private Branch Exchange (PBX)?
  • IP PBXs for the Enterprise
  • Impetus for Change
  • Architecture of IP-Based Systems . . . How the Pieces Fit Together
  • Voice Quality and Security
  • Barriers to Acceptance of Voice over IP
  • Endpoints-IP Telephones Connected to Layer 2 Switches
  • PBX Trunks-Switch-to-Switch Connectivity
  • Demarcation-The Location at Which Telcos Wire Trunks
  • Circuit Switched PBXs-Proprietary Platforms
  • Centrex-Telephone Company Supplied Service
  • IP Centrex-Phone Companies Hosting Voice Over IP
  • Direct Inward Dialing-Bypassing the Operator for Incoming Calls
  • Key Systems-Multi-featured for Smaller Organizations
  • Hybrid PBX/Key Systems
  • Wireless Options for PBXs
  • Advanced Applications for Telephone Systems
  • Call Accounting-Billing Internal Departments
  • Call Detail Recording for Carriers-Generating Data for Billing
  • Voice Mail-Storing and Retrieving Messages
  • Voice Mail Components
  • Unified Messaging Integration of Voice Mail, Fax Mail, and E-mail
  • Unified Messaging Systems on the LAN
  • Multi-application Platforms in Carrier Networks
  • Speech Recognition

Industry Overview

  • The Bell System after the 1984 Divestiture
  • Divestiture of the Bell System from AT&T in 1984
  • The Decline of AT&T
  • Independent Telephone Companies- Mostly in Rural Areas
  • The Emergence of Local Competition Prior to 1996
  • Competitive Access Providers (CAPs) to Bypass Access Fees
  • Uneven Competition for Local Telephone Service Throughout the U.S.
  • The Critical Nature of Facilities
  • Factors Leading to Passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996
  • Wireless Services for Local Exchange Service-Spectrum Auctions
  • The Telecommunications Act of 1996
  • Universal Service Fund-Affordability and Availability
  • Post Telecommunications Act of 1996 Developments
  • FCC Rulings, Legal Challenges, and Progress Toward Deregulation
  • FCC Enforcement of Access to Local Networks after Bells Gain In-Region Long Distance
  • Impact of the Telecommunications Act of 1996
  • State of the Industry . . . Key Segments
  • Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs) Post-1996 Mergers
  • Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers (ILECs)
  • Agents
  • Resellers
  • Wholesale Carriers-Carrier-to-Carrier Sales
  • CLECs-A Dwindling Industry Segment
  • CLECs-Local, Data, and Long Distance Services
  • Pending Purchase of AT&T and MCI-The Impact of Consolidation
  • Shrinking Numbers of Competitors-Financial Turmoil
  • What Went Wrong?
  • Intermodal Competition-Cable TV, Wireless, and Utilities
  • Cable TV Multiple Service Operators (MSOs)-Wired to the Max
  • Mobile Wireless Services
  • Utilities-The Third Pipe
  • Regulatory Issues
  • Unbundled Network Elements (UNEs)-Competitors Leasing Parts of RBOCs' Networks
  • The Impact of Higher Leasing Rates
  • Regulating Cable Modems-Cable, Information, or Telecommunications Services?
  • Voice Over IP-Regulatory Issues
  • Access Fees-A Shift in Balance Between Local and Long Distance Costs

