This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from countries of the former British Empire, including the United States. However, until the early 19th century, it only deals with the literature of the United Kingdom and Ireland. It does not include literature written in the other languages of Britain.
The English language has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the fifth century, are called Old English. Middle English began in the late 11th century with the Norman conquest of England. Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London and the King James Bible as well as the Great Vowel Shift. Through the influence of the British Empire, the English language has spread around the world since the 17th century.
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OPENG 101 – Language and Communication Skills 1. Sentences (i) Basic Sentence types (ii) Coordination and subordination (only finite Clause) (iii) Different Concepts or Notions (such as request, order, question, condition, purpose, suggestion, wishes, hope, intention, obligation, contrast, concession) 2. Theme Writing 3. Word substitution, Idioms and Phrases, Synonyms and Antonyms OPENG 102 –Elizabethan and Augustan Age I 1. Renaissance and Reformation Movements 2. Webster: The Duchess of Malfi 3. Shakespeare: Othello, The Tempest 4. Bacon: Of Truth, Of Death, Of Revenge, Of Adversity, Of Parents, Of Simulation and Dissimulation, Of Single And Married Life, Donne: The Following poems from The Metaphysical Poets (ed. Helen Gardner, Rupa & Company, New Delhi): The Sunne Rising, The Canonization, The Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, Valediction: Of Weeping, The Flea, The Relique, Batter My heart OPENG 103 –Pre-Romantic and Romantic Age I 1. French Revolution and Romantic Movement 2. William Collins: Ode to Simplicity, Ode to Evening 3. Thomas Gray: Ode on the Distant Prospect of Eton College, Ode On the Death of a Favourite Cat, 4. William Wordsworth: Tintern Abbey 5. S.T. Coleridge: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan 6. Shelley: The Cloud, To a Skylark and Keats: