# Master of Science (IT) (M.Sc.IT) Ist Year

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## Important information

Typology | Master |

Location | Bangalore |

Duration | 1 Year |

- Master
- Bangalore
- Duration:

1 Year

Where and when

Starts | Location |
---|---|

On request |
BangaloreS.I.N. Complex,Hesarghatta., 560088, Karnataka, India See map |

Starts | On request |

Location |
BangaloreS.I.N. Complex,Hesarghatta., 560088, Karnataka, India See map |

## Frequent Asked Questions

**Ā· Requirements**

10+2 Pass in any discipline and DCA from any University or HDCA from AISECT

## Course programme

M.Sc. IT - Ist Year

Paper - I

COMPUTER ORGANISATION & ARCHITECTURE

UNIT-I

Digital Logic Circuits : Digital Computers, Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra, Map

Simplification, Combinational Circuits, Flip-Flops, Sequential Circuits.

Digital Components : Integrated Circuits, Decoders, Multiplexers, Registers, Shift

Registers, Binary Counters.

Data Representation : Data Types, Complements, Fixed-Point Representation,

Floating-Point Representation, Other Binary Codes, Error Detection Codes.

UNIT-II

Register Transfer and Microoperations : Register Transfer Language, Register Transfer,

Bus and Memory Transfers, Arithmetic Microoperations, Logic Microoperations, Shift

Microoperations, Arithmetic Logic Shift Unit.

Basic Computer Organisation and Design : Instruction Codes, Computer Registers,

Computer Instructions, Timing and Control, Instruction Cycle, Memory-Reference

Instructions, Input-Output and Interrupt, Complete Computer Description, Design of Basic

Computer, Design of Accumulator Logic.

UNIT-III

Programming the Basic Computer : Introduction, Machine Language, Assembly

Language, The Assembler, Program Loops, Programming Arithmetic and Logic,

Subroutines, Input-Output Programming.

Microprogrammed Control : Control Memory, Address Sequencing, Microprogram

Example, Design of Control Unit.

UNIT-IV

Central Processing Unit : Introduction, General Register Organisation, Stack,

Organisation, Instruction Formats, Addressing Modes, Data Transfer and Manipulation,

Program Control, Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC).

Pipeline and Vector Processing : Parallel Processing, Pipelining, Arithmetic Pipeline,

Instruction Pipeline, RISC Pipeline, Vector Processing, Array Processors.

Computer Arithmetic : Introduction, Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication Algorithms,

Division Algorithms, Floating-Point Arithmetic Operations, Decimal Arithmetic Unit, Decimal

Arithmetic Operations.

Input-Output Organisation : Peripheral Devices, Input-Output Interface, Asynchronous

Data Transfer, Modes of Transfer, Priority Interrupt, Direct Memory Access (DMA),

Input-Output Processor (IOP), Serial Communication.

UNIT-V

Memory Organisation : Memory Hierarchy, Main Memory, Auxiliary Memory, Associative

Memory, Cache Memory, Virtual Memory, Memory Management Hardware.

Multiprocessors : Characteristics of Multiprocessors, Interconnection Structures,

Interprocessor Arbitration, Interprocessor Communication and Synchronization, Cache

Coherence.

Paper-II

Data Communication and Computer Networking

UNIT-I

Introduction: Uses of Computer Networks, Network Hardware, Network Software,

Reference Models, Example Networks, Network Standardization, Metric Units.

UNIT-II

Sthe Physical Layer: The Theoretical Basis for Data Communication, Guided Transmission

Media, Wireless Transmission, The Public Switched Telephone Network, The Mobile

Telephone System, Cable Television.

UNIT-III

The Data Link Layer: The Data Link Layer Design Issues, Detection and Correction,

Elementary Data Link Protocols, Sliding Window Protocols, Protocol Verification, Example

Data Link Protocols

UNIT-IV

Medium Access Control Sublayer: Channel Allocation Problem, Multiple Access

Protocols, Ethernet, Wireless Lans, Broadband Wireless, Bluetooth, Data Link Layer

Switching.

The Network Layer: Network Layer Design Issues, Routing Algorithms, Congestion Control

Algorithms, Quality of Service, Internetworking, The Network Layer In The Internet.

The Transport Layer: The Transport Service, Elements of Transport Protocols, Simple

Transport Protocol, The Internet Transport Protocols : Udp The Internet Transport Protocols

: TCP, Performance Issues

UNIT-V

The Application Layer: Dns- The Domain Name System, Electronic Mail, The World Wide

Web, Multimedia

Network Security: Cryptography, Symmetric-Key Algorithms, Public-Key Algorithms, Digital

Signatures, Management of Public Keys, Communication Security, Authentication Protocols,

E-Mail Security, Web Security, Social Issues.

Paper-III

Programming in C and Data Structure

UNIT-I

Introduction: Introduction to Algorithm, Abstract Data type and Data Structure, Analysis of

Algorithm, Asymptotic of Notation, verification of algorithm.

Arrays: Introduction, ordered list & arrays, 2- dimensional array, Representation of

polynomials, sparse, matrix representation, representation of multidimensional array.

UNIT-II

Linked Lists: Introduction, Implementation of linked list, Data type Structure using pointer

data types, Doubly linked list, circular list, array representation of linked lists, Dynamic

Memory Management, shared & recursive lists.

Stacks And Queues : Introduction, array representation, linked list representation of stacks

and queues, application of stack, application of queue.

UNIT-III

Strings: Introduction, strings as an ADT, representation of string, string searching

algorithms.

Recursion: Introduction, simple recursion and recursion free, divide and conquer, tower of

Hanoi, permutation generation, removal of recursion.

UNIT-IV

Trees: Introduction, Definition, Binary Tree, Array representation, Binary Tree Traversal,

properties of Binary Tree, Binary Search Tree.

