M.Sc in Physics
Master
In Coimbatore
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Master

Location
Coimbatore
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Coimbatore
(Tamil Nadu)
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Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046.
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Course programme
PAPER  I
MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
Unit I: Matrices and determinants
Properties of matrix addition and multiplication  different types of matrices and
their properties  Rank of a Matrix and some of its theorems  solutions to linear
homogeneous and non homogeneous equations  Cramers rule  eigenvalues and
eigenvectors of matrices  differentiation and integration of a matrix
Unit II: Solving of differential equations
Homogeneous linear equations of second order with constant coefficients and
their solutions  ordinary second order differential with variable coefficients and their
solution by power series and Frobenius methods  extended power series method for
indicial equations
UnitIII: Special differential equations and their solutions
Legendre's differential equation: Legendre polynomials  Generating functions 
Recurrence Formulae  Rodriques's formula  orthogonality of Legendre's polynomial;
Bessel's differential equation: Bessel's polynomial  generating functions  Recurrence
Formulae  orthogonal properties of Bessel's polynomials  Hermite differential equation
 Hermite polynomials  generating functions  recurrence relation.
Unit  IV: Laplace Transforms
Laplace transforms: Linearity property, first and second translation property of
LT  Derivatives of Laplace transforms  Laplace transform of integrals  Initial and
Final value theorems; Methods for finding LT: direct and series expansion method,
Method of differential equation; Inverse Laplace transforms: Linearity property, first and
second translation property, Convolution property  Application of LT to differential
equations and boundary value problems
Unit  V: Fourier Series and integrals
Fourier series definition and expansion of a function x  Drichlet's conditions 
Assumptions for the validity of Fourier's series expansion and its theorems  Complex
representation of Fourier series  Problems related to periodic functions  graphical
representation of FS  Fourier integrals  convergence of FS  some applications of
Fourier transforms
PAPER  II
CLASSICAL AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS
Unit I: Lagrangian & Hamiltonian Formalism
Hamiltonian variational Principle Lagrange's equations of motionApplication of
Lagrange's equationLinear Harmonic oscillatorParticle moving under central force
Single particle in space  Cartesian & plane polar coordinates  Atwood's machine
Hamilton's equations of motion Deduction of Hamiltonian's equation from variational
principleApplication of Hamiltonian's equations of motion Linear Harmonic oscillator
Particle moving under central force A bead on a straight Wire  Atwood's Machine 
Principle of least action
Unit II  Canonical transformations and Poisson brackets
Canonical transformation  Generating function  Properties of canonical transformation
 Poisson bracket  Properties of Poisson bracket  constant of motion using Poisson
brackets  Poisson brackets of canonical variables  Poisson's Theorem.  Invariance of
Poisson bracket under canonical transformation  Motion as successive canonical
transformation (Infinitesimal generators). Harmonic oscillator problem using
infinitesimal generators
Unit III: HJ equation, Central force & Small Oscillations
The Hamilton  Jacobi equation for Hamilton's principle function  Harmonic oscillator
problem using Hamilton's  Jacobi method Central force  definition and characteristics
 Two body problem  Equation of the orbit  Classification of orbits  Stable & unstable
equilibriumLagrange's equation for small oscillations Normal modes Normal
frequencies and Normal coordinates  Two masses and three springs  Three coupled
pendulums  Free vibrations of linear triatomic molecule.
Unit IV: Classical Statistics:
Maxwell Boltzmann Distribution Law(no derivation) Evaluation of Constants
Maxwell's Law of Distribution of VelocitiesMost Probable, Mean, Mean Square and
Root Mean Square Speeds Principle of Equipartition of EnergyPartition Function Total Internal Energy of an Ideal GasMolar Heat Capacity of a gas at Constant Volume
EntropyHelmholtz Free EnergyPressure and Equation of State of an Ideal Gas.
Unit V: Quantum Statistics:
BoseEinstein Distribution Law(no derivation) BE Energy Distribution for energies in
the range E to E+dECondition for BE Distribution to approach MB DistributionBose
Temperature BoseEinstein CondensationPlanck's Law from BE Law FermiDirac
Distribution Law(no derivation) FD Law for energies in the range E to E+dEFermi
EnergyEffect of TemperatureEnergy Distribution CurveFree Electrons in a Metal
Comparison of MB, BE and FD Statistics.
PAPER  III
QUANTUM MECHANICS  I (Elective)
Unit I: Equation of Motion & Application of Schrödinger's Equation:
State VectorsHilbert SpaceDirac NotationDynamical Variables as OperatorsChange
of BasisUnitary TransformationEquation of Motion in Schroedinger Picture,
Heisenberg Picture & Dirac Picture.
Unit II: Approximate Methods:
Time Independent Perturbation Theory in NonDegenerate CaseGround State of Helium
AtomDegenerate CaseStark Effect in HydrogenVariation Method & its Application to
Hydrogen MoleculeWKB Approximation.
Unit III: Time Dependent Perturbation Theory:
Time Dependent Perturbation TheoryFirst and Second Order TransitionsTransition to
Continuum of StatesFermi Golden RuleConstant and Harmonic PerturbationTransition
ProbabilitiesSelection Rules for Dipole RadiationCollisionAdiabatic Approximation
Unit IV: Angular Momentum
Orbital Angular MomentumSpin Angular MomentumTotal Angular Momentum
OperatorsCommutation Relations of Total Angular Momentum with Components
Ladder OperatorsCommutation Relation of Jz with J+ and J  Eigen Values of J2, Jz 
Matrix Representation of J2, Jz, J+ and J  Addition of Angular Momenta Clebsch
Gordon CoefficientsProperties.
Unit V: Relativistic Wave Equation:
Klein Gordon EquationPlane Wave EquationCharge and Current DensityApplication
to the Study of Hydrogen Like AtomDirac Relativistic Equation for a Free Particle
Dirac MatricesDirac Equation in Electromagnetic FieldNegative Energy States.
PAPER IV
PRACTICAL  I
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Young's modulus  Corn's method
2. Rydberg constant  hydrogen and solar spectrum
3. Photosensitive devices
4. Tracing of equipotential surfaces
5. Polarizability of liquids
6. Determination of charge of an electron
7. Arc spectra  copper  iron and brass
8. Michelson interferometer  l and d l
9. Compressibility of liquids
10. Xray powder photograph
11. Hall effect in semiconductors
12. Determination of wavelength of  HeNe laser/diode laser using reflection grating
and diffraction grating.