VoIP, the Public Switched Telephone Network, and Signalling

  • Convergence in Public Networks
  • Circuit Switching-Network Inefficiencies and Convergence
  • Impediments to Adoption-Training, Embedded Assets, User Adoption, and Fear of the Unknown
  • VoIP Networks-Putting the Pieces Together
  • Softswitches-Standards-Based Platforms for Call Control
  • Media Gateways (Border Elements)-Switching and Interoperability Between Networks
  • Peer-to-Peer Music, Instant Messaging, Online Games, and VoIP
  • Outsourcing-The Role of IP
  • Voice Over Broadband for Residential Consumers
  • Voice Over IP Service in Homes
  • Customer Acquisition-Agents, Retail Outlets, and
  • Document Sharing and Online Web conferencing
  • Web conferencing to Share Documents
  • The Public Switched Telephone Network
  • Switched Services-Local and Long Distance Calling
  • Attributes of Real-Time Switching Services
  • Store-and-Forward Switching-Nonsimultaneous Sending and Receiving
  • "The Last Mile" or Access Networks
  • End and Tandem Central Offices
  • Wireless Local Loop-Low Customer Acceptance
  • Broadband Over Power Lines-Telephone Signals Over the Same Fiber that Carries Electricity
  • Carrier Hotels-Interconnecting Carriers and Providing Secure Space for Equipment
  • Interconnections Between Carriers-Transport
  • Signalling-The Glue that Holds the PSTN Together
  • Overview of Signalling-Uniform Signalling Developed by AT&T
  • Signalling System 7-Links Between Carriers
  • SS7 Components
  • VPNs and Specialised Network Services
  • Virtual Private Networks-Remote Access and Interoffice Connections
  • Rationale for Virtual Private Networks Between Offices
  • Productivity Away from the Office-VPNs for Remote Access
  • Virtual Private Network Technology
  • Security-Firewalls, Protection Against Viruses, and Other Attacks
  • Frame Relay-A Shared Wide Area Network Service
  • Access to Frame Relay-56 Kilobits to T-3
  • Frame Relay to Access Other Networks
  • Frame Relay Service-Permanent Virtual Circuits and Committed Information Rate
  • Voice on Frame Relay-Instead of Private Lines
  • Dedicated, Private Lines
  • Dedicated Services-Wide and Metropolitan Area Networks
  • Network Topologies-How Sites Are Connected
  • T-1-24 Paths and T-3-672 Paths Over One Telephone Circuit
  • T-1: 1,544,000bps; E-1: 2,048,000bps Speeds
  • T-3, J-3, and E-3-North America, Japan, and the Rest of the World
  • A Fat Pipe for Data-Unchannelized T-1
  • T-1 Inefficiencies-Time Slots Running on Empty
  • CSU/DSUs-Digital Modems: Testing and Clocking
  • ISDN-Integrated Services Digital Network
  • Basic Rate Interface ISDN-Higher Usage in Europe and Japan Than the United States
  • Primary Rate Interface ISDN-23 Bearer and One Signaling Channel
  • NT1s and TAs: Modem-Like Devices for ISDN
  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)-An Interim Technology or a Vehicle for Video and IP?
  • The DSL Marketplace
  • Business Class DSL-Static IP Addresses
  • DSLAMs-Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers
  • Television Over DSL Service-ADSL2+ and VDSL2
  • DSL-No Truck Roll; Self Service
  • Gigabit Ethernet
  • Ethernet Sales Channels
  • Challenges to Wider Deployment
  • Multiplexers Equipped with Reconfigurable Optical Add and Drop Multiplexers (ROADMs)
  • Ethernet Enterprise Service-Internet, VPN Access, and Private Lines
  • ATM-Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • ATM's Speed Is Due to Three Characteristics
  • DSLAMs and ATM-Oversubscription
  • Mapping IP and Ethernet Traffic onto ATM
  • Elements of an ATM Network
  • SONET-Synchronous Optical Network
  • Optical Carrier (OC): North American; Synchronous Transport Mode (STM): International
  • SONET Rings-For Greater Reliability
  • Second Generation-Next Generation SONET
  • SONET with Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Capability
  • Third Generation SONET-Connectivity to Ethernet
  • SONET Offerings for Enterprises
  • Entertainment, Cable TV, and Last - Mile Fibre systems
  • Cable TV Architecture-Upgrades, Capacity, Speed, and Reliability
  • Cable TV Offerings
  • Set-Top Boxes-Interfaces to Satellite TV and Cable TV
  • Direct Broadcast Satellite TV-Reaching Customers Wirelessly
  • Broadcast, Over-the-Air Television
  • Towers-Terrestrial Wireless Transmissions
  • Affiliates-Transmitting Programming to Consumers
  • Digital Television-Less Spectrum Used, Improved Quality
  • Digital Cable TV-Lower Resolution Than HDTV
  • Digital TV Standards Worldwide
  • Digital Delivery-Entertainment over the Internet
  • U.S. Postal Mail with E-commerce for Movie Delivery
  • Digital Radio-Subscription Versus Advertising Support
  • HD Radio--High Definition Radio
  • Passive Optical Networking
  • PONs-Fiber to the Premises, Curb, Basement, or Neighborhood; FTTx
  • Passive Optical Network Standards
  • The Internet
  • The Evolution of the Internet
  • UNIX, Telnet, and File Transfer Protocol
  • World Wide Web-Based on the Client Server Model
  • Internet Advisory Boards
  • Peering-To Exchange Data Between Carriers
  • ISPs: With Software Platforms for Enhanced Offerings
  • Hosting-Outsourcing Web Pages
  • Messaging and the Growth of Spam
  • Multimedia Attachments-Photographs, Movies, and PowerPoint
  • E-mail Formatted in HTML-Another Vehicle for the Spread of Viruses
  • Spam-Clogging Inboxes with Junk Mail
  • Interactivity Tools: Usenet, Chat, Mailing Lists, and Blogging
  • Internet Addresses
  • Registries-Management of Entire Top-Level Domains
  • Registrars-Assigning Domain Names to Organizations
  • Thirteen Root Servers Worldwide-The Basis for Internet Routing
  • Assignments of Numeric IP Addresses to ISPs and Carriers
  • Public and Private IP Addresses
  • Portals, Search Engines, and E-commerce
  • Portals-The Door to the Internet
  • Search Engines-Vehicles for Advertising Revenue
  • Electronic Commerce
  • Advertising on the Web-Instant Access to Offers
  • Popular E-commerce Sites
  • Privacy Concerns, Commerce, and National Security
  • Freedom of Speech, Access to Information, and Protection of Children
  • Intranets and Extranets
  • Intranets-Web Technology for Corporate Access
  • Extranets-Web Access for Customers, Partners, and Vendors
  • Mobile Services
  • The Development of Cellular Networks
  • Cellular, Wireless, Cordless, and Mobile
  • Precellular Mobile Networks
  • First Generation Analog Cellular-Advanced Mobile Phone Services (AMPS)
  • Second Generation Digital Mobile Air Interfaces
  • Frequency
  • Ranges of Frequency-Spectrum Blocks
  • Spectrum Caps-Limiting the Amount of Spectrum Per Carrier
  • Allocation
  • Implication of Spectrum Ranges
  • Spectrum for Higher-Speed 3G Services
  • Unlicensed Spectrum for 802.11 and WiMAX
  • Multiband Versus Multimode
  • Mobile Carriers
  • The United States
  • Europe
  • China
  • India
  • The Structure of Second Generation Digital Mobile Networks
  • A Cell Site-Connections Between Customers and Mobile Networks
  • Switching and Signaling
  • Coverage Gaps-Rural Locales, Inside Buildings, and Congested Metropolitan Areas
  • Number Portability-Wireless to Wireless and Wireline to Wireless
  • Roaming Using Mobile Devices in Other Networks
  • Push-to-Talk-Mobile Walkie-Talkie Service
  • Enhanced 911
  • The Criticality of Mobile Networks-Emergency Preparedness
  • Evolving to Third Generation Packet Networks
  • Comparing Third Generation Technologies
  • The Transition to WCDMA-GPRS and Then EDGE
  • WCDMA-Wideband Code Division Multiplexing
  • The Evolution to CDMA2000 1X (Voice and Data) and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO (Data Optimized-High Data Rate)
  • 3G Compatible Handsets-Multimode Capabilities for Roaming
  • The Path to IP Converged 3G Networks
  • 802.20: IP Mobile Broadband Wireless Access-MobileFi
  • Mobile Networks for Video-Using Incompatible Technologies
  • Mobile Commerce, Enhanced Services, and Operating Systems
  • The Battle for Operating System Dominance
  • Camera Phones
  • Ring-Back Tones-Mobile Music Instead of Ringing
  • Mobile Commerce-Mobile Devices to Make Purchases
  • The IP Multimedia System and Interoperable Multimedia
  • 3G Applications for Enterprises
  • Specialized Mobile Radio-Slow-Speed Packet Data and Push-to-Talk
  • Specialized Mobile Radio-Packetized Data Networks for Two-Way E-mail and Field Services
  • Satellites and Paging
  • Satellite Networks
  • Satellite Telephones-For Emergencies and Remote Areas
  • VSAT Service-Small Satellite Dishes
  • Paging Services