Advanced Trees: Introduction, AVL Tree, insertion, deletion from an AVL Tree, B-Trees,

Definition, Searching a B-tree, insertion deletion from B-Tree, priorty queues, heaps,

construction of Heaps.

UNIT-V

Searching And Sorting: Introduction, sequential search linear search, binary search,

internal sorting, sorting methods, shuttle sort, straight insertion sort shell sort, simple

selection sort, straight selection sort bubble sort, quick sort, merge sort, heap sort, hashing,

hash function.

Elementary Graphs: Introduction, definition, representation, traversal of graphs, shortest

path.

Paper-IV

Object Oriented Programming in C++

UNIT-I

Principles of Object-Oriented Programming : Software Crises, Software Evolution, A

Look at Procedure-Oriented Programming, Object-Oriented Programming Paradigm, Basic

Concepts of Object-Oriented Programming, Benefits of OOP, Object-Oriented Languages,

Applications of OOP

Beginning With C"++: What is C++ ?, Applications of C++ Simple C++ Program, More

C++ Statements, An Example with Class, Structure of C++ Program, Creating the Source

File, Compiling and Linking

Tokens, Expressions and Control Structures: Introduction, Tokens, Keywords,

Identifiers and Constants, Basic Data Types, User-Defined Data Types, Derived Data

Types, Symbolic Constants, Type Compatibility, Declaration of Variables, Dynamic

Initialization of Variables, Reference Variables, Operators in C++, Scope Resolution

Operator, Member Dereferencing Operators, Memory Management Operators,

Manipulators, Type Cast Operator, Expressions and Their Types, Special Assignment

Expressions, Implicit Conversions, Operator Overloading, Operator Precedence, Control

Structures.

UNIT-II

Functions In C++: Introduction, The Main Function, Function Prototyping, Call by

Reference, Return by Reference, Inline Functions, Default Arguments, const Arguments,

Function Overloading, Friend and Virtual Functions, Math Library Functions.

Classes and Objects: Introduction, C Structures Revisited, Specifying a Class. Defining

Member Functions, AC++ Program with Class, Making an Outside Function Inline, Nesting

of Member Functions, Private Member Functions, Arrays within a Class Memory Allocation

for Objects, Static Data Members, Static Member Functions, Arrays of Objects, Objects as

Function Arguments, Friendly Functions, Returning Objects, const Member Functions,

Pointers to Members, Local Classes

UNIT-III

Constructors and Destructors: Introduction, Constructors, Parameterized Constructors,

Multiple Constructors in a Class, Constructors with Default Arguments, Dynamic Initialization

of Objects, Copy Constructor, Dynamic Constructors, constructing Two-Dimensional Arrays,

const Objects, Destructors.

Operator Overloading and Type Conversions: Introduction, Defining Operator

Overloading, Overloading Unary Operators, Overloading Binary Operators, Overloading

Binary Operators Using Friends, Manipulation of Strings Using Operators, Rules for

Overloading Operators, Type Conversions.

UNIT-IV

Inheritance: Extending Classes: Introduction, Defining Derived Classes, Single

Inheritance, Making a Private Member Inheritable, Multilevel Inheritance, Multiple

Inheritance, Hierarchical Inheritance, Hybrid Inheritance, Virtual Base Classes, Abstract

Classes, Constructors in Derived Classes, Member Classes: Nesting of Classes

Pointers, Virtual Functions and Polymorphism: Introduction, Pointers to Objects, this

Pointer, Pointers to Derived Classes, Virtual Functions, Pure Virtual Functions.

Managing Console I/O Operations: Introduction, C++ Streams, C++ Stream Classes,

Unformatted I/O Operations, Formatted Console I/O Operations, Managing Output with

manipulators

UNIT-V

Working With Files: Introduction, Classes for File Stream Operations, Opening and

Closing a File, Detecting End-of File, More about Open(): File Modes, File Pointers and their

Manipulations, Sequential Input and Output Operations, Updating a File: Random Access,

Error Handling During File Operations, Command-Line Arguments.

Paper-V

Advanced DBMS ORACLE

UNIT-I

Introduction: Database System Applications, Database System versus File Systems, View

of Data, Data Models, Database Languages, Database Users and Administrators,

Transaction Management, Database System Structure, Application Architectures, History of

Database Systems

Data Models : Entity- Relationship Model, Basic Concepts, Constraints, Keys, Design

Issues, Entity-Relationship Diagram, Weak Entity Sets, Extended E-R Features, Design of

an E-R Database Schema, Reduction of an E-R Schema to Tables, The Unified Modeling

language UML

Relational Model: Structure of Relational Database, The Relational Algebra, Extended

Relational-Algebra Operations, Modification of the Database, Views, The Tuple Relational

Calculus, The Domain Relational Calculus.

Relational Databases: Background, Basic Structure, Set Operations, Aggregate Functions,

Null Values, Nested Subqueries, Views, Complex Queries, Modifications of the Database,

Jointed Relations, Data-Definition Language, Embedded SQL, Other SQL Features

UNIT-II

Other Relational Languages: Query-by-Example, Datalog, User Interfaces and Tools

Integrity and Security : Domain Constraints, Referential Integrity, Assertions, Triggers,

Security and Authorization, Authorization in SQL, Encryption and Authentication

Relational-Database Design: First Normal Form, Pitfalls in Relational-Database Design,

Functional Dependencies, Decomposition, Desirable Properties of Decomposition,

Boyce-Codd Normal Form, Third Normal Form, Fourth Normal Form, More Normal Forms,

Overall Database Design Process

Object-Based Databases: Object-oriented Databases: Need for Complex Data Types, The

Object-Oriented Data Model, Object-Oriented Languages, Persistent Programming

Languages, Persistent C++ System, Persistent Java Systems

UNIT-III

Object-Relational Databases: Nested Relations, Complex Types, Inheritance, Reference

Types, Querying with Complex Types, Functions and Procedures, Object-Oriented versus,

Object-Relational

XML Background, Structure of XML Data, XML Document Schema, Querying and

Transformation, The Application Program Interface, Storage of XML Data, XML Applications

Data Storage and Querying: Storage and File Structure, Overview of Physical Storage

Media, Magnetic Disks, RAID, Tertiary Storage, Storage Access, File Organization,

Organization of Records in Files, Data-Dictionary Storage, Storage for Object-Oriented

Databases.