13. Refractive index of liquids  usingHeNe laser/diode laser
14. Determination of optical absorption coefficient of a material  using
HeNe laser /diode laser
15. Measurement of laser parameters using HeNe laser/diode laser
16. To determine the dielectric constant of liquids and solids
PAPER  V
COMPUTATIONAL METHODS AND PROGRAMMING
Unit  I
Bisection method  Convergence of Bisection method  False position method.
Convergence of False position method  Newton Raphson method  convergence of
Newton Raphson method  Secant method  Convergence of secant method  Method of
successive approximation (Iteration Method)  Convergence of iteration method  Basic
Gauss elimination method  Gauss elimination with partial pivoting  Gauss Jacobi
iteration method  Gauss Seidal iteration method  Inversion of a matrix using Gauss
elimination method.
Unit II
Power method to find dominant eigen value  Inverse power method to find all
eigen values  Jacobi method  (only 2x2 and 3x3 matrices ) Forward Backward and
central differences  Gregory Newton forward and backward interpolation formula for
equal intervals  Gauss forward and backward interpolation formula  Stirling's formula
 Divided differences  properties of divided differences  Newton's divided difference
formula  Lagrange's interpolation formula for unequal intervals  cubic spline
interpolation
Unit  III
Method of least squares  straight line, parabola, y=axn, y=aebx, y=a+bxn type
curves  sum of squares of residuals for straight line and parabola fit  Newton's forward
and backward difference formula to get the derivatives (First and Second order) 
Divided difference table to calculate derivatives for unequal intervals Newton  cotes
formula  (Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule, Simpson's 3/8 rule, Boole`s rule)  Error
estimates in trapezoidal and Simpson's rule  Gaussian Quadrature method.
Unit  IV
Taylor series method for first order differential equation  Basic Euler method 
Improved Euler method  Modified Euler method  Runge Kulta fourth order method RK4 method for simultaneous first order differential equation RK4 Method for second
order differential equation  Milne's Predictor  Corrector formulae  partial differential
equations  Difference quotients  Graphical representations of partial quotients 
Classification of partial differential equation of the second order  standard and diagonal
five point formula for Laplace equations  solution of laplace`s equations (Liebmann`s
iterations process)
Unit V
Fortran programming  Flowcharts  Fortran constants Fortran variables 
subscripted variables  Input  Output statements  Control statements (Do, If, Goto
structures) subprograms  Function subprogram  subroutine subprograms simple
applications like, Ascending, descending order, matrix manipulation, character handling,
trapezoidal & Simpson's rule.
PAPER  VI
QUANTUM MECHANICS  II
Unit I: Scattering Theory
Scattering AmplitudeExpression in terms of Green's FunctionBorn Approximation and
its ValidityPartial Wave AnalysisPhase ShiftsScattering by Coulomb and Yukawa
Potential
Unit II: Application to Atomic Structure
Central Field ApproximationThomas Fermi ModelHartree's Self Consistent Model
Hartree Fock EquationAlkali AtomsDoublet SeparationIntensitiesComplex Atoms
Coupling Schemes
Unit III: Application to Molecular Structure
Hydrogen Molecule IonHydrogen MoleculeHeitler London MethodCovalent Bond
Spin Orbit Interaction as Correction to Central Field Approximation Hartree Fock Self
Consistent Field Method for MoleculesHybridisation.
Unit IV: Theory of Radiation (Semi Classical Treatment)
Einstein's CoefficientsSpontaneous and Induced Emission of Radiation from Semi
Classical TheoryRadiation Field as an Assembly of OscillatorsInteraction with Atoms
Emission and Absorption RatesDensity Matrix and its Applications
Unit V: Quantum Field Theory
Quantization of Wave Fields Classical Lagrangian EquationClassical Hamiltonian
EquationField Quantization of the NonRelativistic Schroedinger EquationCreation,
Destruction and Number OperatorsAnti Commutation RelationsQuantization of
Electromagnetic Field Energy and Momentum.
PAPER  VII
CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (Elective)
Unit I:
Basics of crystal physics: Forces between atoms  Cohesive energy of ionic crystals  the
Born Haber cycle  the atomic packing theory  the Laue and Bragg's Xray diffraction
theory  Ewald construction  the reciprocal lattice and its important properties 
diffraction intensity  the powder, Laue and rotation/oscillation methods of x  ray
diffraction.
Unit II:
Defects in solids and diffusion theory : Point and line defects in solids  surface
imperfections  Fick's law of diffusion  solution to Fick's second law  different
diffusion mechanism  application of diffusion diffusion in alkali Halides and their ionic
conductivity.
Unit III:
Free electron theory of metals : Drude model of electrical conduction  Lorentz
modification of Drude model  the density of states  Fermi Dirac statistics  effect of
temperature of Fermi Dirac distribution  the electron heat capacity  the Sommerfield
theory of electrical conduction  resistivity in metals  thermionic emission  Hall effect
and its importance
Unit IV:
Phonon theory and thermal conductivity : Lattice vibration of one dimensional mono
atomic and diatomic chains  their dispersion relations  Quantization of lattice vibrations
 inelastic neutron scattering to measure dispersion  classical and quantum theory of
lattice heat capacity (Debye and Einstein theory)  Anharmonic effect.
Unit V:
Band theory and Fermi surfaces : Band theory: Bloch theorem  the Kronig Penney
model  the nearly free electron model  the tight binding model  construction of one,
two and three dimensional Brillouin zones  extended, reduced and periodic zone
schemes  the effective mass of electrons;
Fermi surfaces: Fermi surface in metals  effect of electric and magnetic fields on Fermi
surface  quantization of electron orbit  Anomalous skin effect  the cyclotron
resonance  de Hass von Alphen effect
PAPER  VIII
PRACTICAL  II
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Zener diode Characteristics
2. Regulated power supply  using IC 7809 & 7805
3. IC Regulated dual power supply  using IC 7809 & 7805
4. JFET characteristics
5. JFET amplifier frequency response
6. Operational amplifier  characteristics
7. Operational amplifier  applications  frequency response
8. UJT Relaxation oscillator
9. A stable multivibrator  using Op. amp and transistor
10. IC 555Timer  Study of waveforms
11. Logic circuits  using ICs, AND, OR, NOT, NAND & NOR
12. Study of flip  flops  using ICs
13. Decoder and display circuits  LED & Seven segment display
14. D/A and A/D converter
15. Microprocessor Programming
16. Computer Programming
PAPER  IX
ATOMIC PHYSICS AND MOLECULARSPECTROSCOPY
UNIT  I
Quantum states of one electron atomsAtomic orbitalsHydrogen spectrum
Pauli's principleSpectra of alkali elementsSpin orbit interaction and fine structure in
alkali SpectraEquivalent and nonequivalent electrons.
