University of Kalyani
In Bardhaman

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Important information

Typology Bachelor
Location Bardhaman
Duration 3 Years
  • Bachelor
  • Bardhaman
  • Duration:
    3 Years


Where and when

Starts Location
On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
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Starts On request
: University of Kalyani, Kalayani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, West Bengal, India
See map

Course programme

Part - I
Paper – I

Group A :

1. Atomic structure :

2. Periodic Properties :
Atomic and ionic radii, covalent radii, differe nt electro-negativity scales, ionization energy and
their periodic trends.
3. The nature of chemical bond

4. Principles of chemical analyses

5. Aliphatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives

6. Alcohols and ethers : 3L

7. Aldehydes and Ketones : 5 L

8. Organic compoundscontainingnitrogen : 6 L

University of Kalyani General Course in Chemistry
9. Carbohydrates : 4 L

10. Kinetic theory of gases : 4 L
Distribution of molecular velocities, root mean square speed, elementary
kinetic molecular theory of ideal gases , deduction of kinetic gas equation –
p= ⅓mnċ2, deduction of gas laws.
11. Real gases : 4 L
Deviation from ideal behavior, vander Waals equation, Andrew’s
experiments, critical phenomena in the light of Vander walls equation of state,
continuity of state.
12. First and second laws of thermodynamics : 7 L
Cyclic process, reversible and irreversible process, internal energy, enthalpy,
work done in isothermal and adiabatic process, heat capacity, C p-Cv = R for an
ideal gas.
Carnot cycle, elementary treatment of entropy, free energy, work
function and criterion of equilibrium, Gibbs - Helmholtz equation, Clausius -
Clapeyron equation and its applications.
13. Principles of thermo chemistry : 4 L
Exothermic and endothermic reactions, Hess Law, heat of formation, heat of
combustion , heat of neutralization, bond energy, bomb calorimeter, thermo chemical
14. Dilute solution : 6L

Part - II
Paper II
Group A (Inorganic) : Coordination compounds, chemistry of elemen ts,
radiochemistry(50) 50L
1. Coordination compounds: 14 L

2. Chemistry of elements : 28 L
a) Trends in electronic configuration, oxidation states, properties of i) alkali
metals, ii) alkaline earth metals, iii) coinage metals.
b) Extraction, purification, uses and principal compounds of Cr, Ni, Ag, Au
c) Preparation, properties and uses of the following :
i) diborane, borohydrides, boron nitride
ii) silicones , silicates, freons, fluorocarbons
iii) hydrazine, hydroxylamine
iv) peracids and persalts of sulphur
v) interhalogens, pseudo halogens, basic properties of iodine
vi) compounds of xenon (details of bonding excluded)
3. Radiochemistry : 8 L
Uses of radio-isotopes in i) agriculture, ii) medicine and iii) chemical
analysis; radiocarbon dating , fission and fusion reactions -nuclear energy,
hazards of radioactivity.
Group – B (Organic) : Stereo chemistry of organic compounds, mechanism of
organic reactions, benzene and its derivatives, phenols
25 L
University of Kalyani General Course in Chemistry
4. Stereo chemistry of organic compounds : 9 L

5. Mechanism of organic reactions : 8 L
SN1 and SN2 reactions; E1 and E2 reactions; aromatic electrophilic and
nucleophilic substitution.
6. Benzene and its derivatives :
Isomerism of aromatic compounds, their nomenclature , structure of benzene,
stability of benzene ring, Huckel’s rule of aromaticity and its simple demonstration ; aryl halides.
7. Phenols :
Synthesis, physical properties, acidic character of phenols, chemical reactions - Reimer – Tiemann
reactions,Fries rearrangement, Kolbe reaction, Claisen rearrangement, cresols, nitro and amino phenols,
polyhydroxy phenols.
Group – C (Physical) : Viscosity, surface tension, electrolytic conductance, emf,
ionic equilibria, chemical kinetics
8 . Viscosity :
Definition, determination by Ostwald viscometer, variation with temperature
for liquids and gases.
9. Surface tension :
Definition,determination by stalagmometer, variation with concentration and temperature.
10. Electrolytic conductance :
Specific , equivalent and molar conductance’s, their variation with concentration in
case of strong and weak electrolytes, measurement of conductance, Kohlraush law of
independent migration of ions, ionic mobility and conductance, transference number,
conducto metric titrations.
University of Kalyani General Course in Chemistry
11. EMF :