Wi-Fi, Wireless Broadband, Sensor Networks, and Personal Area Networks

  • 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)
  • The Terms 802.11, WLAN, and Wi-Fi
  • The Criticality of Standards
  • The Main Standards: 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g
  • 802.11n-Improving Range (Area Covered), Capacity, and Data Rates
  • WLAN Infrastructure: Access Points and Switches
  • In Enterprises
  • Hotspots-Wi-Fi Inside Public Places
  • In Homes-To Avoid Running Cables
  • Wi-Fi Networks for Voice Over IP (VoIP)
  • Managing Security on WLANs
  • Compared to 3G: Mobility, Coverage, and Data Rates
  • Broadband Wireless Access
  • WiMAX: Broadband Access, Based on 802.16
  • Adapting 3G for Wireless Broadband Access: UMTS TDD and WCDMA
  • Personal Area Networks (PANs)
  • Bluetooth
  • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Ultra-Wideband-High-Speed, Short Distance Links
  • Sensor Networks-The 802.15.4 Standard
  • ZigBee-A Protocol For Sensor Networks

Additional information

Telecommunication Systems - Leading to Diploma-Postgraduate, Progressing to Postgraduate Diploma, Accumulating to MA, MBA, MSc, Incorporating Voice Over IP, VoIP Systems, Circuit Switched PBXs and Cabling, VoIP, the Public Switched Telephone Network, and Signalling (Milan)