UNIT  II
Normal and anomalous Zeeman effect  Paschen Back effect Stark effectTwo
electron systemsinteraction energy in LS and JJ CouplingHyperfine structure
(qualitative) Line broadening mechanisms (general ideas).
UNIT  III
Types of moleculesDiatomic linear symmetric top, asymmetric top and spherical
top moleculesRotational spectra of diatomic molecules as a rigid rotorEnergy levels and
spectra of non rigid rotorintensity of rotational lines.
UNIT  IV
IR Spectroscopy: Practical AspectsTheory of IR Rotation Vibration Spectra of Gaseous
Diatomic MoleculesApplicationsBasic Principles of FTIR Spectroscopy.
Raman Spectroscopy: Classical and Quantum Theory of Raman EffectRotation
Vibration Raman Spectra of Diatomic and Polyatomic MoleculesApplicationsLaser
Raman Spectroscopy.
UNIT  V
NMR Spectroscopy: Quantum Mechanical and Classical DescriptionBloch Equation
Relaxation ProcessesExperimental TechniquePrinciple and Working of High
Resolution NMR SpectrometerChemical Shift
ESR Spectroscopy: Basic PrinciplesExperimentsESR SpectrometerReflection Cavity
and Microwave BridgeESR SpectrumHyperfine Structure
PAPER  X
ADVANCED CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS
Unit  I
Theory of semiconductors and dielectrics: Theory of semiconductors:
Classification of semiconductors  direct and indirect semiconductors  intrinsic carrier
densities  population of donor and acceptor levels at thermal equilibrium  extrinsic
semiconductors  temperature dependence on electrical conductivity; Theory of
dielectrics: definition of dielectric constant  sources of dielectric constant
Unit  II
Theory of magnetism in solids: Langevin theory of dia and para magnetism 
Paulis theory of Para magnetism  magnetic resonance  Weis theory of Ferromagnetism 
Ferromagnetic domains  Neel model of antiferro and ferri magnetisms spin wave theory
Unit III
Theory of superconductivity: Critical temperature  persistent current  Meissner
effect  London equation  type I and type II superconductors  Energy gaps in
superconductor  BCS theory  theory of Josephson tunneling  elementary knowledge
on high temperature superconductors.
Unit IV
Growth of thin solid films
Theories of thin film nucleation: the capillary and atomistic model  structural
consequences of thin film nucleation  the four stages of nucleation  thickness
determination by optical interference method  sources of resistivity in metallic thin films
Unit V
Electrical conduction through thin solid films : Ohmic, Neutral and blocking
contacts of metal insulator interface contacts  effect of surface states on the interface 
tunnel effect through thin film insulators  electrode limited conduction process, Pool
Frenkel effect  Space charge limited currents in insulator  Negative Resistance effect
and Memory effect  Principles of HotElectron thin film devices
PAPER  XI
ELECTRONIC DEVICES (Elective)
UNIT  I
Transistors: JFET, BJT, MOSFET and MESFET: Structure, Working ,
Derivations of the equations for I  V characteristics under different conditions. High
Frequency limits.
UNIT  II
Microwave Devices: Tunnel diode, transfer electron devices (Gunn diode).
Avalanche Transit time devices, Impact diodes, and parametric devices.
UNIT III
Photonic Devices : Radiative and nonradiative transitions. Optical Absorption,
Bulk and Thin film Photoconductive devices (LDR), diode photodetector, solar cell
(open circuit voltage and short circuit current, fill factor). LED (high frequency limit,
effect of surface and indirect recombination current, operation of LED), diode lasers
(conditions for population inversion, in active region, light confinement factor. Optical
gain and threshold current for lasing,FabryPerrot cavity Length for lasing and the
separation.
UNIT  IV
Memory Devices: Static and dynamic random access memories SRAM and
DRAM, CMOS and NMOS, nonvolatile  NMOS, magnetic, optical and ferroelectric
memories, charge couple devices (CCD).
UNIT  V
Other Electronic Devices: ElectroOptic, MagnetoOptic and AcoustoOptic
Effects. Material Properties related to get these effects. Important Ferro electric, Liquid
Crystal and Polymeric materials for these devices. Piezoelectric, Electrostrictive and
magnetostrictive Effects, important materials exhibiting these properties, and their
applications in sensors and actuator devices. Acoustic Delay lines, piezoelectric
resonators and filters. High frequency piezoelectric devices Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
PAPER XII
PRACTICAL  III
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Thin film evaporation
2. Thickness measurement
3. Measurement of capacitance and dielectric loss of thin films and calculation of
dielectric constant
4. Breakdown potential of gases
5. Conductivity of fast ionic conductors
6. Frequency dependence  fast Ionic conductors
7. Construction of a wave function for Schrödinger equation
8. Solution of Schrödinger equation by Fourier Grid Hamiltonian
9. Thickness distribution
10. Fabrication of a thin film capacitor
11. Calculation of band gap energy of semi conducting thin films
12. Measurement of resistance by four probe method
13. Collision cross  section for electrons in the discharge tube
14. Average energy of electrons in the discharge tube
15. Dielectric study of fast ionic conductors
16. Thermo luminescence study of fast ionic conductors
17. Radiation dose measurements
18. Determination of Lennard Jone's potential
19. Determination of equilibrium distance by using the potential function.
PAPERXIII
ELECTRODYNAMICS AND PLASMA PHYSICS
Unit I: Electrostatics
Coulomb's law Gauss lawdifferential and integral representation Electric field
Electric potential energy densityMethod of imagesMultipole expansions.
Unit II: Electrostatics in macroscopic media
Potential and Field due to an Electric DipoleDielectric PolarizationExternal Field of a
Dielectric MediumGuass' Theorem in a DielectricElectric Displacement Vector DLinear
DielectricsRelations connecting Electric Susceptibility Χe, Polarization P,
Displacement D and Dielectric ConstantBoundary Conditions of Field Vectors
Molecular FieldClausius Mosotti Relation for NonPolar Molecules Electrostatic
Energy and Energy Density
Unit III: Magnetostatics
BiotSavart Law StatementLorentz Force Law and Definition of BGeneral Proof of
Ampere's Circuital LawDivergence and Curl of BMagnetic Scalar Potential (derivatives)
of expression only)Equivalence of Small Current Loop and Magnetic DipoleMagnetic
Vector Potential (derivation of expression only).