UNIT-IV

Indexing and Hashing : Basic Concepts, Ordered Indices, B+Tree Index Files, B-Tree

Index Files, Static Hashing, Dynamic Hashing, Comparison of Ordered Indexing and

Hashing, Index Definition in SQL, Multiple-key Access

Query Processing: Overview, Measures of Query Cost, Selection Operation, Sorting, Join

Operation, Other Operations, Evaluation of Expressions

Query Optimization: Overview, Estimating Statistics of Expression Result, Transformation

of Relational Expressions, Choice of Evaluation Plans, Materialized Views

Transaction Management: Transactions, Transaction Concept, Transaction State,

Implementation of Atomicity and Durability, Concurrent Executions, Serializability,

Recoverability, Implementation of Isolation, Transaction Definition in SQL, Testing of

Serializability

UNIT-V

Concurrency Control: Lock-Based Protocols, Timestamp-Based Protocol,

Validation-Based Protocols, Multiple Granularity, Multiversion Schemes, Deadlock Handling,

Insert and Delete Operations, Weak Levels of Consistency, Concurrency in Index Structures

Recovery System: Failure Classification, Storage Structure, Recovery and Atomicity,

Log-Based Recovery, Shadow Paging, Recovery with Concurrent Transactions, Buffer

management, Failure with Loss of Nonvolatile Storage, Advanced Recovery Techniques,

Remote Backup System

Database System Architecture:

Database System Architectures: Centralized and Client-Server Architectures, Server

System Architectures, Parallel Systems, Distributed Systems, Network Types

Distributed Databases: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Databases, Distributed Data

Storage, Distributed Transactions, Commit Protocols, Concurrency Control in Distributed

Databases, Availability, Distributed Query Processing, Heterogeneous Distributed

Databases, Directory System

Parallel Databases: Introduction, I/O parallelism, Interquery Parallelism, Intraquery

Parallelism, Intraoperation Parallelism, Interoperation Parallelism, Design of Parallel

Systems.

Paper-VI

Visual Basic

UNIT-I

Getting Started with Visual Basic6: Visual Basic Development Overview Designing and

building the User, Interface, Writing Code That Responds to Events, Creating and Calling

Other Procedures as Needed, Testing and Debugging, Converting to Runtime Version,

Preparing a Distributable Set of Files, Creating Your First Visual Basic program, A simple

Project, Creating the Project, Adding Controls to the Form, setting Control Properties,

Writing Event-Driven Code, Testing and Debugging the Sample Application, Converting

Sample Application to Runtime

Understanding Visual Basic Projects: Using Different Types of Projects, Understanding

the Project Explorer Window, Working with Multiple Projects, Setting Project Options,

Visual Basic Code Basics: Understanding Visual Basic Procedures, Using the Visual Basic

Editor, Using Keyboard and Mouse, Understanding Editor Options, Controlling Program

Flow

UNIT-II

Using Visual Basic Variables: Taking a Look at an Example, Understanding Visual Basic

Data, Declaring Variables, Comparing Implicit and Explicit, Providing Names for your, Using

a Naming Convention, Understanding Variable Scope and, Converting Between Data Types,

Working with Arrays, Understanding the Variant Data, Passing Variables to Procedures,

Using Constants, User-Defined Data Types

Designing the User Interface: Understanding the Visual Basic, Form, Getting the Look and

Feel of Windows, Creating your First Form, Adding New Forms, Understanding form

Properties, form Appearance Properties, Form Control Properties, Form size and

Positioning Properties, More Form Properties, Other Form Properties, Referencing Form

Properties, Setting Properties in Code, Positioning the Form with Methods, Using Form

Drawing Methods, Showing and Hiding Forms, Loading Forms, Unloading Forms,

Understanding Form Events, Form Maintenance Events, Form Mouse Events, Form

Keyboard Events, Making the Most Built-In Dialog Boxes, Understanding MDI Applications,

Wrapping up Forms

UNIT-III

Putting Your Forms to Work with Controls: Getting to Know the Toolbox, Getting to

Know the Visual Basic Tools, Customizing the Toolbox, adding Controls to Forms, Using the

Alignment Grid, Multiselecting Controls, Form Layout Functions, Control Properties,

Displaying a Check Box, Providing Mutually Exclusive, Using the Frame Control, Entering

Text, Drawing Shapes and Displaying Pictures, Selecting Files, Colors, Fonts, Printers, and

Help, Generating Timed Events, Passing a Control as an Argument, Determining the Type

of Control, Using the Controls Collection, Setting Tab Order, Binding Controls, Dragging and

Dropping, Handling Keyboard Events, Handling Mouse Events

Mastering Menus and Toolbars: Understanding menus, Using the Menu Editor, Menu

Arrays, Applying Menu Conventions, Using Pop-up Menus, Configuring Menus at Runtime,

Understanding Toolbars, Finding the Perfect Icons, adding Toolbars to Your Application,

Customizing the Toolbar, Configuring the Toolbar at Runtime, Handling Toolbar Events,

Running the Menu and Toolbar Demo Program

UNIT-IV

Using the Visual Basic Debugging Tools: Finding Errors, Using the Module Options,

Traditional Debugging Techniques, Using the Visual Basic Debugging Tools, Using the

