HISTORY OF TAMIL NADU UPTO 1967
Introduction: Influence of Geography & Topography on the history of Tamil Nadu – Sources of Tamil Nadu History – Races & Tribes – Pre-history of Tamil Nadu.
Sangam Period: Chronology of the Sangam – Early Chera, Chola & Pandyas – Administration, Economy, Trade & Commerce – Society – Religion – Art & architecture.
The Kalabhras – The Early Pallavas, Origin – First Pandyas Empire – Later Pallavas Mahendravarman & Narasimhavarman, Pallava Administration, Society, Religion, Literature, Art & architecture.
The Chola Empire: The Imperial Cholas & The Chalukaya Chola, Administration, Society, Education & Literature.
Second Pandyan Empire: Political History, Administration, Social Life, Art & architecture.
Madurai Sultanate – Tamil Nadu under Vijaynagar Rulers: Administration & Society, Economy, Trade & Commerce, Religion, Art & architecture – Kumarakampana’s expedition to Tamil Nadu, Battle of TAlikoda in 1565.
Nayaks of Madurai: Viswanatha Nayak,Muthu Virappa Nayak, Tirumala Nayak, Mangammal, Minakshi.
Nayaks of Tanjore: Sevappa Nayak, Raghunatha Nayak, Vijaya Raghava Nayak.
Nayaks of Jingi: Vaiyappa Tubaki Krishnappa I, Krishnappa II, Nayak Administration, Life of the people – Culture, Art & architecture.
The Setupatis of Raamanathapuram – The Europeans in Tamil Nadu – Marathas of Tanjore – Ekoji, Serfoji, Tukoji, Sefoji II, Sivaji III.
Tamil Nadu under the Nawabs of Arcot – The Carnatic Wars, Administration under the Nawabs – TheMysoreans in Tamil Nadu – The Poligari System.
The South Indian Rebellion – The Vellore Mutiny – The Land Revenue Administration & Famine Policy – Education under the Company – Growth of Language & Literature in the 19th & 20th centuries – Organization of Judiciary – Self respect movement.
Tamil Nadu in Freedom struggle: Tamil Nadu under Rajaji & Kamaraj, Anti Hindi Agitation, Growth of Education.
Books for Reference:
Name of Author (s)
Name of Book & Publisher
Studies Madras Administration, 2 Vols, Madras, 1949.
“The Dravidian Movement in Madras” in State Politics in India, 1967.
Studies of Tamil Literature & History.
Rise & Fulfillment of British rule in India.
The Dravidian Movement
The Tamils 1800 years ago.
Tamil country under Vijaynagar.
Krishnaswami Aiyangar, S.
Beginning of South Indian History, Ancient India & South Indian History & Culture.
Kanchipuram in the early South Indian History & Culture.
History & Culture of Indian People.
Administration & Social life under the Pallavas.
Ryotwari System in Madras.
Social History of the Tamils.
History of Madurai
South Indian Rebellion: The First War of Indian Independence; Administration & Society of Carnatic, A History of British Diplomacy in Tanjore; Rise & Fall of the Poligars in Tamil Nadu; History of Tamil Nadu upto 1556; History of Tamil Nadu from 1556 to the present day.
The Early History of the Madras Region.
Some influences that made the British Administrative System.
A History of South India; The Cholas; The Sangam Age; The Pandyan Kingdom.
Srinivasa Aiyangar, P.T.
History of The Tamils.
The Sangam Policy; History of Tamil Nadu upto 1526.
Nayaks of Tanjore.
Historiography & Historical Methods: Definition of History – History of Philosophy Teaching by Examples – Scope & Purpose of History – Kinds of History – Science of Art – Nature of History – Differences between Science & History – Similarities between Science & History – History & Other Social Science – History – A confluence of science & Art – Objectivity in Historical Writing – Concept in Historical writing – Uses of History – Uses & Abuses of History – Lessons of History.
Nature of causation – The role of individuals & ideas – Agent of providence – Great men theory – Reasons for individual prominence & authority – Role of ideas – Theory of repetition – The concept of progress.
History of Historical Writing: Historical writing in Ancient Greece – Herodotous – Thucydides – Xenophon – Polybius – Greek Historiography – Historical writing in ancient Rome – Titus Livy – Cornellius Tacitus – The history of Roman Historiography – Christian historical writing – Eusebius – St. Augustine – Character of Cghristian historiography.
Modern Europe – Renaissance – Machiavelli – Cartesianism – Montesquieu – Anti-cartesianism – Giambattista Vico – Enlightenment – Edward Gibbon – Romanticidealism – Immanuel Kant – Hegel & philosophy of history – J.S. Mill & Utiltarianism – Scientific Socialism.