Unit IV: Electromagnetics
Equation of ContinuityDisplacement CurrentDerivation of Maxwell's Equations
Physical SignificancePoynting VectorMomentum in EM FieldElectro Magnetic
PotentialsMaxwell's Equations in terms of EM PotentialsLorentz GaugeCoulomb
Gauge Boundary Conditions at InterfacesReflection and RefractionFresnel's Laws
Brewster's Law & Degree of PolarizationTotal Internal Reflection and Critical Angle
Reflection from a Metal SurfaceWave GuidesRectangular Wave Guide
Unit V
Fluid equations for plasma, equilibrium and stability: Relation of plasma physics
to ordinary electromagnetics, the fluid equations for plasma, fluid drifts perpendicular
and parallel to B, the plasma approximation. Hydromagnetic equilibrium, the concept of
Β, diffusion of magnetic field into a plasma, Classification of instabilities, two stream and
gravitational instabilities.
PAPER  XIV
NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS
Unit  I
Properties of nuclear force  Deutron ground state properties  square well
solution for the deuteron  Neutron proton scattering at low energies  scattering length 
phase shift  Proton proton scattering at low energies  Exchange forces  noncentral
forces  meson theory of nuclear forceUnit  II
Binding energies of nuclei  Liquid drop model (Weizacker's semi empirical
mass formula)  BohrWheeler theory of fission  Evidences for shell effects (Magic
numbers)  Spin orbit coupling of an electron bound in an atom  spin orbit coupling in
nuclei  single particle shell model  parabolic and square well potential  Predictions of
shell model (stability, spin and parities of ground state, magnetic moments, nuclear
isomerism)
Unit  III
Alpha spectrum and fine structure  alpha decay paradox (barrier penetration) 
Beta decay spectrum  Pauli's neutrino hypothesis  Fermi's theory of beta decay 
selection rules for beta decay  parity non conservation in beta decay  gamma ray
emission  selection rules  multipole radiation  internal conversion  nuclear isomerism
Unit  IV
Kinds of nuclear reactions  conservation laws  nuclear cross section  partial
wave analysis of reaction cross section  compound nucleus  reciprocity theorem 
resonance scattering and reaction cross sections  Breit Wigner dispersion formula
Unit  V
Classification of elementary particles  Fundamental interactions  Quantum
number of individual particles (orbital, spin, isospin, strangeness)  Parity  Charge
conjugation  law of conservation of leptons  law of conservation of baryons 
symmetries and conservation laws  (CPT Theorem)  SU(3) multiplets of Hadrons 
Gellmann Okubo mass formula for SU(3) multiplets
DIPLOMA PAPER I
FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOSCALE SCIENCE
Unit I: Basics of Nanotechnology I
Background to Nanotechnology  scientific revolutions  types of
nanotechnology and nanomachines  atomic structure molecules & phases  molecular
and atomic size  surfaces and dimensional space  top down and bottom up Nanoscale
formation
Unit II: Forces between atoms and molecules
Strong intermolecular forces  covalent and coulomb interactions  interactions
involving polar molecules and polarization  weak intermolecular forces and total
intermolecular pair potentials  Van der Waals forces  repulsive forces; special
interactions such as hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions
Unit III: Nanostructures and their properties
Definition of nano systems  dimensionality and size dependent phenomena in
Quantum dots, and Quantum wires  size dependent variation in magnetic, electronic
transport properties
Unit IV: High vacuum technology
Evaporation theory  different sources for evaporation  working principles of
rotary and diffusion pumps  cryogenic pumps  cryo sorption and getter pumps 
vacuum materials
DIPLOMA PAPER II
NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS
Unit I: Solgel processing
Fundamentals of solgel process  solgel synthetic methods for oxides  other
inorganics and nano composites  the Pecheni method  silica gel  Zirconia and Yttrium
gel  aluminosilicate gel  polymer nano composites
Unit II: Film deposition methods
Introduction  fundamentals of film deposition  thermal evaporation  molecular
beam epitaxy  pulsed laser deposition  sputter deposition  chemical vapour deposition
 layer by layer growth and ultra thin films  chemical solution deposition  Langmuir
Blodgelt films.
Unit III: Synthesis of nanostructures
Surface Chemistry and its role to prepare quantum dots  Polymer as quantum dot
size stabilizer  Onedimensional (1D) by Spontaneous Growth  1D structure by VLS
and SLS Growth  Template Assisted Growth  Electrochemical growth of 1D structures
Unit IV: New forms of carbon
Types of nanotubes  formation of nanotubes  methods and reactants  arcing in
the presence of cobalt  laser methods  ball milling  chemical vapour deposition
methods  properties of nano tubes  plasma arcing  electro deposition  pyrolytic
synthesis  Zeolites and templated powders layered silicates.
DIPLOMA PAPER III
CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF NANO MATERIALS
Unit I: Nano characterizing tool 1
Working of Atomic Force Microscopy  Mode of operations (qualitative) and its
application  XRay diffraction basics and its application to Size Analysis of
nanomaterials  NMR Basics and application to Nanomaterials
Unit II: Nano characterizing tool 2
Scanning Electron Microscope: Theory Instrumental setup and its application 
Low KV SEM and its application  Low temperature SEM and its application  working
of electron probe micro analysis and its application in elemental analysis  EDX spectra
Important material systems  optical process in semiconductors  optical process
in quantum wells  semiconducting optoelectronic devices  organic optoelectronic
devices (qualitative)
Unit III: Applications of nanomaterials
Quantum dot IR photo detectors Quantum dot lasers  Synthesis of Zinc oxide
nanomaterials and its application  Synthesis of group three nitride nanostructures and
their applications  SK growth of germanium dots on silicon and its application.
Unit IV: Cell Biology (quantitatively)
Amino acids, Protein structure: Primary, Secondary, teritary, structure of Nucleic
acids  Nucleosides and Nucleotides  physical properties of nucleosides & nucleotides 
base pair  mismatch base pair  stacking  Backbone of Nucleic acids
Antibodies and their use in nano based drug delivery and imaging  Tumor
targeted drum delivery.