Debug Toolbar, Suspending Execution with Breakpoints, Stepping Through Code,

Controlling Program Flow, Getting to Know the Debugging Windows, Using the Call Stack

Handling Runtime Errors: Recognizing Runtime Errors, Trapping Errors in Visual Basic

Applications, using the Err Object, Using the Err Number Property Desplaying More Helpful,

Information, Knowing Which Errors to Trap, Using the resume Statement, Using on Error Go

To, Handling Errors Locally, Logging Errors

Reading and Writing Text Files: Understanding Text Files, Downloading the Data,

Reviewing Database Terminology, Looking at Text File Formats, Understanding Data

Access, Methods, Opening Text Files, Reading Fixed- Width Text Files, Taking a Closer

Look at File Commands, Creating Text Files, Outputting Fixed-Width Data to a File, Looking

at Other File Operations, Deleting Files, Listing the Contents of a Folder, Detecting the End

of a File, Copying a File, Determining the size of a Closed File, Determining the Size of an

Open File, Getting a File's Attributes, Setting a File's Attributes

UNIT-V

Mastering the Visual Basic Data Control: Introducing the Data Control, Using the Data

Control, Understanding the Data Control Properties, Knowing the Current Record, Using

Data-Bound Controls, Mainpulating the Data Control at Runtime, Programmed Access

Using Events, navigating the Data Control in Code

Creating Queries in Visual Basic: Defining SQL, Using the SELECT Statement, Accessing

Multiple Tables, Adding Calculated Fields, Specifying the Filter Criteria, Aggregating the

Data, Grouping the Data, Using SQL Statements with the Data Control.

Paper-VII

Discrete Mathematics

UNIT-I

Set Theory : Introduction, Sets and Elements, Universal Set and Empty Set, Subsets, Venn

Diagram, Set Operations, Algebra of Sets and Duality, Finite Sets, Counting Principle,

Classes of Sets, Power Sets, Partitions, Mathematical Induction.

Relations : Introduction, Product Sets, Relations, Pictorial Representations of Relations,

Compostition of Relations, Types of Relations, Closure Properties, Equivalence Relations,

Partial Ordering Relations, n-ary Relations.

Functions and Algorithms: Introduction, Functions, One-to-One Onto and Invertible

Functions, Mathematical Funcations, Exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Sequences,

Indexed Classes of Sets, Recursively Defined Functions, cardinality, Algorithms and

Functions, Complexity of Algorithms.

Logic and Propositional Calculus : Introduction, Propositions and Compound

Propostions, Basic Logical Operations, Propositions and Truth Tables, Tautologies and

Contradictions, Logical Equivalence, Algebra of Propositions, Conditinal and Biconditional

Statements, Arguments, Logical Implication, Propositional Functions, Quantifiers, Negation

of Quantified Statements.

UNIT-II

Vectors and Matrices : Introduction, Vectors, Matrices, Matrix Additions and Scalar

Multiplication, Matrix Multiplication, Transpose, Square Matrices Invertible (Nonsingular)

Matrices, Inverses, Determinants, Elementary Row Operations, Gaussian Elimination,

Boolean (Zero-One) Matrices.

Counting: Introduction, Basic Counting Principles, Factorial Notation Binomial Coefficients.

Permutations, Combinations, The Pigeonhole Principle, The Inclusion-Exclusion Principle,

Ordered and Unordered Partitions.

Probability Theory : Introduction, Sample Space and Events, Finite Probability Spaces,

Conditional Probability, Independent Events, Independent Repeated Trials, Binomial

Distribution, Random Variables.

UNIT-III

Graph Theory: Introduction, Data Structures, Graphas and Multigraphs, Subgraphs,

Isomorphic and Homeomorphic Graphs, Paths, Connectivity, The Bridges of Konigsberg,

Traversable Multigraphs, Labeled and Weighted Graphs, Complete, Regular and Bipartite

Graphs, Tree Graphs, Planar Graphs, Graph Colorings, Representing Graphs in Computer

Memory, Graph Algorithms.

Directed Graphs: Introduction, Directed Graphs, Basic Definitions, Rooted Trees,

Sequential Representation of Directed Graphs, Warshall's Algorithm, Shortest Paths, Linked

Representation of Directed Graphs, Graph Algorithms Depth-First and Breadth-First

Searches, Directed Cycle-Free Graphs, Topological Sort, Pruning Algorithm for Shortest

Path.

Binary Trees : Introduction Binary Trees, Complete and extended Binary Trees,

Representing Binary Trees in Memory, Traversing Binary Trees, Binary Search trees,

Priority Queues, Heaps, Path Lengths, Huffmans's Algorithm, General (Ordered Rooted)

Trees Revisited.

UNIT-IV

Properties of the integers : Introduction, Order and Inequqlities, Absolute value,

Mathematical Induction, Division Algorithm, Divisibilty, Primes, Greatest Common Divisor,

Euclidean Algoritm, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Congruence Relation, Congruence

Equation.

Algerbaic Systems : Introduction, Operations Semigroups, Groups, Subgroups, Normal

Subgroups, and Homomorphism, Rings, Integral Domains, and Filelds, Polynomials over a

Field.

UNIT-V

Languages, Grammars Machines : Introduction, Alphabet, Words, Free Semigroup,

Languages, Regular Expresssions, Regular Languages, Finite State Automata, Grammars,

Finite State Machines, Godel Numbers, Turing Machines, Computable, Functions.

Ordered sets and Lattices : Introduction, Ordered sets, Hasse Diagrams of Partially

Ordered Sets, Consistent Enumeration, Supremum and Infimum, Isomorphic (Similar)

Ordered Sets, Well-ordered Sets, Lattices, Bounded Lattices, Distributive Lattices,

Complements, Complemented Lattices.

