B A in Geography (General)

University of Kalyani
In Bardhaman

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Important information

Typology Bachelor
Location Bardhaman
Duration 3 Years
  • Bachelor
  • Bardhaman
  • Duration:
    3 Years


Where and when

Starts Location
On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
See map
Starts On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
See map

Course programme

Paper – I : Physical Geography
Group – A : Geomorphology
1. Structure of the interior of the earth.
2. Influence of rocks on topography
3. Broad outline of Plate Tectonics and major crustal formations: Fold mountains,
trenches, island-arcs.
4. Evolution of landforms under Flu vial, Marine and Aeolian processes
5. Cycle of erosion (after Davis)
Group- B: Climatology
1. Insolation and Heat Budget
2. Horizontal and Vertical distribution of temperature and pressure
3. Greenhouse effect (
4. Tropical disturbances: Thunderstorm and Cyclone
5. Monsoon mechanism
6. Climatic classification after Koppen
Group – C : Bio-geography
1. Origin of soils.
2. Processes of Profile development
3. Properties of soil : Physical and Chemical
4. Concept of Zonal, Azonal and Intrazonal soils
5. Concepts of Ecosystems and Biomes
6. Plant types and distribution (Halophyte, Xerophyte, Hydrophyte, Mesophyte,Tropophyte)
7. Plant and animal communities of the following biomes:
i) Tropical rainforest
ii) Savannah
iii) Hot desert

Paper – II : Human Geography and Regional Geography of India
(No. of lecturers –100) 100 Marks
Group –A : Social Geography
1. Growth and distribution of world population
2. Migration : Types, causes and consequences of migration
3. Contemporary Social issues : Adult Literacy, poverty, gender issues
Group –B : Economic Geography
1. Sectors of the economy: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary:
Changing emphasis through time
2. Forms of economy:
i) Tribal Economies: hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation of India
ii) Traditional economies: Intensive Subsistence Farming: Rice in India
iii) Modern Economies: Commercial grain farming and mixed farming
3. Cottage, small scale and large -scale industries-general
characteristics and examples.
4. Location, problems and prospects of Indian industries
a) Agro-based : Cotton textile industry
b) Forest-based : Paper industry
c) Mineral-based : Iron and steel industry
Group – C : Regional Geography of India
1. Concept of regions : formal and functional : scale -
2. Broad physiographic regions of India
3. Vagaries of Indian monsoon and its impact : problem of flood and
4. Forest resources of India: issues concerning deforestation
5. Problems of soil erosion and conservation in India
6. Regions of India
a) Agricultural Regions of India: special reference to Punjab -Haryana wheat belt
b) Industrial Regions of India : special reference to Hooghly industrial belt
c) Planning Regions of India: special reference to D VC Region
d) Biotic Regions of India: special reference to Sundarban of West Bengal.
7. Racial and ethnic diversity in India : associated problems with special reference
to tribal population

Paper – III : (Practical)
1. Concept of Scale: drawing of Linear Scale
2. Projection by Graphical method: concept and major classifications:
Simple Conic with One Standard Parallel, Cylindrical Equal Area,
Polar Zenithal Stereographic
3. Cartograms: Pie graph, Bar graph (simple and compound)

4. Statistics:
a) Nature and classification of data.
b) Process of tabulation and graphical representation: histogram, Frequency
polygon, cumulative frequency curve.
c) Measures of central tendency: mean, median and mode
d) Measures of dispersion: range, mean deviation, quartile decile and percentile
and deviation.
5. Interpretation of Indian Daily Weather map under the following heads 15 Marks

i) Atmospheric pressure
ii) Wind direction & speed
iii)Sky condition
iv) Precipitation
Weather maps of:
a) Pre-monsoon
b) Monsoon
c) Post-Monsoon
6. Field Work and Viva voce
Field Work in village within the district near the institution covering
the following aspects :
a) Land-use Survey and its Presentation on a Mouza map(Cadastral)
b) Collection of door to door data through Questionnaire Survey, representation of the
data by Statistical methods and Cartograms
c) Preparation of a report covering Physiography, Drainage, Climate, Vegetation, S oil,
Population, Mining, Fishing, Foresty, Irrigation, Agriculture, Animal Rearing,
Industry, Transport, Settlement, Land use, Folk Culture -whichever is applicable.
Maps and diagrams should not be more than 15 pages of A4 size. The report should
not be more than 1500 words. Report should be hand written (dry letters are not permitted).
7. Laboratory Note Book and Viva -Voce -

Paper – IV : Applied Geography
Group –A : Land use and Settlement Geography
1. Concept and attributes of land
2. Objective and principles of landuse
3. Rural Settlements : evolution, nature and characteristics, effect of physical environment
4. Urban settlements : definition, morphology and function
Group –B : Remote Sensing and Thematic mapping
1. Definition of Remote Sensing, different methods of remote sensing ; air photo and
satellite imagery
2. Aerial Photo : Characteristics, interpretation
3. Satellite Imagery : types of satellite imageries, characteristics of IRS imageries
4. Definition, objective and principles of thematic mapping (e.g. climatic map, economic
and population)

Paper –IV (Practical)
(a) Toposheet Interpretation:
1. Basis of numbering and scale of topographical sh eets
2. Interpretation of 1:50,000 toposheets : plateau region and extraction of geographical
information from maps, interpretation and explanation with suitable sketches, profiles
and transect charts under the following heads :
Relief, drainage, natural vege tation, transport and settlement
*3.Preparation of land use map from Aerial photographs (Drawing and interpretation) (8+4)
4.Lab. Note Book and Viva -Voce

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