DIPLOMA PAPER IV
PRACTICALS
1. Preparation of nano particles by chemical method.
2. Preparation of nano materials by vacuum coating unit.
3. Preparation of nano particles by ball milling method.
4. Processing of particles by plasma torch
5. Characterization of size of nano particles.
6. Characterization of nano particles by using LCR bridge.
7. Construction of virtual bio nanobulas.
8. Interactions of water molecules with bio nanotubes.
9. Polymer nanocomposite
MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
Unit I: Matrices and determinants
Properties of matrix addition and multiplication  different types of matrices and
their properties  Rank of a Matrix and some of its theorems  solutions to linear
homogeneous and non homogeneous equations  Cramers rule  eigenvalues and
eigenvectors of matrices  differentiation and integration of a matrix
Unit II: Solving of differential equations
Homogeneous linear equations of second order with constant coefficients and
their solutions  ordinary second order differential with variable coefficients and their
solution by power series and Frobenius methods  extended power series method for
indicial equations
UnitIII: Special differential equations and their solutions
Legendre's differential equation: Legendre polynomials  Generating functions 
Recurrence Formulae  Rodriques's formula  orthogonality of Legendre's polynomial;
Bessel's differential equation: Bessel's polynomial  generating functions  Recurrence
Formulae  orthogonal properties of Bessel's polynomials  Hermite differential equation
 Hermite polynomials  generating functions  recurrence relation.
Unit  IV: Laplace Transforms
Laplace transforms: Linearity property, first and second translation property of
LT  Derivatives of Laplace transforms  Laplace transform of integrals  Initial and
Final value theorems; Methods for finding LT: direct and series expansion method,
Method of differential equation; Inverse Laplace transforms: Linearity property, first and
second translation property, Convolution property  Application of LT to differential
equations and boundary value problems
Unit  V: Fourier Series and integrals
Fourier series definition and expansion of a function x  Drichlet's conditions 
Assumptions for the validity of Fourier's series expansion and its theorems  Complex
representation of Fourier series  Problems related to periodic functions  graphical
representation of FS  Fourier integrals  convergence of FS  some applications of
Fourier transforms
PAPER  II
CLASSICAL AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS
Unit I: Lagrangian & Hamiltonian Formalism
Hamiltonian variational Principle Lagrange's equations of motionApplication of
Lagrange's equationLinear Harmonic oscillatorParticle moving under central force
Single particle in space  Cartesian & plane polar coordinates  Atwood's machine
Hamilton's equations of motion Deduction of Hamiltonian's equation from variational
principleApplication of Hamiltonian's equations of motion Linear Harmonic oscillator
Particle moving under central force A bead on a straight Wire  Atwood's Machine 
Principle of least action
Unit II  Canonical transformations and Poisson brackets
Canonical transformation  Generating function  Properties of canonical transformation
 Poisson bracket  Properties of Poisson bracket  constant of motion using Poisson
brackets  Poisson brackets of canonical variables  Poisson's Theorem.  Invariance of
Poisson bracket under canonical transformation  Motion as successive canonical
transformation (Infinitesimal generators). Harmonic oscillator problem using
infinitesimal generators
Unit III: HJ equation, Central force & Small Oscillations
The Hamilton  Jacobi equation for Hamilton's principle function  Harmonic oscillator
problem using Hamilton's  Jacobi method Central force  definition and characteristics
 Two body problem  Equation of the orbit  Classification of orbits  Stable & unstable
equilibriumLagrange's equation for small oscillations Normal modes Normal
frequencies and Normal coordinates  Two masses and three springs  Three coupled
pendulums  Free vibrations of linear triatomic molecule.
Unit IV: Classical Statistics:
Maxwell Boltzmann Distribution Law(no derivation) Evaluation of Constants
Maxwell's Law of Distribution of VelocitiesMost Probable, Mean, Mean Square and
Root Mean Square Speeds Principle of Equipartition of EnergyPartition Function Total Internal Energy of an Ideal GasMolar Heat Capacity of a gas at Constant Volume
EntropyHelmholtz Free EnergyPressure and Equation of State of an Ideal Gas.
Unit V: Quantum Statistics:
BoseEinstein Distribution Law(no derivation) BE Energy Distribution for energies in
the range E to E+dECondition for BE Distribution to approach MB DistributionBose
Temperature BoseEinstein CondensationPlanck's Law from BE Law FermiDirac
Distribution Law(no derivation) FD Law for energies in the range E to E+dEFermi
EnergyEffect of TemperatureEnergy Distribution CurveFree Electrons in a Metal
Comparison of MB, BE and FD Statistics.
PAPER  III
QUANTUM MECHANICS  I (Elective)
Unit I: Equation of Motion & Application of Schrödinger's Equation:
State VectorsHilbert SpaceDirac NotationDynamical Variables as OperatorsChange
of BasisUnitary TransformationEquation of Motion in Schroedinger Picture,
Heisenberg Picture & Dirac Picture.
Unit II: Approximate Methods:
Time Independent Perturbation Theory in NonDegenerate CaseGround State of Helium
AtomDegenerate CaseStark Effect in HydrogenVariation Method & its Application to
Hydrogen MoleculeWKB Approximation.
Unit III: Time Dependent Perturbation Theory:
Time Dependent Perturbation TheoryFirst and Second Order TransitionsTransition to
Continuum of StatesFermi Golden RuleConstant and Harmonic PerturbationTransition
ProbabilitiesSelection Rules for Dipole RadiationCollisionAdiabatic Approximation
Unit IV: Angular Momentum
Orbital Angular MomentumSpin Angular MomentumTotal Angular Momentum
OperatorsCommutation Relations of Total Angular Momentum with Components
Ladder OperatorsCommutation Relation of Jz with J+ and J  Eigen Values of J2, Jz 
Matrix Representation of J2, Jz, J+ and J  Addition of Angular Momenta Clebsch
Gordon CoefficientsProperties.
Unit V: Relativistic Wave Equation:
Klein Gordon EquationPlane Wave EquationCharge and Current DensityApplication
to the Study of Hydrogen Like AtomDirac Relativistic Equation for a Free Particle
Dirac MatricesDirac Equation in Electromagnetic FieldNegative Energy States.
PAPER IV
PRACTICAL  I
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Young's modulus  Corn's method
2. Rydberg constant  hydrogen and solar spectrum
3. Photosensitive devices
4. Tracing of equipotential surfaces
5. Polarizability of liquids
6. Determination of charge of an electron
7. Arc spectra  copper  iron and brass
8. Michelson interferometer  l and d l
9. Compressibility of liquids
10. Xray powder photograph
11. Hall effect in semiconductors
12. Determination of wavelength of  HeNe laser/diode laser using reflection grating
and diffraction grating.
13. Refractive index of liquids  usingHeNe laser/diode laser
14. Determination of optical absorption coefficient of a material  using
HeNe laser /diode laser
15. Measurement of laser parameters using HeNe laser/diode laser
16. To determine the dielectric constant of liquids and solids
PAPER  V
COMPUTATIONAL METHODS AND PROGRAMMING
Unit  I
Bisection method  Convergence of Bisection method  False position method.