Boolean Algebra : Introduction, Basic Definitions, Duality, Basic Theorems, Boolean

Algebras as Lattices, Representation Theorem, Sum-of-Products Form for Sets,

Sum-of-Products, Form for Boolean Algebras, Minimal Boolean Expressions, Prime

Implicants, Logic Gates and Circuits, Truth Tables, Boolean Functions, Krnaugh Maps.

Paper - I

COMPUTER ORGANISATION & ARCHITECTURE

UNIT-I

Digital Logic Circuits : Digital Computers, Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra, Map

Simplification, Combinational Circuits, Flip-Flops, Sequential Circuits.

Digital Components : Integrated Circuits, Decoders, Multiplexers, Registers, Shift

Registers, Binary Counters.

Data Representation : Data Types, Complements, Fixed-Point Representation,

Floating-Point Representation, Other Binary Codes, Error Detection Codes.

UNIT-II

Register Transfer and Microoperations : Register Transfer Language, Register Transfer,

Bus and Memory Transfers, Arithmetic Microoperations, Logic Microoperations, Shift

Microoperations, Arithmetic Logic Shift Unit.

Basic Computer Organisation and Design : Instruction Codes, Computer Registers,

Computer Instructions, Timing and Control, Instruction Cycle, Memory-Reference

Instructions, Input-Output and Interrupt, Complete Computer Description, Design of Basic

Computer, Design of Accumulator Logic.

UNIT-III

Programming the Basic Computer : Introduction, Machine Language, Assembly

Language, The Assembler, Program Loops, Programming Arithmetic and Logic,

Subroutines, Input-Output Programming.

Microprogrammed Control : Control Memory, Address Sequencing, Microprogram

Example, Design of Control Unit.

UNIT-IV

Central Processing Unit : Introduction, General Register Organisation, Stack,

Organisation, Instruction Formats, Addressing Modes, Data Transfer and Manipulation,

Program Control, Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC).

Pipeline and Vector Processing : Parallel Processing, Pipelining, Arithmetic Pipeline,

Instruction Pipeline, RISC Pipeline, Vector Processing, Array Processors.

Computer Arithmetic : Introduction, Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication Algorithms,

Division Algorithms, Floating-Point Arithmetic Operations, Decimal Arithmetic Unit, Decimal

Arithmetic Operations.

Input-Output Organisation : Peripheral Devices, Input-Output Interface, Asynchronous

Data Transfer, Modes of Transfer, Priority Interrupt, Direct Memory Access (DMA),

Input-Output Processor (IOP), Serial Communication.

UNIT-V

Memory Organisation : Memory Hierarchy, Main Memory, Auxiliary Memory, Associative

Memory, Cache Memory, Virtual Memory, Memory Management Hardware.

Multiprocessors : Characteristics of Multiprocessors, Interconnection Structures,

Interprocessor Arbitration, Interprocessor Communication and Synchronization, Cache

Coherence.

Paper-II

Data Communication and Computer Networking

UNIT-I

Introduction: Uses of Computer Networks, Network Hardware, Network Software,

Reference Models, Example Networks, Network Standardization, Metric Units.

UNIT-II

Sthe Physical Layer: The Theoretical Basis for Data Communication, Guided Transmission

Media, Wireless Transmission, The Public Switched Telephone Network, The Mobile

Telephone System, Cable Television.

UNIT-III

The Data Link Layer: The Data Link Layer Design Issues, Detection and Correction,

Elementary Data Link Protocols, Sliding Window Protocols, Protocol Verification, Example

Data Link Protocols

UNIT-IV

Medium Access Control Sublayer: Channel Allocation Problem, Multiple Access

Protocols, Ethernet, Wireless Lans, Broadband Wireless, Bluetooth, Data Link Layer

Switching.

The Network Layer: Network Layer Design Issues, Routing Algorithms, Congestion Control

Algorithms, Quality of Service, Internetworking, The Network Layer In The Internet.

The Transport Layer: The Transport Service, Elements of Transport Protocols, Simple

Transport Protocol, The Internet Transport Protocols : Udp The Internet Transport Protocols

: TCP, Performance Issues

UNIT-V

The Application Layer: Dns- The Domain Name System, Electronic Mail, The World Wide

Web, Multimedia

Network Security: Cryptography, Symmetric-Key Algorithms, Public-Key Algorithms, Digital

Signatures, Management of Public Keys, Communication Security, Authentication Protocols,

E-Mail Security, Web Security, Social Issues.

Paper-III

Programming in C and Data Structure

UNIT-I

Introduction: Introduction to Algorithm, Abstract Data type and Data Structure, Analysis of

Algorithm, Asymptotic of Notation, verification of algorithm.

Arrays: Introduction, ordered list & arrays, 2- dimensional array, Representation of

polynomials, sparse, matrix representation, representation of multidimensional array.

UNIT-II

Linked Lists: Introduction, Implementation of linked list, Data type Structure using pointer

data types, Doubly linked list, circular list, array representation of linked lists, Dynamic

Memory Management, shared & recursive lists.

Stacks And Queues : Introduction, array representation, linked list representation of stacks

and queues, application of stack, application of queue.

UNIT-III

Strings: Introduction, strings as an ADT, representation of string, string searching

algorithms.

Recursion: Introduction, simple recursion and recursion free, divide and conquer, tower of

Hanoi, permutation generation, removal of recursion.

UNIT-IV

Trees: Introduction, Definition, Binary Tree, Array representation, Binary Tree Traversal,

properties of Binary Tree, Binary Search Tree.

Advanced Trees: Introduction, AVL Tree, insertion, deletion from an AVL Tree, B-Trees,

Definition, Searching a B-tree, insertion deletion from B-Tree, priorty queues, heaps,

construction of Heaps.