Western historians – Niccolo Machiavelli – Under the republic – Montesquieu – Giambatista Vico-Anit-Cartesianism – Edward Gibbon – Kant: The Threshold of Scientific History – Hegel: Dialectical Idealism – Johan Stuart Mill – Auguste Comte – Karl Marx: Dialectical Materialism – Oswald Spengler – G.M. Travelyan – Arnold Toynbee – Chinese Historical Writing – Muslim Historiography – Umayyad Dynasty – Abbasid Dynasty – Early formal History – Ibn-Khaldun – Mamluks - Indian Historical writings of various historical era – Kalhana – Al-Biruni – Zia-Ud-Din-Barani – Abul Fazl – Sir Jadunath Sarkar – K.A. Nilakanta Sastri – R.G.Majundar.
Theory of History: Philosophy of history – Theological interpretation – Secular interpretation – Agents & laws – Historical determination – Free will doctrine – History & Freedom – Historicism – Dialectical materialism – Relativism.
HISTORY OF EUROPE (1789 – 1914)
Louis XV & XVI, French Revolution – causes course & result – work of National Assembly – Regions of Terror – the Directory – Coalition against France – Napoleon Bonaparte – Civil Administration – wars – Continental system – failure – estimate.
The congress of Vienna – The Holy Alliance – Concert of Europe – Matternich – Louis XVIII & Charles X of France – 1830 Revolution - Louis Phillipe – 1848 Revolution & its effect.
The Third French Republic (1871 – 1914): Introduction – National Assembly & Provisional Government – Paris Revolution – Reconstructions & Reforms – Government of Thiers & its downfall – Constitution – Parliamentary Republic – Politics – Administrative policies – Colonialism. Foreign Policy of Various European Countries: Foreign Policy of Italy (1870-1914): Introduction – Colonial policy – Relation with various countries – Alliances – Relation with Great Britain, Russia & China. Russia (1796 – 1914) – Russia under the Czars – Policies of the Czars – Various wars – revolutions & discontents.
The Eastern Question: Definition – Decay of the Ottman Empire – The Subject peoples of Turkey – Revolution in the Balkans – Greek War of Independence – Growth of War - Turko-Egyptian war – The Crimean War – Causes Events of the war – Consequences – The Russia-Turkish War – Young Turk Movement of 1908 & its impact – The Balkan states: Greece – Moldavia & Wallachia – Bulgaria after 1878 – The Kingdom of Rumania – The Kingdom of Serbia – The Bosnian Crisis – Role of other Nations - Results – The Balkan Wars (1912 – 1913) – Second Balkan War – Germany Between 1870 – 1914.
Causes of the First World War – System of Alliance – German Responsibility – Balance of Power – Arms Race – Narrow Nationalism & Competitive Patriotism – Various Competitions among the European Powers – Morocco Crisis – The Murder of Austrian Prince & his wife – course of the First World War – Wars at various Fronts – End of the War - Cause for the success of Allies – Results of the First World War – Treaty of Versailles & other Treaties – Problems of Minorities.
The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia – Causes of the Russian Revolution – February Revolution – Provincial Government - The Bolshevik Revolution – Results of the Bolshevik Revolution.
Italian Unification – German Unification – Napolean III – Socialism – Joseph Proudhan – Michael Bakunin – Prince Peters Kropotkin – Engels – Saint Simon – Robert Owen – Charles Fourier.
CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT FREEDOM STRUGGLE IN INDIA
East India Company – duel System in Bengal – Regulating Act – 1773 – Pitt’s India Act 1784 – Charter Acts of 1793, 1813, 1833 & 1853 – Causes & Effects of the Mutiny of 1857 on the development of the constitution – India under the Crown – Indian Councils Acts of 1861, 1892- Minto-Morley Reforms 1909 – Central & Provincial governments according to the Act of 1919 – Simon Commission’s Report – Round Table conferences & India’s Reactions – Central Government according to 1935 – Provincial government according to the Act of 1935 Provincial Autonomy – Constitutional Deadlock & August Offer from Cripp’s Mission to Mountbatten Plan – Indian Independence Act 1947 – Making of the Constitution of India – India’s National Constitution Union Executive State Executive – Union Parliament – State Legislative – Union & States – Judiciary – Amendments of the Constitution – Development of Public Services – Local Government.