Convergence of False position method  Newton Raphson method  convergence of
Newton Raphson method  Secant method  Convergence of secant method  Method of
successive approximation (Iteration Method)  Convergence of iteration method  Basic
Gauss elimination method  Gauss elimination with partial pivoting  Gauss Jacobi
iteration method  Gauss Seidal iteration method  Inversion of a matrix using Gauss
elimination method.
Unit II
Power method to find dominant eigen value  Inverse power method to find all
eigen values  Jacobi method  (only 2x2 and 3x3 matrices ) Forward Backward and
central differences  Gregory Newton forward and backward interpolation formula for
equal intervals  Gauss forward and backward interpolation formula  Stirling's formula
 Divided differences  properties of divided differences  Newton's divided difference
formula  Lagrange's interpolation formula for unequal intervals  cubic spline
interpolation
Unit  III
Method of least squares  straight line, parabola, y=axn, y=aebx, y=a+bxn type
curves  sum of squares of residuals for straight line and parabola fit  Newton's forward
and backward difference formula to get the derivatives (First and Second order) 
Divided difference table to calculate derivatives for unequal intervals Newton  cotes
formula  (Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule, Simpson's 3/8 rule, Boole`s rule)  Error
estimates in trapezoidal and Simpson's rule  Gaussian Quadrature method.
Unit  IV
Taylor series method for first order differential equation  Basic Euler method 
Improved Euler method  Modified Euler method  Runge Kulta fourth order method RK4 method for simultaneous first order differential equation RK4 Method for second
order differential equation  Milne's Predictor  Corrector formulae  partial differential
equations  Difference quotients  Graphical representations of partial quotients 
Classification of partial differential equation of the second order  standard and diagonal
five point formula for Laplace equations  solution of laplace`s equations (Liebmann`s
iterations process)
Unit V
Fortran programming  Flowcharts  Fortran constants Fortran variables 
subscripted variables  Input  Output statements  Control statements (Do, If, Goto
structures) subprograms  Function subprogram  subroutine subprograms simple
applications like, Ascending, descending order, matrix manipulation, character handling,
trapezoidal & Simpson's rule.
PAPER  VI
QUANTUM MECHANICS  II
Unit I: Scattering Theory
Scattering AmplitudeExpression in terms of Green's FunctionBorn Approximation and
its ValidityPartial Wave AnalysisPhase ShiftsScattering by Coulomb and Yukawa
Potential
Unit II: Application to Atomic Structure
Central Field ApproximationThomas Fermi ModelHartree's Self Consistent Model
Hartree Fock EquationAlkali AtomsDoublet SeparationIntensitiesComplex Atoms
Coupling Schemes
Unit III: Application to Molecular Structure
Hydrogen Molecule IonHydrogen MoleculeHeitler London MethodCovalent Bond
Spin Orbit Interaction as Correction to Central Field Approximation Hartree Fock Self
Consistent Field Method for MoleculesHybridisation.
Unit IV: Theory of Radiation (Semi Classical Treatment)
Einstein's CoefficientsSpontaneous and Induced Emission of Radiation from Semi
Classical TheoryRadiation Field as an Assembly of OscillatorsInteraction with Atoms
Emission and Absorption RatesDensity Matrix and its Applications
Unit V: Quantum Field Theory
Quantization of Wave Fields Classical Lagrangian EquationClassical Hamiltonian
EquationField Quantization of the NonRelativistic Schroedinger EquationCreation,
Destruction and Number OperatorsAnti Commutation RelationsQuantization of
Electromagnetic Field Energy and Momentum.
PAPER  VII
CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (Elective)
Unit I:
Basics of crystal physics: Forces between atoms  Cohesive energy of ionic crystals  the
Born Haber cycle  the atomic packing theory  the Laue and Bragg's Xray diffraction
theory  Ewald construction  the reciprocal lattice and its important properties 
diffraction intensity  the powder, Laue and rotation/oscillation methods of x  ray
diffraction.
Unit II:
Defects in solids and diffusion theory : Point and line defects in solids  surface
imperfections  Fick's law of diffusion  solution to Fick's second law  different
diffusion mechanism  application of diffusion diffusion in alkali Halides and their ionic
conductivity.
Unit III:
Free electron theory of metals : Drude model of electrical conduction  Lorentz
modification of Drude model  the density of states  Fermi Dirac statistics  effect of
temperature of Fermi Dirac distribution  the electron heat capacity  the Sommerfield
theory of electrical conduction  resistivity in metals  thermionic emission  Hall effect
and its importance
Unit IV:
Phonon theory and thermal conductivity : Lattice vibration of one dimensional mono
atomic and diatomic chains  their dispersion relations  Quantization of lattice vibrations
 inelastic neutron scattering to measure dispersion  classical and quantum theory of
lattice heat capacity (Debye and Einstein theory)  Anharmonic effect.
Unit V:
Band theory and Fermi surfaces : Band theory: Bloch theorem  the Kronig Penney
model  the nearly free electron model  the tight binding model  construction of one,
two and three dimensional Brillouin zones  extended, reduced and periodic zone
schemes  the effective mass of electrons;
Fermi surfaces: Fermi surface in metals  effect of electric and magnetic fields on Fermi
surface  quantization of electron orbit  Anomalous skin effect  the cyclotron
resonance  de Hass von Alphen effect
PAPER  VIII
PRACTICAL  II
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Zener diode Characteristics
2. Regulated power supply  using IC 7809 & 7805
3. IC Regulated dual power supply  using IC 7809 & 7805
4. JFET characteristics
5. JFET amplifier frequency response
6. Operational amplifier  characteristics
7. Operational amplifier  applications  frequency response
8. UJT Relaxation oscillator
9. A stable multivibrator  using Op. amp and transistor
10. IC 555Timer  Study of waveforms
11. Logic circuits  using ICs, AND, OR, NOT, NAND & NOR
12. Study of flip  flops  using ICs
13. Decoder and display circuits  LED & Seven segment display
14. D/A and A/D converter
15. Microprocessor Programming
16. Computer Programming
PAPER  IX
ATOMIC PHYSICS AND MOLECULARSPECTROSCOPY
UNIT  I
Quantum states of one electron atomsAtomic orbitalsHydrogen spectrum
Pauli's principleSpectra of alkali elementsSpin orbit interaction and fine structure in
alkali SpectraEquivalent and nonequivalent electrons.