UNIT-V

Searching And Sorting: Introduction, sequential search linear search, binary search,

internal sorting, sorting methods, shuttle sort, straight insertion sort shell sort, simple

selection sort, straight selection sort bubble sort, quick sort, merge sort, heap sort, hashing,

hash function.

Elementary Graphs: Introduction, definition, representation, traversal of graphs, shortest

path.

Paper-IV

Object Oriented Programming in C++

UNIT-I

Principles of Object-Oriented Programming : Software Crises, Software Evolution, A

Look at Procedure-Oriented Programming, Object-Oriented Programming Paradigm, Basic

Concepts of Object-Oriented Programming, Benefits of OOP, Object-Oriented Languages,

Applications of OOP

Beginning With C"++: What is C++ ?, Applications of C++ Simple C++ Program, More

C++ Statements, An Example with Class, Structure of C++ Program, Creating the Source

File, Compiling and Linking

Tokens, Expressions and Control Structures: Introduction, Tokens, Keywords,

Identifiers and Constants, Basic Data Types, User-Defined Data Types, Derived Data

Types, Symbolic Constants, Type Compatibility, Declaration of Variables, Dynamic

Initialization of Variables, Reference Variables, Operators in C++, Scope Resolution

Operator, Member Dereferencing Operators, Memory Management Operators,

Manipulators, Type Cast Operator, Expressions and Their Types, Special Assignment

Expressions, Implicit Conversions, Operator Overloading, Operator Precedence, Control

Structures.

UNIT-II

Functions In C++: Introduction, The Main Function, Function Prototyping, Call by

Reference, Return by Reference, Inline Functions, Default Arguments, const Arguments,

Function Overloading, Friend and Virtual Functions, Math Library Functions.

Classes and Objects: Introduction, C Structures Revisited, Specifying a Class. Defining

Member Functions, AC++ Program with Class, Making an Outside Function Inline, Nesting

of Member Functions, Private Member Functions, Arrays within a Class Memory Allocation

for Objects, Static Data Members, Static Member Functions, Arrays of Objects, Objects as

Function Arguments, Friendly Functions, Returning Objects, const Member Functions,

Pointers to Members, Local Classes

UNIT-III

Constructors and Destructors: Introduction, Constructors, Parameterized Constructors,

Multiple Constructors in a Class, Constructors with Default Arguments, Dynamic Initialization

of Objects, Copy Constructor, Dynamic Constructors, constructing Two-Dimensional Arrays,

const Objects, Destructors.

Operator Overloading and Type Conversions: Introduction, Defining Operator

Overloading, Overloading Unary Operators, Overloading Binary Operators, Overloading

Binary Operators Using Friends, Manipulation of Strings Using Operators, Rules for

Overloading Operators, Type Conversions.

UNIT-IV

Inheritance: Extending Classes: Introduction, Defining Derived Classes, Single

Inheritance, Making a Private Member Inheritable, Multilevel Inheritance, Multiple

Inheritance, Hierarchical Inheritance, Hybrid Inheritance, Virtual Base Classes, Abstract

Classes, Constructors in Derived Classes, Member Classes: Nesting of Classes

Pointers, Virtual Functions and Polymorphism: Introduction, Pointers to Objects, this

Pointer, Pointers to Derived Classes, Virtual Functions, Pure Virtual Functions.

Managing Console I/O Operations: Introduction, C++ Streams, C++ Stream Classes,

Unformatted I/O Operations, Formatted Console I/O Operations, Managing Output with

manipulators

UNIT-V

Working With Files: Introduction, Classes for File Stream Operations, Opening and

Closing a File, Detecting End-of File, More about Open(): File Modes, File Pointers and their

Manipulations, Sequential Input and Output Operations, Updating a File: Random Access,

Error Handling During File Operations, Command-Line Arguments.

Paper-V

Advanced DBMS ORACLE

UNIT-I

Introduction: Database System Applications, Database System versus File Systems, View

of Data, Data Models, Database Languages, Database Users and Administrators,

Transaction Management, Database System Structure, Application Architectures, History of

Database Systems

Data Models : Entity- Relationship Model, Basic Concepts, Constraints, Keys, Design

Issues, Entity-Relationship Diagram, Weak Entity Sets, Extended E-R Features, Design of

an E-R Database Schema, Reduction of an E-R Schema to Tables, The Unified Modeling

language UML

Relational Model: Structure of Relational Database, The Relational Algebra, Extended

Relational-Algebra Operations, Modification of the Database, Views, The Tuple Relational

Calculus, The Domain Relational Calculus.

Relational Databases: Background, Basic Structure, Set Operations, Aggregate Functions,

Null Values, Nested Subqueries, Views, Complex Queries, Modifications of the Database,

Jointed Relations, Data-Definition Language, Embedded SQL, Other SQL Features

UNIT-II

Other Relational Languages: Query-by-Example, Datalog, User Interfaces and Tools

Integrity and Security : Domain Constraints, Referential Integrity, Assertions, Triggers,

Security and Authorization, Authorization in SQL, Encryption and Authentication

Relational-Database Design: First Normal Form, Pitfalls in Relational-Database Design,

Functional Dependencies, Decomposition, Desirable Properties of Decomposition,

Boyce-Codd Normal Form, Third Normal Form, Fourth Normal Form, More Normal Forms,

Overall Database Design Process

Object-Based Databases: Object-oriented Databases: Need for Complex Data Types, The

Object-Oriented Data Model, Object-Oriented Languages, Persistent Programming

Languages, Persistent C++ System, Persistent Java Systems

UNIT-III

Object-Relational Databases: Nested Relations, Complex Types, Inheritance, Reference

Types, Querying with Complex Types, Functions and Procedures, Object-Oriented versus,

Object-Relational

XML Background, Structure of XML Data, XML Document Schema, Querying and

Transformation, The Application Program Interface, Storage of XML Data, XML Applications

Data Storage and Querying: Storage and File Structure, Overview of Physical Storage

Media, Magnetic Disks, RAID, Tertiary Storage, Storage Access, File Organization,

Organization of Records in Files, Data-Dictionary Storage, Storage for Object-Oriented

Databases.