13. Chemical kinetics :
Rate, order and molecularity of reaction, rate constants of first and second order reaction, half -life period,
influence of temperature on reaction rate, activation energy, determination of order of reaction.
Paper - III

Group – A (Inorganic)

1. Qualitative analysis :
Systematic semi micro qualitative analysis of simple mixture containing not more than two basic radicals
and one acid radical from the following list (spot tests are to be applie d wherever possible) :
Lead, bismuth, copper, cadmium, antimony, tin, iron, aluminum, chromium,
zinc, manganese, cobalt, nickel, calcium, strontium, barium, magnesium, potassium, ammonium and their
oxides, chlorides, bromides, iodides, sulphides,
sulphates, nitrates, borates, and phosphates, ( acid insoluble compounds and phosphate separation omitted ),
boric acid .
University of Kalyani General Course in Chemistry
2. Quantitative analysis
i) Determination of iron II) by KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7 solution iii) Determination of copper(II)
using sodium thiosulphate solution(iodometry)
3. Laboratory note book
4. Viva-voce 5 marks
Group – B (Organic)

1. Qualitative analysis :
detection of elements (nitrogen, chlorine, bromine, iodine (mixture of halide excluded), uns aturation and
all the functional groups (phenolic hydroxyl, aldehyde, ketonic carbonyl, carboxylic acid, aromatic amino,
nitro, amide)
present in a supplied mono or bifunctional solid organic compound.
2. Quantitative analysis :
i) Estimation of vitamin C in multivitamin tablets (containing sufficient amount of vitamin C)/
citrous fruits ( by 2,6 – dichlorophenol / indophenols indicator)
ii) Estimation of aniline
3. Laboratory note book
4. Viva-voce
Part - III
Paper – IV (Theory)
A : Principles of biological chemistry
1. Amino acids and proteins :
Methods of synthesis of α-amino acids, physical properties, zwitter ionic structure, isoelectric point,
peptide synthesis (elementary ideas), familiarity with different types of structure of proteins.

2. Nucleosides and nucleotides :
Different nucleo bases : adenine, guanie, cytosine and thymine; structure and function of
nucleosides and nucleotides, DNA and RNA (preliminary idea)
3. Bio- inorganic chemistry
Role of the metal ions (major trace and ultra trace) in biological sys tem,
metal ion transport across biological membrane Na + / K+ pump, coordination chemistry of chlorophyll and
hemoglobin and their function in living system.
Toxic metal ions and their effects, chelation therapy, ( examples only ), platinum and gol d complexes
as drugs ( examples only ), metal dependent diseases. Organo mercury and lead compounds and their
effects arsenic poisoning - detection and remedies .
4. Surface chemistry
Adsorption, adsorption isotherm, Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm, electro kinetic phenomena,
electrical double layers, zeta potential, electrophoresis.
5. Colloids and Macromolecules :
Types of colloids, isoelectric point , coagulation, peptization,emulsions and gels, thixotropy, micelle,
cmc, average molecular mass .
B : Application oriented chemistry :
1. Industrially important compounds :
i) Preparation and uses of aspirin, paracetamol, phenobarbital,
ii) Fats and oils : natural fat, edible and inedible oil of vegetable origin, common fatty acids,
glycerides, hydrogenation of unsaturated oil; detergents, production of toilet and washing
soaps, detergent powder, liquid soap.
iii) Pesticides : DDT, gamaxene, aldrin, methion, decamithrin.
iv) Cosmetics and perfumes : hair spray, hair dyes, creams, lipsticks, talcum powder, face powder
, tooth powder, tooth paste, shampoos, β -phenyl ethyl alchol, jasmine, cevetone, geraniol.
v) Food additives : food-flavor , food-colour, food preservatives and arti ficial sweeteners – uses
and abuses of these substances in food and beverages.
vi) Polymers : nylon 66, polyester, synthetic rubber.
C : i) Catalysis : criterion of catalysis, mechanism of catalytic action, enzyme
catalysis , industrial catalysts. 5 L
ii) Phase rule : Phase rule (deduction excluded), phase diagram of H 2O, S, 5L
Nernst distribution law, steam distillation.

Paper – V (Physical)

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