UNIT  II
Normal and anomalous Zeeman effect  Paschen Back effect Stark effectTwo
electron systemsinteraction energy in LS and JJ CouplingHyperfine structure
(qualitative) Line broadening mechanisms (general ideas).
UNIT  III
Types of moleculesDiatomic linear symmetric top, asymmetric top and spherical
top moleculesRotational spectra of diatomic molecules as a rigid rotorEnergy levels and
spectra of non rigid rotorintensity of rotational lines.
UNIT  IV
IR Spectroscopy: Practical AspectsTheory of IR Rotation Vibration Spectra of Gaseous
Diatomic MoleculesApplicationsBasic Principles of FTIR Spectroscopy.
Raman Spectroscopy: Classical and Quantum Theory of Raman EffectRotation
Vibration Raman Spectra of Diatomic and Polyatomic MoleculesApplicationsLaser
Raman Spectroscopy.
UNIT  V
NMR Spectroscopy: Quantum Mechanical and Classical DescriptionBloch Equation
Relaxation ProcessesExperimental TechniquePrinciple and Working of High
Resolution NMR SpectrometerChemical Shift
ESR Spectroscopy: Basic PrinciplesExperimentsESR SpectrometerReflection Cavity
and Microwave BridgeESR SpectrumHyperfine Structure
PAPER  X
ADVANCED CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS
Unit  I
Theory of semiconductors and dielectrics: Theory of semiconductors:
Classification of semiconductors  direct and indirect semiconductors  intrinsic carrier
densities  population of donor and acceptor levels at thermal equilibrium  extrinsic
semiconductors  temperature dependence on electrical conductivity; Theory of
dielectrics: definition of dielectric constant  sources of dielectric constant
Unit  II
Theory of magnetism in solids: Langevin theory of dia and para magnetism 
Paulis theory of Para magnetism  magnetic resonance  Weis theory of Ferromagnetism 
Ferromagnetic domains  Neel model of antiferro and ferri magnetisms spin wave theory
Unit III
Theory of superconductivity: Critical temperature  persistent current  Meissner
effect  London equation  type I and type II superconductors  Energy gaps in
superconductor  BCS theory  theory of Josephson tunneling  elementary knowledge
on high temperature superconductors.
Unit IV
Growth of thin solid films
Theories of thin film nucleation: the capillary and atomistic model  structural
consequences of thin film nucleation  the four stages of nucleation  thickness
determination by optical interference method  sources of resistivity in metallic thin films
Unit V
Electrical conduction through thin solid films : Ohmic, Neutral and blocking
contacts of metal insulator interface contacts  effect of surface states on the interface 
tunnel effect through thin film insulators  electrode limited conduction process, Pool
Frenkel effect  Space charge limited currents in insulator  Negative Resistance effect
and Memory effect  Principles of HotElectron thin film devices
PAPER  XI
ELECTRONIC DEVICES (Elective)
UNIT  I
Transistors: JFET, BJT, MOSFET and MESFET: Structure, Working ,
Derivations of the equations for I  V characteristics under different conditions. High
Frequency limits.
UNIT  II
Microwave Devices: Tunnel diode, transfer electron devices (Gunn diode).
Avalanche Transit time devices, Impact diodes, and parametric devices.
UNIT III
Photonic Devices : Radiative and nonradiative transitions. Optical Absorption,
Bulk and Thin film Photoconductive devices (LDR), diode photodetector, solar cell
(open circuit voltage and short circuit current, fill factor). LED (high frequency limit,
effect of surface and indirect recombination current, operation of LED), diode lasers
(conditions for population inversion, in active region, light confinement factor. Optical
gain and threshold current for lasing,FabryPerrot cavity Length for lasing and the
separation.
UNIT  IV
Memory Devices: Static and dynamic random access memories SRAM and
DRAM, CMOS and NMOS, nonvolatile  NMOS, magnetic, optical and ferroelectric
memories, charge couple devices (CCD).
UNIT  V
Other Electronic Devices: ElectroOptic, MagnetoOptic and AcoustoOptic
Effects. Material Properties related to get these effects. Important Ferro electric, Liquid
Crystal and Polymeric materials for these devices. Piezoelectric, Electrostrictive and
magnetostrictive Effects, important materials exhibiting these properties, and their
applications in sensors and actuator devices. Acoustic Delay lines, piezoelectric
resonators and filters. High frequency piezoelectric devices Surface Acoustic Wave Devices
PAPER XII
PRACTICAL  III
ANY TWELVE EXPERIMENTS
1. Thin film evaporation
2. Thickness measurement
3. Measurement of capacitance and dielectric loss of thin films and calculation of
dielectric constant
4. Breakdown potential of gases
5. Conductivity of fast ionic conductors
6. Frequency dependence  fast Ionic conductors
7. Construction of a wave function for Schrödinger equation
8. Solution of Schrödinger equation by Fourier Grid Hamiltonian
9. Thickness distribution
10. Fabrication of a thin film capacitor
11. Calculation of band gap energy of semi conducting thin films
12. Measurement of resistance by four probe method
13. Collision cross  section for electrons in the discharge tube
14. Average energy of electrons in the discharge tube
15. Dielectric study of fast ionic conductors
16. Thermo luminescence study of fast ionic conductors
17. Radiation dose measurements
18. Determination of Lennard Jone's potential
19. Determination of equilibrium distance by using the potential function.
PAPERXIII
ELECTRODYNAMICS AND PLASMA PHYSICS
Unit I: Electrostatics
Coulomb's law Gauss lawdifferential and integral representation Electric field
Electric potential energy densityMethod of imagesMultipole expansions.
Unit II: Electrostatics in macroscopic media
Potential and Field due to an Electric DipoleDielectric PolarizationExternal Field of a
Dielectric MediumGuass' Theorem in a DielectricElectric Displacement Vector DLinear
DielectricsRelations connecting Electric Susceptibility Χe, Polarization P,
Displacement D and Dielectric ConstantBoundary Conditions of Field Vectors
Molecular FieldClausius Mosotti Relation for NonPolar Molecules Electrostatic
Energy and Energy Density
Unit III: Magnetostatics
BiotSavart Law StatementLorentz Force Law and Definition of BGeneral Proof of
Ampere's Circuital LawDivergence and Curl of BMagnetic Scalar Potential (derivatives)
of expression only)Equivalence of Small Current Loop and Magnetic DipoleMagnetic
Vector Potential (derivation of expression only).