UNIT-IV

Indexing and Hashing : Basic Concepts, Ordered Indices, B+Tree Index Files, B-Tree

Index Files, Static Hashing, Dynamic Hashing, Comparison of Ordered Indexing and

Hashing, Index Definition in SQL, Multiple-key Access

Query Processing: Overview, Measures of Query Cost, Selection Operation, Sorting, Join

Operation, Other Operations, Evaluation of Expressions

Query Optimization: Overview, Estimating Statistics of Expression Result, Transformation

of Relational Expressions, Choice of Evaluation Plans, Materialized Views

Transaction Management: Transactions, Transaction Concept, Transaction State,

Implementation of Atomicity and Durability, Concurrent Executions, Serializability,

Recoverability, Implementation of Isolation, Transaction Definition in SQL, Testing of

Serializability

UNIT-V

Concurrency Control: Lock-Based Protocols, Timestamp-Based Protocol,

Validation-Based Protocols, Multiple Granularity, Multiversion Schemes, Deadlock Handling,

Insert and Delete Operations, Weak Levels of Consistency, Concurrency in Index Structures

Recovery System: Failure Classification, Storage Structure, Recovery and Atomicity,

Log-Based Recovery, Shadow Paging, Recovery with Concurrent Transactions, Buffer

management, Failure with Loss of Nonvolatile Storage, Advanced Recovery Techniques,

Remote Backup System

Database System Architecture:

Database System Architectures: Centralized and Client-Server Architectures, Server

System Architectures, Parallel Systems, Distributed Systems, Network Types

Distributed Databases: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Databases, Distributed Data

Storage, Distributed Transactions, Commit Protocols, Concurrency Control in Distributed

Databases, Availability, Distributed Query Processing, Heterogeneous Distributed

Databases, Directory System

Parallel Databases: Introduction, I/O parallelism, Interquery Parallelism, Intraquery

Parallelism, Intraoperation Parallelism, Interoperation Parallelism, Design of Parallel

Systems.

Paper-VI

Visual Basic

UNIT-I

Getting Started with Visual Basic6: Visual Basic Development Overview Designing and

building the User, Interface, Writing Code That Responds to Events, Creating and Calling

Other Procedures as Needed, Testing and Debugging, Converting to Runtime Version,

Preparing a Distributable Set of Files, Creating Your First Visual Basic program, A simple

Project, Creating the Project, Adding Controls to the Form, setting Control Properties,

Writing Event-Driven Code, Testing and Debugging the Sample Application, Converting

Sample Application to Runtime

Understanding Visual Basic Projects: Using Different Types of Projects, Understanding

the Project Explorer Window, Working with Multiple Projects, Setting Project Options,

Visual Basic Code Basics: Understanding Visual Basic Procedures, Using the Visual Basic

Editor, Using Keyboard and Mouse, Understanding Editor Options, Controlling Program

Flow

UNIT-II

Using Visual Basic Variables: Taking a Look at an Example, Understanding Visual Basic

Data, Declaring Variables, Comparing Implicit and Explicit, Providing Names for your, Using

a Naming Convention, Understanding Variable Scope and, Converting Between Data Types,

Working with Arrays, Understanding the Variant Data, Passing Variables to Procedures,

Using Constants, User-Defined Data Types

Designing the User Interface: Understanding the Visual Basic, Form, Getting the Look and

Feel of Windows, Creating your First Form, Adding New Forms, Understanding form

Properties, form Appearance Properties, Form Control Properties, Form size and

Positioning Properties, More Form Properties, Other Form Properties, Referencing Form

Properties, Setting Properties in Code, Positioning the Form with Methods, Using Form

Drawing Methods, Showing and Hiding Forms, Loading Forms, Unloading Forms,

Understanding Form Events, Form Maintenance Events, Form Mouse Events, Form

Keyboard Events, Making the Most Built-In Dialog Boxes, Understanding MDI Applications,

Wrapping up Forms

UNIT-III

Putting Your Forms to Work with Controls: Getting to Know the Toolbox, Getting to

Know the Visual Basic Tools, Customizing the Toolbox, adding Controls to Forms, Using the

Alignment Grid, Multiselecting Controls, Form Layout Functions, Control Properties,

Displaying a Check Box, Providing Mutually Exclusive, Using the Frame Control, Entering

Text, Drawing Shapes and Displaying Pictures, Selecting Files, Colors, Fonts, Printers, and

Help, Generating Timed Events, Passing a Control as an Argument, Determining the Type

of Control, Using the Controls Collection, Setting Tab Order, Binding Controls, Dragging and

Dropping, Handling Keyboard Events, Handling Mouse Events

Mastering Menus and Toolbars: Understanding menus, Using the Menu Editor, Menu

Arrays, Applying Menu Conventions, Using Pop-up Menus, Configuring Menus at Runtime,

Understanding Toolbars, Finding the Perfect Icons, adding Toolbars to Your Application,

Customizing the Toolbar, Configuring the Toolbar at Runtime, Handling Toolbar Events,

Running the Menu and Toolbar Demo Program

UNIT-IV

Using the Visual Basic Debugging Tools: Finding Errors, Using the Module Options,

Traditional Debugging Techniques, Using the Visual Basic Debugging Tools, Using the

Debug Toolbar, Suspending Execution with Breakpoints, Stepping Through Code,

Controlling Program Flow, Getting to Know the Debugging Windows, Using the Call Stack

Handling Runtime Errors: Recognizing Runtime Errors, Trapping Errors in Visual Basic

Applications, using the Err Object, Using the Err Number Property Desplaying More Helpful,