Rebellion against Company Rule in South India – The Vellore Mutiny – Revolt of 1857 – Act of 1858 – Queen’s Proclamation 1858 – Social & Religious Reform Movements in the Second half of the 19th century – Birth of Indian National Congress – Extremist Movements of the Congress 1885 – Partition of Bengal 1905 – Movements abroad for India’s Freedom – Rise & Growth of communalism in India – Home Rule Movement – Lucknow Pact – First World War – Diarchy in the Provinces – Congress-Reaction – Rowlatt Act – Amritsar – Tragedy – Khilafat Agitation – Non co-operation Movement – Swaraj Party – Simon Commission – Recommendations of the Commission – The Nehru Report – Jinnah’s Fourteen Points – Lord Irwin’s Proclamation – Civil Disobediences Movement – Repression by Government – Round Table Conferences – Resumption of Civil Disobedience Movement – Communal Award – Poona Pact – White Paper Reforms 1933 – Elections in 1937 – World War II & Constitutional Deadlock – Offer of the 8th August 1940 – Individual Satyagraha – Subhas Chandra Bose & the Indian National Army – Proposals of Sir Stafford Cripps – The Great Upheaval of August 1942 – C.R. Formula – Wavell Plan – Simla Conference – Declaration of Atlee & Wavell – Cabinet Mission Plan – Direct Action by the Muslim League – Establishment of Interim Government – Partition of India – Mountbatten Plan of 3rd July 1947 – Princely States & their role in Freedom struggle – Factors responsible for the Independence of India – Some Leaders of Freedom Struggle.
Books for References:
Book Name / Publisher
Constitutional History of India & National Movement
The Indian Revolt of 1942
India Wins Freedom
Banerjee, A.C. & Chandran D.S.
Making of the Constitution, 2 Vols.
Making of Mahatma
Social Background to Indian Nationalism
Indian National Movement & Constitutional Development
Thomson & Garatt
Rise & Fulfillment of British Rule in India
The Great Divide
Constitutional History of India
The National Movement in India, 2 Vols.
History & culture of the Indian People Vol. IX & X, British Paramountcy & Indian Culture.
The Sepoy Mutiny & the Revolt of 1857 Vol. 1 - 3.
Last Days of British Raj
How India Last Her Freedom.
East India Company 1784 – 1834.
History of Freedom Struggle.
History of British India.
History of Indian National Congress, Vols. 1 – 2.
Sir Verney Lorett
A History of the Indian Nationalist Movement
Oxford History of India.
History of the Freedom Movement Vols. 1 – 4.
Constitutional History of India, Vol. 2.
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (1776 – 1963)
The American War of Independence – The Confederation period 1781 – 1789 – Making of the Constitution – George Washington – Domestic & Foreign Policies – Rise of Political Parties – John Adams – The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson – The War of 1812 – The Monroe Doctrine – Andrew Jackson – Rise of Nationalism – Westward Expansion – Sectionalism & Slavery - Civil War – Role of Abraham Lincoln – Reconstruction – Rise of Big Business – Problems of Big Business - Rise of World Power I (overseas expansion) – Rise of World Power II (the American War 1898) – Rise of World Power III – (the U.S. & the Far East) – Rise of World Power IV (Caribbean & Mexican Policy) – Square Deal – Theodore Roosevelt – Administration, Internal Administration of Woodrow Wilson & the First World War – The Depression – The New Deal – Franklin D. Roosevelt & the Second World War – U.S.A., land of immigrants – American Negroe in the 20th Century – U.S. in the Cold War era – Korean Crisis – U.S. involvement in Vietnam War – Circumstances leading to Civil Rights Movement – Emergence of U.S. as an industrial power.
Book for Reference:
Book Name / Publisher
Diplomatic History of the United States
A Diplomatic History of the United States
A Short History of American Life
Blake, N.M. & Barch, O.T.
The United States in its World Relations
Survey of U.S. History
Canfield L.H. & Wilder, H.B.
The Making of Modern America
Faulkner H.U. & Kepner, T.
America, its history & people
Readings in American History
The Growth of American Republic
Commager, H.S. & Leuchtenbarg, W.B.
Ossley, F.L., Chitwood & Nixton, O.P.
A Short History of American People
A History of the United States of America
A History of the United States
A New History of the United States
The United States & South America.
HISTORY OF EAST ASIA 1840 – 1966
The origin & growth of Manchu dynasty, opening of China.
Japan during the first half of the nineteenth century – Decay of Feudalism – opening of Japan – its results – The first Opium-war (1839-42) its treaties – Second opium war – treaties – results. Taiping rebellion.
An uneasy interlude in China-Frontier relations between China & Russia. The fall of Tolugava shoguns Meiji restoration abolition of feudal domains. Meiji constitution. Modernization of Japan. Reorganization of army & navy-law-industries-National Educational system – agricultural development – Rise of nationalism.