Unit IV: Electromagnetics
Equation of ContinuityDisplacement CurrentDerivation of Maxwell's Equations
Physical SignificancePoynting VectorMomentum in EM FieldElectro Magnetic
PotentialsMaxwell's Equations in terms of EM PotentialsLorentz GaugeCoulomb
Gauge Boundary Conditions at InterfacesReflection and RefractionFresnel's Laws
Brewster's Law & Degree of PolarizationTotal Internal Reflection and Critical Angle
Reflection from a Metal SurfaceWave GuidesRectangular Wave Guide
Unit V
Fluid equations for plasma, equilibrium and stability: Relation of plasma physics
to ordinary electromagnetics, the fluid equations for plasma, fluid drifts perpendicular
and parallel to B, the plasma approximation. Hydromagnetic equilibrium, the concept of
Β, diffusion of magnetic field into a plasma, Classification of instabilities, two stream and
gravitational instabilities.
PAPER  XIV
NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS
Unit  I
Properties of nuclear force  Deutron ground state properties  square well
solution for the deuteron  Neutron proton scattering at low energies  scattering length 
phase shift  Proton proton scattering at low energies  Exchange forces  noncentral
forces  meson theory of nuclear forceUnit  II
Binding energies of nuclei  Liquid drop model (Weizacker's semi empirical
mass formula)  BohrWheeler theory of fission  Evidences for shell effects (Magic
numbers)  Spin orbit coupling of an electron bound in an atom  spin orbit coupling in
nuclei  single particle shell model  parabolic and square well potential  Predictions of
shell model (stability, spin and parities of ground state, magnetic moments, nuclear
isomerism)
Unit  III
Alpha spectrum and fine structure  alpha decay paradox (barrier penetration) 
Beta decay spectrum  Pauli's neutrino hypothesis  Fermi's theory of beta decay 
selection rules for beta decay  parity non conservation in beta decay  gamma ray
emission  selection rules  multipole radiation  internal conversion  nuclear isomerism
Unit  IV
Kinds of nuclear reactions  conservation laws  nuclear cross section  partial
wave analysis of reaction cross section  compound nucleus  reciprocity theorem 
resonance scattering and reaction cross sections  Breit Wigner dispersion formula
Unit  V
Classification of elementary particles  Fundamental interactions  Quantum
number of individual particles (orbital, spin, isospin, strangeness)  Parity  Charge
conjugation  law of conservation of leptons  law of conservation of baryons 
symmetries and conservation laws  (CPT Theorem)  SU(3) multiplets of Hadrons 
Gellmann Okubo mass formula for SU(3) multiplets
DIPLOMA PAPER I
FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOSCALE SCIENCE
Unit I: Basics of Nanotechnology I
Background to Nanotechnology  scientific revolutions  types of
nanotechnology and nanomachines  atomic structure molecules & phases  molecular
and atomic size  surfaces and dimensional space  top down and bottom up Nanoscale
formation
Unit II: Forces between atoms and molecules
Strong intermolecular forces  covalent and coulomb interactions  interactions
involving polar molecules and polarization  weak intermolecular forces and total
intermolecular pair potentials  Van der Waals forces  repulsive forces; special
interactions such as hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions
Unit III: Nanostructures and their properties
Definition of nano systems  dimensionality and size dependent phenomena in
Quantum dots, and Quantum wires  size dependent variation in magnetic, electronic
transport properties
Unit IV: High vacuum technology
Evaporation theory  different sources for evaporation  working principles of
rotary and diffusion pumps  cryogenic pumps  cryo sorption and getter pumps 
vacuum materials
DIPLOMA PAPER II
NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS
Unit I: Solgel processing
Fundamentals of solgel process  solgel synthetic methods for oxides  other
inorganics and nano composites  the Pecheni method  silica gel  Zirconia and Yttrium
gel  aluminosilicate gel  polymer nano composites
Unit II: Film deposition methods
Introduction  fundamentals of film deposition  thermal evaporation  molecular
beam epitaxy  pulsed laser deposition  sputter deposition  chemical vapour deposition
 layer by layer growth and ultra thin films  chemical solution deposition  Langmuir
Blodgelt films.
Unit III: Synthesis of nanostructures
Surface Chemistry and its role to prepare quantum dots  Polymer as quantum dot
size stabilizer  Onedimensional (1D) by Spontaneous Growth  1D structure by VLS
and SLS Growth  Template Assisted Growth  Electrochemical growth of 1D structures
Unit IV: New forms of carbon
Types of nanotubes  formation of nanotubes  methods and reactants  arcing in
the presence of cobalt  laser methods  ball milling  chemical vapour deposition
methods  properties of nano tubes  plasma arcing  electro deposition  pyrolytic
synthesis  Zeolites and templated powders layered silicates.
DIPLOMA PAPER III
CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF NANO MATERIALS
Unit I: Nano characterizing tool 1
Working of Atomic Force Microscopy  Mode of operations (qualitative) and its
application  XRay diffraction basics and its application to Size Analysis of
nanomaterials  NMR Basics and application to Nanomaterials
Unit II: Nano characterizing tool 2
Scanning Electron Microscope: Theory Instrumental setup and its application 
Low KV SEM and its application  Low temperature SEM and its application  working
of electron probe micro analysis and its application in elemental analysis  EDX spectra
Important material systems  optical process in semiconductors  optical process
in quantum wells  semiconducting optoelectronic devices  organic optoelectronic
devices (qualitative)
Unit III: Applications of nanomaterials
Quantum dot IR photo detectors Quantum dot lasers  Synthesis of Zinc oxide
nanomaterials and its application  Synthesis of group three nitride nanostructures and
their applications  SK growth of germanium dots on silicon and its application.
Unit IV: Cell Biology (quantitatively)
Amino acids, Protein structure: Primary, Secondary, teritary, structure of Nucleic
acids  Nucleosides and Nucleotides  physical properties of nucleosides & nucleotides 
base pair  mismatch base pair  stacking  Backbone of Nucleic acids
Antibodies and their use in nano based drug delivery and imaging  Tumor
targeted drum delivery.
DIPLOMA PAPER IV
PRACTICALS
1. Preparation of nano particles by chemical method.
2. Preparation of nano materials by vacuum coating unit.
3. Preparation of nano particles by ball milling method.
4. Processing of particles by plasma torch
5. Characterization of size of nano particles.
6. Characterization of nano particles by using LCR bridge.
7. Construction of virtual bio nanobulas.
8. Interactions of water molecules with bio nanotubes.
9. Polymer nanocomposite
M.Sc in Physics
Price on request