Information, Knowing Which Errors to Trap, Using the resume Statement, Using on Error Go

To, Handling Errors Locally, Logging Errors

Reading and Writing Text Files: Understanding Text Files, Downloading the Data,

Reviewing Database Terminology, Looking at Text File Formats, Understanding Data

Access, Methods, Opening Text Files, Reading Fixed- Width Text Files, Taking a Closer

Look at File Commands, Creating Text Files, Outputting Fixed-Width Data to a File, Looking

at Other File Operations, Deleting Files, Listing the Contents of a Folder, Detecting the End

of a File, Copying a File, Determining the size of a Closed File, Determining the Size of an

Open File, Getting a File's Attributes, Setting a File's Attributes

UNIT-V

Mastering the Visual Basic Data Control: Introducing the Data Control, Using the Data

Control, Understanding the Data Control Properties, Knowing the Current Record, Using

Data-Bound Controls, Mainpulating the Data Control at Runtime, Programmed Access

Using Events, navigating the Data Control in Code

Creating Queries in Visual Basic: Defining SQL, Using the SELECT Statement, Accessing

Multiple Tables, Adding Calculated Fields, Specifying the Filter Criteria, Aggregating the

Data, Grouping the Data, Using SQL Statements with the Data Control.

Paper-VII

Discrete Mathematics

UNIT-I

Set Theory : Introduction, Sets and Elements, Universal Set and Empty Set, Subsets, Venn

Diagram, Set Operations, Algebra of Sets and Duality, Finite Sets, Counting Principle,

Classes of Sets, Power Sets, Partitions, Mathematical Induction.

Relations : Introduction, Product Sets, Relations, Pictorial Representations of Relations,

Compostition of Relations, Types of Relations, Closure Properties, Equivalence Relations,

Partial Ordering Relations, n-ary Relations.

Functions and Algorithms: Introduction, Functions, One-to-One Onto and Invertible

Functions, Mathematical Funcations, Exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Sequences,

Indexed Classes of Sets, Recursively Defined Functions, cardinality, Algorithms and

Functions, Complexity of Algorithms.

Logic and Propositional Calculus : Introduction, Propositions and Compound

Propostions, Basic Logical Operations, Propositions and Truth Tables, Tautologies and

Contradictions, Logical Equivalence, Algebra of Propositions, Conditinal and Biconditional

Statements, Arguments, Logical Implication, Propositional Functions, Quantifiers, Negation

of Quantified Statements.

UNIT-II

Vectors and Matrices : Introduction, Vectors, Matrices, Matrix Additions and Scalar

Multiplication, Matrix Multiplication, Transpose, Square Matrices Invertible (Nonsingular)

Matrices, Inverses, Determinants, Elementary Row Operations, Gaussian Elimination,

Boolean (Zero-One) Matrices.

Counting: Introduction, Basic Counting Principles, Factorial Notation Binomial Coefficients.

Permutations, Combinations, The Pigeonhole Principle, The Inclusion-Exclusion Principle,

Ordered and Unordered Partitions.

Probability Theory : Introduction, Sample Space and Events, Finite Probability Spaces,

Conditional Probability, Independent Events, Independent Repeated Trials, Binomial

Distribution, Random Variables.

UNIT-III

Graph Theory: Introduction, Data Structures, Graphas and Multigraphs, Subgraphs,

Isomorphic and Homeomorphic Graphs, Paths, Connectivity, The Bridges of Konigsberg,

Traversable Multigraphs, Labeled and Weighted Graphs, Complete, Regular and Bipartite

Graphs, Tree Graphs, Planar Graphs, Graph Colorings, Representing Graphs in Computer

Memory, Graph Algorithms.

Directed Graphs: Introduction, Directed Graphs, Basic Definitions, Rooted Trees,

Sequential Representation of Directed Graphs, Warshall's Algorithm, Shortest Paths, Linked

Representation of Directed Graphs, Graph Algorithms Depth-First and Breadth-First

Searches, Directed Cycle-Free Graphs, Topological Sort, Pruning Algorithm for Shortest

Path.

Binary Trees : Introduction Binary Trees, Complete and extended Binary Trees,

Representing Binary Trees in Memory, Traversing Binary Trees, Binary Search trees,

Priority Queues, Heaps, Path Lengths, Huffmans's Algorithm, General (Ordered Rooted)

Trees Revisited.

UNIT-IV

Properties of the integers : Introduction, Order and Inequqlities, Absolute value,

Mathematical Induction, Division Algorithm, Divisibilty, Primes, Greatest Common Divisor,

Euclidean Algoritm, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Congruence Relation, Congruence

Equation.

Algerbaic Systems : Introduction, Operations Semigroups, Groups, Subgroups, Normal

Subgroups, and Homomorphism, Rings, Integral Domains, and Filelds, Polynomials over a

Field.

UNIT-V

Languages, Grammars Machines : Introduction, Alphabet, Words, Free Semigroup,

Languages, Regular Expresssions, Regular Languages, Finite State Automata, Grammars,

Finite State Machines, Godel Numbers, Turing Machines, Computable, Functions.

Ordered sets and Lattices : Introduction, Ordered sets, Hasse Diagrams of Partially

Ordered Sets, Consistent Enumeration, Supremum and Infimum, Isomorphic (Similar)

Ordered Sets, Well-ordered Sets, Lattices, Bounded Lattices, Distributive Lattices,

Complements, Complemented Lattices.

Boolean Algebra : Introduction, Basic Definitions, Duality, Basic Theorems, Boolean

Algebras as Lattices, Representation Theorem, Sum-of-Products Form for Sets,

Sum-of-Products, Form for Boolean Algebras, Minimal Boolean Expressions, Prime

Implicants, Logic Gates and Circuits, Truth Tables, Boolean Functions, Krnaugh Maps.