Sino-Japanese war – causes, course, treaty of Shomonoshaki 1895 – results. Three power intervention. Battle for concessions in China – Open door policy. Hundred days reform movement. Boxer uprising – Manchu attempts at reforms – Role of Dowager empress. Anglo-Japanese alliance – Russo-Japanese war – Causes courses – Results – Treaty of Portsmouth. The fall of Manchus – the Revolution of 1911. The life & work of Sun-Yat-Sen. The presidency of Yuan Shi-Kai 1915-16. First World War in East Asia – China & Japan in the peace conference – May fourth movement. Washington conference. … Chinese Nationalism. China Kai Shek. Growth of Militarism in Japan – annexation of Korea – Party Politics – Ultra Rationalism Manchurian Affairs – insurrection of 1936 – Anti cominterm pact.
Second Sino Japanese War – Second World War in East Asia – Japanese occupation of the South East Asia – Surrender.
THE HISTORY OF OTTAMAN EMPIRE 1258 – 1924
Conditions of West Asia in 1258 – Mongol invasion & the disintegration of the Caliphate – Merger of Gazi States – The rise of the Ottaman State – Othman – Orkhan – The Janissaries – Murad I – Bayazid I & Timur’s invasion – Mohammed I & Restoration – Murad II - Muhammed II – His conquests & reforms – Relations between the Ottaman Turks & the Byzantine emperors – Bayazid II – The Mamlukes of Egypt – Salim I – Sulaimans the magnificent – His conquests & the administrative reforms – Salim II & grand Vizir Sokolli – The institutions of the Ottamans – the rule of the Sultanas – The rule of Sultanas II – the decline of the empire – The rule of Koprilli Vizirs – Ahamad Koprilli – The Ottamans relations with Persia – Turkey & Russia during the 18th century – The beginning of the eastern question – Salim III & the beginning of the westernization – Mahmud II – His Reforms – Greek war of independence – Mehmet Ali affairs – Russia & Turkey during the 19th century – Crimean war – Abdul Majid - Tanzimat reforms – Abdul Hamid II – Berlin Congress – Young Turk Movement & 1908 revolution – The Balkan wars – Turkey & First World War – Mustafa Kemel Pasha & the establishment of the Turkish Republic.
Books for Reference:
Book Name / Publisher
The Turkish Reformation
The Partition of Turkey
The Story of Turkey
The Government of the Ottaman Empire
A History of the Nationalism in the East
The Ottaman Empire & its Successor
International Economics & Diplomacy in the near East
Ottaman Empire from 1720 – 1734
The Ottaman Turks & the Arabs
The Capitulatory Regime in Turkey
Toynbee, A.J. & Kirkmood
The Development of Modern Turkey Measured to its Press
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1919 – 1986
Importance of the study of – Prewar world – Europe before 1919 alliance & events – Friction between the power blocks – the causes of the First World War – Results – the peace settlements (1919 – 1923) – Nature of the peace conference & role of the big four – Woodrow Wilson – his fourteen points – Peace treaties & their provisions – the USA & the peace settlement.
The Washington Naval Conference (1921 – 1922) problem of Reparations & inter Allied war debts – problem of security & disarmament (1919 – 1931) – French quest for security (1921 – 1924) – General protocol – 1924 Locarno Pact (1925) – Kellog Briant part or the part of Paris (1928) – the league of Nations – its organizations & its achievements – the world disarmament conference (1932) – the Manchuria crisis (1931) – rise of fascism & its impact upon international relations. Rise of Nazism & its impact upon international relations. The Spanish civil war 1936-39 – the second World War – Evaluation War period. Diplomatic negotiations declarations & conference of the cold war – the Détente – the foreign policy of the Soviet Union – Foreign policy of India: The policy of non-alignment – The foreign policies of Communist China & Japan – Asia in world affairs – Africa in world affairs – Latin America in World Affairs – the third world & economic order – Some outstanding international problems since 1945 – (a) the Korea war – the west Asia problem (1949 – 1973) – the Vietnam problem – South Africa & its Apartheid policy – Disarmament since 1945 – The United Nations Organization an estimate – the common wealth of nations – Regional alliances – Non-Alignment Alliances – SAARC – the problems of world peace – the possibility of forming world Govt. prospects of mankind in the future.
Books for Reference:
Book Name / Name of Publisher
International Relations Since 1914
International Relations between the two World Wars (1919 – 1939)
The Twenty Years Crisis
An Introduction to world Politics
The Relations of Nations
Palmer & Perkins
Survey of International Affairs
Northedge & Griene
A Hundred Years of International Relations (1860 – 1960)
An outline of International History
The World since 1919.